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Textual analysis

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Textual analysis of The truth about Magaluf

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Textual analysis

  1. 1. RobertDunn Textual analysis notes Sound As the documentarystartswe are presented withabackingsoundthat isparallel withthe imagesthatwe see inthe montage,the imagesare of the people inMagaluf partyingandhavingagood time onthe beach, the musicis parallel because itisup-beat,happyandwithahightempowhichgivesthe impressionthat there isa party atmosphere inMagaluf. Thisisdone bythe directorbecause it isstereotypicallyhow we see Magaluf,we justthinkof the party atmosphere andnotaboutthe consequencesof how excessdrinkingand partyingcan cause problemstothe communityandfor the otherholidaymakers.The directorimmediately makesus thenthinkof these consequencesbythe suddenchange inthe imageswe see andthe change in the moodof the backingsound;thisisbecause whenthe sungoesdownthe soundschange from‘happy’ musicintodownbeat and slowermusic,thischange intempomakes the moodof the documentarychange formlight-heartedtoathreateningandscarymood.Thisis parallel tothe imageswe see,one of the morgue where theyspeakaboutthe consequencesthatare scary to hearabout therefore the backingsoundis complementary, andone of the ambulances,police etc.flyingbywiththeirlightflashing,thissetsthe tone for the documentaryandletsthe audience know whattype of documentarytheyare abouttowatch. The directordoesn’talwaysuse non-diegeticsounds tosetthe moodof the documentary,theyalso emphasise diegeticsounds suchasthe sirensonthe ambulancesandpolice carswhichdrownsout the soundof the backingmusicbutalso of hernarrating,thismakesthe audience single outthe sirensandthis emphasises the effectof dangerwhichisthe tone that theywantto put across because theyare sayingitis not all partyingandplayful, andthatMagaluf hasits dangers. The soundsof the sirensiscoupledwithadrunkeninterview withaman thatis clearlyunderthe influenceof alcohol,butthe directorhas triedtomake it lookworse thanwhat itis because theyhave empathisedhow slurredthe manis speakingandputsubtitlesbeneathittomake itseemlike he istalkinginaforeign language,thisistomake it soundlike he isextremelydrunkwhichmakesthe audience thenthinkthatthe accidenthappenedonlybecauseof alcohol. The narrator, StaceyDooley,hasa regional accentwhichstereotypicallymakeshersoundworkingclassand relatively unintelligentespeciallywhenshe putsemphasisesonwordsatthe endof sentences,the effect thishas on the documentaryisthatit makesitseemyouthful anddowntoearth documentary;whichis cleverbecause of the targetaudience of the documentarybeingagedbetween 16and 26. The accent Stacey has and the stereotypesthatare coupledwithitcontrastswhat she isreadingfromthe script,thisis because it isan intelligentscriptbecause itismeanttoinformus as all documentariesare meantto,but heraccent makespeople listenbecauseshe soundslike the targetaudienceorsomeone theycanrelate to. Thisisalso to use verisimilitude,sothatthe documentaryhasa sense of realitytothe audience. Mise-en-scene Stacey Dooleydecidesthatshe will interviewsome of the holidaymakersonthe beachesof Magaluf inthe day time,althoughitdoesn’tseemitthe individual she decidestointerview isprobablycarefullychosen. Thisis because the individual iswearingnothingbutsunglasses,flipflopsandsomethingthatappearstobe a sock that covers hisgenitals,thisrevealingclothingindicatesthathe wasnot selectedatrandomandwas selectedtoprove apoint.The pointbeingthatthe people inMagaluf are totallyunreasonableandare out there to cause trouble because mostpeoplewilllookathow thisguyis dressedandfindinappropriate. This contraststhe ideathatthe audience have aboutMagaluf inthe daytime because theythinkthatitis relaxed and enjoyableandthatit isonlythe nighttime where all of the ‘partypeople’come outandcause trouble.
  2. 2. RobertDunn The clothingof StaceyDooleyisalsocarefullychosenbecause she isveryinformal andrelaxedunlike most otherdocumentarypresenterssuchasDavidAttenboroughorAnnaRichardsonwhodressveryformall y wherevertheyare presenting.The type of clothingStaceywearsissimilartothe style of the stereotypical holidaymakerinMagaluf whichisveryskimpywithshowingquitealotbut nottoo much that itis seenas unreasonable.The effectthishasonthe audience isthattheysee Staceyas one of them, as a ‘downto earth’character that theycan relate toand one whichtheylistento;thisalsobacksthe effectof heraccent as well. Whatthisdoesisgo againstthe typical conventionof adocumentary where they normallyhave amiddle tolate agedman with a formal dresscode.The reasonwhy thisis done isbecause StaceyDooleytypicallydoes documentariesforBBC3 whichas an institutionnormallyshow comicshowsor showsthat theirtargetaudience of young adultsand teenagerswill watch;therefore havinga youngpresenterthattalks,dresses and acts like theystereotypicallydothenitwill attract the targetaudience whowouldn’t normallywatchdocumentaries. Whenconductingthe interviewsthe directorhas verycleverlypositionedherandthe personbeing interviewed,the compositionof justtheminthe frame and the close upcamera shotsmake the audience focusontheirfacial expressions andbody language.The reasonwhythe directorwouldwant the audience tofocuson the bodylanguage and facial expression isbecause ittellsthe audiencewhat Staceyactuallyfeelsaboutthe subjectathand.For example inthisinterviewtheyare speakingabout the girlswhodiedbecause she fell of the balcony, but as the personbeinginterviewedistalking,the directordecidestojustshowStacey’sreactionsto whatshe issaying;this empathisesthe effectof the storybecause itisa shockingstorybutthroughcamera workand Stacey’sreactionsthe audience getsthe full effect.
