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National Correctional Industries Association March 2013


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Correctional and Jail Industry Professionals NCIA’s Conference

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National Correctional Industries Association March 2013

  1. 1. Entrepreneurship: Catalyst for Successful Reentry National Association Correctional Industries Bobby Clark, President Sustainable Business Ventures Corporation March 2013 Copyright 2013, Sustainable Business Ventures Corporation, Lexington, KY
  2. 2. Successful re-entry through Entrepreneurship ► For some ex-offenders, entrepreneurship offers new opportunities for successful reentry ► Reducing recidivism and empowering ex-offenders to start their own businesses to create their own jobs is a great strategy that is being well received across the US. 2
  3. 3. PEW Center Study ► In the March 2009, the PEW Center’s, One in 31, the Long Reach of American Corrections ► “The laws passed in 80s & 90s increased incarcerated pop. reached 2.3 million & 1 in 100 adults was in prison or jail.” ► “… # on probation or parole 5 million plus, up from 1.6 million just 25 years ago. 3
  4. 4. PRI Report ► Venturing Beyond the Gates: Facilitating Successful Reentry with Entrepreneurship ► “Entrepreneurship has emerged as a viable alternative to traditional employment opportunities for disadvantaged and marginalized individuals all over the world. 4
  5. 5. PRI Report While researchers agree that self-employment may not be a viable option for many individuals leaving prison, the mere fact of the exposure to entrepreneurship training can factor in successful reentry to the community. 5
  6. 6. PRI Report “For many, because entrepreneurial thinking is infused with the philosophy of empowerment, exposure to entrepreneurial training will reshape their perspective on their role in society. 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Our entrepreneur curriculum emphasizes the concept of Triple Bottom Line, which addresses people, planet and profit: 1. the impact or bottom-line of a business has on society and the community (people); 2. the impact or economic bottom-line on the environment (planet); and 3. every organization must focus on the economic bottom-line (profit). 8
  9. 9. Green Programs Managed ► Bluegrass Goes Green – Bluegrass Area Development District ► Green Entrepreneurial Leadership Institute (GEL-IN) - Lincoln Trail Area Development District ► Green Entrepreneur Program - Bluegrass Area Development District ► Green Entrepreneur Program - Southeastern Correctional Institution, Lancaster OH 9
  10. 10. Scenes from GEL-IN 10
  11. 11. Scenes from Green Entrepreneur Program 11
  12. 12. Prison Entrepreneurship Program PEP ► Headquarters: Houston ► Offices: Houston & Dallas ► Prison: Cleveland Correctional Center (GEO) ► Staff: 15 ► Volunteers: > 500 / year ► Funding: 100% Private ► Annual Audits How to Free a Prisoner 12
  13. 13. PEP Venture Capital Pitch Day
  14. 14. Program Services & Results ► Reintegration: Community of accountability and encouragement ► Transitional Housing ► Business Services  Entrepreneurship School (eSchool) & Executive mentoring  Access to financing Employment (last 24 months)  Average days to employment: 27  100% employed within 90 days of release  Average wage: $10.50 (45% above min. wage) Business Formation (since inception) Businesses started: 100+ Active today: 75 PEP Recidivism - 5% 14
  15. 15. Direct Benefits to Texans ► Texans save over $5 million on each group of 150 PEP released graduates  Represents over 300% ROI in PEP  570 released graduates earn approx. $14 million per year in wages, spending an est. $9 million per year in local economies  Released grads generate almost $4 million per year in payroll, sales and income taxes 15
  16. 16. PEP Business Plan Competition & Graduation June 10-11, 2010 16
  17. 17. Making the Case with Correctional Programs ► “Green” business and jobs are relevant to prisoner reentry ► that IDAs are important tools for personal investment in reentry ► that “green” training and IDAs complement existing training and counseling programs 17
  18. 18. Relevance of “Green” to Prisoner Reentry ► Low- and moderate-technology/skill job and business opportunities ► Apprenticeship programs complemented with ‘green’ training and certification ► Growth of prison industries prepares exoffenders for start-up business and job opportunities 18
  19. 19. Relevance of ‘Green’ to Prisoner Reentry: Low & Moderate Skills in Each Sector 19
  20. 20. Examples of Low & Moderate Skill ‘Green’ Jobs and Businesses ► Weatherization ► Building retrofit component parts ► Manufacturing ► Landscaping ► Solar panel assembly and installation ► Plumbing & electrical helpers and apprentices ► Cleaning business using environmentally friendly products 20
  21. 21. Relevance of ‘Green’ Component of Business Model to Prisoner Reentry • Job training and business planning can start in prison (classroom & actual work) • Apprenticeship programs can be complemented with ‘green’ training and certification • Community-based transition programs can align with workforce development programs • ‘Green’ job growth faster than other jobs 21
