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Exposición Módulo Diseño de Puentes

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Exposición Módulo Diseño de Puentes

  1. 1. UNIVERSIDAD TÉCNICA DE AMBATO. FACULTAD DE INGENIERÍA CIVIL Y MECÁNICA.CARRERA DE INGENIERÍA CIVIL.MÓDULO DE DISEÑO DE PUENTES.ESTUDIANTE: ROBERTO CARLOS SUPE SUPE.Semestre: Décimo “C”
  2. 2. PILEA member with a small cross-sectional (in comparison to its lenth) used to provide adequate support for a column or wall resting on soil which is too weak or compressible the structure using a spread footer.
  3. 3. Pila.- Es un elemento con una pequeña área transversal (en comparación con su longitud) utilizada para proporcionar un apoyo adecuado para una columna o muro que descansa sobre un suelo es demasiado débil o compresible para soportar la estructura utilizando un cimiento aproximadamente cuadrado.Pila − Columna, grupo de columnas conectadas entre sí u otra configuración diseñada como apoyo interior de la superestructura de un puente.
  4. 4. PILE BENTA pier comprised of a cap beam and a set of piles.Pilón.- Es una plataforma integrada de un dintel y un conjunto de pilas.
  5. 5. PIN AND HANGER.- SEE HANGER.Pasador y Péndola.- Cualquiera de las varillas verticales que sostienen el piso de un puente colgante o de otras obras.
  6. 6. PITCHA grade or slope given a surface, usually to provide for adequate drainage. Also the distance between rows of shear studs or complete revolutions in a spiral shear connector.
  7. 7. Grado de Inclinación.- Es un grado o pendiente dada a una superficie, usualmente proporciona un adecuado drenaje. También es la distancia entre filas de esfuerzo cortante que generan los montantes o de las revoluciones completas generadas por el esfuerzo cortante del conector espiral.Ángulo de oblicuidad − Ángulo que forma el eje de un apoyo respecto de una recta normal al eje de la carretera.
  8. 8. PLANUsed to denote a view of an element, component, or the site from a viewpoint directly above the object looking down.Plano.- Es utilizado para indicar una vista de un elemento, componente, o el lugar de un punto de vista directamente desde la parte superior a la parte inferior del objeto.
  9. 9. PLAN AND PROFILEA drawing which presents both the roadway plan view along with its profile on the same sheet and at equal horizontal scales.Plano y Perfil.- Es un diseño el cual presenta la vista del plano de la calzada a lo largo de su perfil en la misma lámina y en iguales escalas horizontales.
  10. 10. PLANIMETRYTopographic information detailing the location and/ or elevation of non-terrain realated features(e.g., vegetation, fences, catch basins, etc.)
  11. 11. Planimetría.- Es donde se muestra el detalle de la información topográfica la localización y/o elevación del terreno y no de sus características como por ejemplo la vegetación, ceros, sumideros, etc.
  12. 12. PLASTIC DEFORMATIONA permanent deformation of a member due to loads that have been placed on a member for a given period of time.Deformación Plástica.- Es una deformación permanente de un elemento debido a cargas que han sido colocadas sobre un elemento por un periodo de tiempo determinado.
  13. 13. Deformación plástica − Diferencia entre la deformación total y la deformación elástica.4.5.3 Geometría4.5.3.1 Teoría de las Pequeñas DeformacionesSi la deformación de la estructura no origina un cambio significativo de las solicitaciones debido a un aumento de la excentricidad de las fuerzas de compresión o tracción, dichas solicitaciones secundarias se pueden ignorar.4.5.3.2 Teoría de las Grandes Deformaciones4.5.3.2.1 Requisitos GeneralesSi la deformación de la estructura origina un cambio significativo de las solicitaciones, en las ecuaciones de equilibrio se deberán considerar los efectos de la deformación.
  14. 14. PLATE GIRDERA girder with an “I” cross section composed of steel plate elements which are connected together by welds, volts, or rivets.
  15. 15. Viga de Alma Llena.- Es una viga de sección transversal “I” compuesta por elementos de planchas de acero los cuales están conectados uno al otro por medio de soldaduras, pernos, o remaches.
  16. 16. PLINTHA projecting base of a wall.Plinto.- Es la base saliente de un muro.
  17. 17. POSITIVE MOMENTA bending moment which induces compression in the top fiber of a beam and tensión in the bottom fiber.Momento Positivo.- Es un momento de flexión que produce la compresión en la fibra superior de una viga y tensión en la fibra inferior.
  18. 18. POST-TENSIONED GIRDERA prestressed concrete girder where the prestressing force is applied to the reinforcing tendons after the concrete has cured.
  19. 19. Postensado de Viga.- Es un pretensado de una viga de hormigón donde la fuerza de pretensado es aplicada al refuerzo de tendones después que el hormigón se haya curado.Tendón − Elemento de acero de alta resistencia que se utiliza para pretensar el hormigón.
  20. 20. PRECASTA concrete element which has been formed and cured prior to placement in the filed.Prefabricado.- Es un elemento que ha sido formado y curado con anterioridad a colocarlo en obra.
  21. 21. Elementos Prefabricados o Premoldeados − Elementos de hormigón colados en un lugar diferente al de su ubicación definitiva en la estructura.
  22. 22. PRELIMINARY DESIGNAn initial design which outlines the major scope of work to be done in a proyect.Diseño Preliminar.- Es el diseño inicial que da una idea general de la mayor amplitud de trabajo a ser realizado en un proyecto.
  23. 23. PRESTRESSED GIRDERA concrete girder which utilizes steel tendons that have a tensile force placed on them, thereby increasing internal compression and reducing or eliminating stresses due to tension once the beam is loaded.
  24. 24. Pretensado de una Viga.- Es una viga de hormigón que utiliza cuerdas de acero que tiene una fuerza de tracción colocada sobre ellas, aumentando así la compresión interna, y reduciendo o eliminando los esfuerzos debido a la tensión que genera la viga una vez que esta cargada.Pretensado − Método de pretensado en el cual los cables se tesan antes de colar el hormigón.

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