  3. 3. RobertDunn Compositionisalsousedinotherwaysandto create othereffectsinthisdocumentaryfor instance whenStaceygetsajob behindabar on ‘The Strip’the directorusesa collectionof close upsof propssuch as Vodkabottles,Cocktailsetc. All of these propsare centrallycomposedandtake up mostof the screen, sothat the audience can onlyfocuson the excessiveamountof alcohol that these bars stock and sell tothe holidaymakers. The effectthatthishas is that onthe audience is that theyare shockedwhichfollowsthe mode of the addresswhichisto make themrealise how bad the situationinMagaluf is. Additionallythereisafollowupscene where Stacey istryingto make one of the cocktailsthat theyare servinginthe bar, the directorinsiststhatStacey goesthroughall of the individualingredients,which isdifferenttypesof VodkaandSchnapps,which makesthe audience focusonhowmuch she is puttinginthe cocktail.Alsothe directorusesa low angle withthe fishbowl,whichiswhattheyare pouringitinto,inthe foregroundwhichalsomakes the audience focusonitbut alsomakesthe fish bowl lookbiggerthanStaceyherself,this empathiseshowmuchalcohol the holidaymakers are influencedbyandare exposedtowhichagainshocksthe audience. Lightingisalsousedbutthiscontradictswhat the documentaryistryingto putacross because the mainof the documentaryistryingto state that itis not the holiday maker’sfaultthattheyare “partyingtoohard” and infact it isthe faultof the bars and the amountof alcohol theyare introducedto. However, when Staceydoesan interview withone of these holidaymakers theyare normallyinthe darkwithshadedfaces, thisrepresentsthemnegativelybecause we associate darkshadowsasbad,the effectonthe audience is that theyviewthe holidaymakernegatively.Onthe flipside,whenshe isinterviewingthe workersforthe local emergencyservicessuchasthe police orambulance crew,theyare alwaysinthe lightandare well lit whilsttheyare beinginterviewed,thisempathisesthe factthatholidaymakersare inthe dark and empathisesthe effectsof the differentlighting. With a holiday maker With an ambulance worker
  4. 4. RobertDunn Camerawork and editing There isa scene inthe documentarywhere Staceyischasingafterthese sex workerstodesperatelygetan interview withthem,the directorchoses toincludethe chase sequence alongwiththe shakycamera technique.Thisisbecause the effectof themrunningis empathisedbythe shakingcamerawhichadds actionto the scene,the effectthishason the audience isthattheyfeel enclosedinthe documentarywhich makesthe audience focusonhowhard the workersare tryingto avoidthe interview.Because the workers are tryingto avoidthe interviewsobadlyitmake the audience viewthemnegativelywhichiswhathe directorwantsthe audience tofeel like. Like I have mentionedbefore,the directorshowsthe facial expressionsinthe interviewsbutnotof the interviewee butof Staceywhoisreactingto the thingthat isbeingsaidby the interviewee whichisnormally quite shockinglike if somebodydied.The director makessure thatthe audience isfocusingonherreactions because theyusa selectionof components tomake sure thatherfacial expressionisthe onlythingthatthe audience canfocuson. The firstistheyus close upswhichmakeshertake up most of the frame which meansthat herfacial expressionisnearlythe onlythingthatisinthe frame.The secondisthat she is centrallycomposedmeaningthatshe isinthe middle of the frame,thismakesthe audience focusonher because theyare mostlikelytolookinthe middle of aframe rather thanthe outedgesbecause the most importantthingsare normallyplacedinthe middle. Linkingtothe othertwothe thirdisthat the director choosestouse a shotreactionshottechnique sothatwhenStaceyisinterviewingsomeonethere will be a shotof heraskingthe question,thenashotof the intervieweeansweringthe question,butassoonas the interviewee sayssomethingthatisshockingitcutsto a reactionshot of Stacey.Thisis done sothat the audience toofeelsshockedaboutthe subjectathandbecause theyare presentedwiththe interviewerbeing shocked. Shot Reaction Shot
  5. 5. RobertDunn In the scene where Staceytriestosee howbadlythe holidaymakersare actinginone of the mainhotels,the directorchosesto use a an extreme lowangle whichshowsthe holidaymakersontopof the hotel,thisshot has significancebecause the effectithason the audience initiallyistoshowhowhigh up theyare upand because theyare drunkand messingaround,itshowshoweasily somethingcouldgowrong.Butit alsoimplies that the holidaymakersare uncontrollable because theyare highinthe frame itsuggests that theyare inpoweroverthe people who are lookingupat them,whichare Staceyand the hotel worker;thissymbolisesthe restof the populationof holidaymakersbecause throughoutthe documentarytheykeepon bringingupcasesof deathssuchas the ones at the hotel. In the introductiontothe documentarythe directorusesamontage,whichislotsof differentfootageof film normallyof what’stocome inthe documentary.The montage isa keytechnique usedbythe director because itshowsthe mode of addressthat the documentaryismainlygoingtofollow,thisisbecause atthe start it isfootage of happyholidaymakershavingfuninthe daytime,butit thentakesa suddenchange in moodas the audience seesimagesof negative events.The effectthishasonthe audience isthat itimplies that the rest of the documentaryisgoingto show Magaluf in a negative lightbecausethe montage islike a short versionof howthe documentaryisgoingtobe.

Textual analysis of The truth about Magaluf

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