  22. 22. Range of ‘Green’ Training Programs and Technical Assistance ► Triple Bottom Line (comprehensive)  People, Planet & Profit ► Customized for individual institutions ►Training that links prison industries/training with for profit and nonprofit “green” needs 22
  23. 23. Green Job Skills Training Examples ► Skills training for growing organic vegetables grown and reduces the cost of purchases for food in the prison ► Inmates are taught benefits of composting and Vermiculture (worms) – reduces disposal costs ► Bicycle repair program donates bikes to low-income children in the community 23
  24. 24. Green Job Skills Training Examples ► Solar panel installation – cleaning & maintenance ► Cleaning prisons using environmentally friendly cleaning products (growing public consciousness for home & business) ► Training on Hydroponics/Aquaculture and Aquaponics (growing vegetables and shrimp) 24
  25. 25. Southeastern Correctional Institution – Lancaster OH ► Ohio Green Prison Project ► Roots for Success ► Green Entrepreneur Program
  26. 26. Ohio Green Prison Project Roots of Success is an empowering environmental literacy and job readiness curriculum that prepares youth and adults with barriers to employment for jobs and careers in the green economy.
  27. 27. Roots for Success Composed of 9 modules Fundamentals of Environmental Literacy Water Waste Transportation Energy Building Health, Food & Agriculture Community Organizing & Leadership Application & Practice ► New 10th module on Financial Literacy & Social Entrepreneurship
  28. 28. Scenes from Southeastern Correctional Institution 28
  29. 29. Green Entrepreneurship Course Description ► 1. Entrepreneurship Introduction and Overview ► 2. Brainstorming, Mentors, Goals, and Networking ► 3. Social Media and e-Commerce ► 4. Sustainability, Green Practices, and Environment Issues ► 5. Idea Generation and Elevator Pitches ► 6. Business Plan Basics 29
  30. 30. SCI Business Plans ► HVAC Repair ► Green Cleaning Service ► Military Parts Supplier ► GPS Chips for Kid Clothing ► Pick up Meals Service ► Technology Repair and Design Service ► Auto Repair ► Landscaping 30
  31. 31. Evergreen State College ► The Sustainability in Prisons Project is a partnership of the Washington State Department of Corrections and The Evergreen State College. 31
  32. 32. American Correctional Association Adoption of ‘Green’ Standard: August 1, 2010 ► Standard: The program shall demonstrate that it has examined, and implemented, where appropriate, strategies that promote recycling, energy and water conservation, pollution reduction and utilization of renewable energy alternatives. 32
  33. 33. RecycleForce Recycling Electronics – Recycling People RecycleForce Columbus is a social enterprise with the two-fold mission of recycling end-of-life electronics and providing employment for persons reentering the community from prison based in Ohio. Mission: “Providing a pathway for formerly incarcerated men and women to successfully re-integrate into the workforce and become responsible, tax-paying, productive community members & citizens through comprehensive environmentally sound and secure end-of-life electronics processing.”
  34. 34. Environmental & Social Justice for All Providing a pathway for hundreds of formerly incarcerated men and women to successfully re-integrate into the workforce and become responsible, tax-paying, productive community members & citizens through comprehensive environmentally sound and secure end-of-life electronics processing.
  35. 35. WE ARE MINERS ► There is as much gold in a ton of electronic waste as in 55 tons of ore. ► Copper, aluminum, plastic and steel. ► Our material will be recycled and reused in industry. The steel we recycle supports dozens of Hoosier jobs.
  36. 36. Social Enterprise 501(c)3 Non-Profit dedicated to leading, developing and implementing effective strategy to reduce recidivism; improving local and state economies and communities and the lives of hundreds of formerly incarcerated men and women and their families.
  37. 37. Transitional Employment Advantages for Workers ►Work attachment and investment ►Workplace mediation and support ►Long-term retention management services ►Emphasis on paying child support Case Management Service continues for two years after program completion
  38. 38. Economic Impact Between January 1, 2006 – December 31, 2011 Recycle Force Employees: ► Earned ► Paid Nearly $3 million in Wages More than $400,000 in Child Support ► Paid more than $650,000 in Re-Entry User Fees to Marion County Agencies ► Paid $625,000 in Federal, State and Local taxes Those Who Earn at Least $5,000 in the first six months after release have significantly lower recidivism rates.
  39. 39. U.S. Department of Labor ► Awarded 5M grant November 2011 for study of 1,000 newly released felons over 2 years ► 500 to participate in 4 month Employment and Training program with RecycleForce ► 500 in Control Group will receive “supports as usual”
  40. 40. “Work Organizes Life” ~ William Julius Wilson A person with a stable job is regardless of educational attainments is less likely to reoffend than a person who does not work after incarceration A person with a job is more likely to have children who stay in school Children do better when their parents are in their lives
  41. 41. More information Bobby Clark, President Sustainable Business Ventures PO Box 1367 Lexington, KY 40588-1367 859-227-0263 41