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Fog and the City: an urbanist's perspective

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My talk at the Ninux Day 2016 in Florence.

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Fog and the City: an urbanist's perspective

  1. 1. #NinuxDay2016
  2. 2. http://wiki.ninux.org/NinuxDay2016/
  3. 3. Fog and the City an urbanist's perspective
  4. 4. mesh networks
  5. 5. a network topology in which all nodes cooperate to distribute data
  6. 6. fog computing
  7. 7. peripherical clients/devices carry out (a substantial amount of) storage, communication, control, configuration, measurement, and management
  8. 8. fog computing is a distributed paradigm that provides cloud-like services to the network edge Source: Amir Vahid Dastjerdi, Rajkumar Buyya, Fog Computing: Helping the Internet of Things Realize its Potential
  9. 9. it leverages cloud and edge resources along with its own infrastructure Source: Amir Vahid Dastjerdi, Rajkumar Buyya, Fog Computing: Helping the Internet of Things Realize its Potential
  10. 10. fog for smart cities
  11. 11. smart grid
  12. 12. smart traffic lights and connected vehicles
  13. 13. wireless sensor and actuator networks
  14. 14. decentralized smart building control
  15. 15. iot and cyber-physical systems
  16. 16. software defined networks
  17. 17. why does it matter?
  18. 18. end users are involved in the computation effort
  19. 19. security
  20. 20. privacy concerns
  21. 21. the main security issues are authentication at different levels of gateways Source: Ivan Stojmenovic, Sheng Wen, The Fog Computing Paradigm: Scenarios and Security Issues
  22. 22. open source architecture
  23. 23. "vernacular" awareness
  24. 24. glocalism
  25. 25. developing/sharing best practices
  26. 26. involvement of...
  27. 27. inhabitants, professionals, NGOs, public agencies, researchers, activists, artists, sociologists, and urban scientists Source: https://wiki.p2pfoundation.net/P2P_Urbanism
  28. 28. meant to study, construct, and repair the city in a way that anyone may choose, participate, share, and modify theories, methods, and implementation technologies at any one time Source: https://wiki.p2pfoundation.net/P2P_Urbanism
  29. 29. civic engagement
  30. 30. in the disciplines of urban design and architecture, it is imperative to consider the social, environmental, and economic contexts in which they exist Source: Glenda Amayo Caldwell, Marcus Foth, Mirko Guaralda, An urban informatics approach to smart city learning in architecture and urban design education
  31. 31. around the world, civic engagement is paramount to promoting democracy and equity throughout urban planning, policy reform, and design Source: Glenda Amayo Caldwell, Marcus Foth, Mirko Guaralda, An urban informatics approach to smart city learning in architecture and urban design education
  32. 32. mesh networking only represents one small (albeit critical) part of the overall smart city infrastructure Source: Primavera De Filippi, Community Mesh Networks: Citizens' Participation in the Deployment of Smart Cities
  33. 33. technology can (and should) also be deployed to elaborate and deploy innovative systems of governance Source: Primavera De Filippi, Community Mesh Networks: Citizens' Participation in the Deployment of Smart Cities
  34. 34. a truly emancipatory technology should not only provide the means for citizens to become more independent and autonomous within their own city, but also to exercise greater control and oversight over the municipality Source: Primavera De Filippi, Community Mesh Networks: Citizens' Participation in the Deployment of Smart Cities
  35. 35. privacy/comfort trade-off?
  36. 36. quite the contrary Source: Primavera De Filippi, Community Mesh Networks: Citizens' Participation in the Deployment of Smart Cities
  37. 37. the need to align innovation policies for smart cities deployment with better urban development and greater citizen empowerment requires reconsidering the role of citizens as the central focus of smart cities development Source: Primavera De Filippi, Community Mesh Networks: Citizens' Participation in the Deployment of Smart Cities
  38. 38. the general approach to smart cities deployment must integrate the social component to the technical component Source: Primavera De Filippi, Community Mesh Networks: Citizens' Participation in the Deployment of Smart Cities
  39. 39. through the deployment of mesh networks, citizens can set up their own smart-city environments, by connecting several devices together in a decentralized fashion within a peer-to-peer network Source: Primavera De Filippi, Community Mesh Networks: Citizens' Participation in the Deployment of Smart Cities
  40. 40. without the need for a centralized authority Source: Primavera De Filippi, Community Mesh Networks: Citizens' Participation in the Deployment of Smart Cities
  41. 41. break free from closed-loop systems!
  42. 42. is the urbanist obsolete?
  43. 43. phigital approach
  44. 44. urban informatics
  45. 45. ensuring optimal resource distribution
  46. 46. interface local/global
  47. 47. easing the transition towards self-regulating communities
  48. 48. Colophon
  49. 49. vim, Hovercraft!, Ubuntu Xenial Xerus
  50. 50. Roberto Reale
  51. 51. https://robertoreale.me/ninux-day-2016

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