THE LANDCanada is the northern-most country and the second largest country in the world. It is so big that thereare .six time zones.Canada is larger than the USA, but its population is much smaller. Most Canadians live in the southespecially near the natural border formed by the five Great Lakes, which are connected to the AtlanticOcean by the St Lawrence Seaway.Canada has about 7 per cent of the worlds forests and they are mostly in the north of the country.There are prairies and rainforests and about 2 million lakes. Canada borders Alaska in the north-westand the USA in the south. It is surrounded by three oceans, the Atlantic in the east, the Arctic in thenorth and the Pacific in the west.Parts of Canada are mountainous and the Canadian Shield, an ancient rock, stretches from the Arctic tothe Great Lakes. It divides the country. The climate in Canada is varied. In the north there is intense coldwith permanent snow and ice, but the south-western region has a temperate climate.
THE NIAGARA FALLSThe Niagara Falls aresituated on the NiagaraRiver, straddling theinternational borderbetween the Canadianprovince of Ontario Skylon Tower Niagara Fallsand the U.S. state of is located in the heart ofNew York. The falls are the Niagara Falls hotel. Skylon Tower is the mostbetween the twin cities famous landmark next toof Niagara Falls, the Falls. Situated nearOntario, and Niagara the Falls, Skylon TowerFalls, New York. They offers visitors the very best in Niagara Fallsare 52 m high. attraction, fine dining and family restaurant selection as well as entertainment and discount shopping.
GOVERNMENTCanada is part of the British Commonwealth* and itis a federal state. The head of state is still the Britishmonarch, but it is the Canadian Prime Minister andhis government who govern the country.Canada is a federation of ten provinces and threeterritories.The capital city is Ottawa but the largest cities areToronto, Montreal and Vancouver. *The Commonwealth of Nations: 53 independent states make up the Commonwealth of Nations, which began on 11th December, 1931. It is not a political union and the head of the Commonwealth is Queen Elizabeth II. The Queen is also the monarch of 16 members of the Commonwealth.
Provinces andterritories1. PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND - Charlottetown2. NOVA SCOTIA – Halifax3. NEW BRUNSWICK - Fredericton4. NEW FOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR – St. John’s5. QUEBEC – Quebec city6. ONTARIO – Toronto7. MANITOBA – Winnipeg8. SASKATCHEWAN - Regina9. ALBERTA – Edmonton10. BRITISH COLUMBIA – Victoria11. YUKON – Whitehorse12. NORTHWEST TERRITORIES – Yellowknife13. NUNAVUT - Iqaluit
HISTORYThe native people of Canada came from Asia across the BeringStrait over 25,000 years ago. They were Inuit which means “realmen”. They lived in igloos and had clothes made from polarbear fur.The Vikings first visited the Atlantic coast in about 1000 AD andin 1535 a French explorer, Jacques Cartier, named the country“Canada”.In 1604 the British settled in Nova Scotia and in 1608 theFrench settled in New France and founded Quebec. There weremany battles between the French and the British, but in 1739Canada was called British North America.On 1st July, 1867 Canada became an independent nation withits own government.Today Canada has immigrants from more than 240 countries.Because both English and French settled here in the past,English and French are spoken. French is the main language inthe region called Quebec.
Origin of the name CanadaIn 1535 the French explorer Jacques Cartierheard the word "kanata". It was used to referto the site of present day Quebec City."Kanata" was a Huron-Iroquois word for"village" or "settlement“.The name "Canada" later referred to a largearea north of the St. Lawrence River. As moreland was explored, "Canada" grew. The firsttime "Canada" was used as an official namewas in 1791 when the Province of Quebec wasdivided into the colonies of Upper and LowerCanada. In 1841, the two Canadas were unitedunder one name, the “Province of Canada”. In1867, at the time of Confederation, the newcountry became known as Canada.
THE FLAGCanadian flag is a red flag with a white squarecontaining a red maple leaf in its centre. The MapleLeaf is a symbol of the historical importance ofnature in Canada. The two red bands on each sideare a symbol of Canadas motto: “From sea to sea”The official ceremony inaugurating the newCanadian flag was held on Parliament Hill inOttawa on February 15, 1965.The Canadian Red Ensign, bearing the UnionJack and the shield of the royal arms of Canada,was lowered and then, on the stroke of noon, thenew maple leaf flag was raised.The crowd sang the national anthem “O Canada”(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IBoItR59REQ&feature=related) followed by the royal anthem “God Save the Queen”."The flag is the symbol of the nations unity, for it, beyond anydoubt, represents all the citizens of Canada without distinctionof race, language, belief or opinion."
NUNAVUT is Canada’s newest territory,created in 1999 for Canada’s Inuitpopulation, it is vast and largely uninhabited.Nearly two million square kilometres in area,Nunavut is home to only 29,000 people.Nunavut means “our land” in the Inuitlanguage of Inuktitut, and the attractionshere are almost entirely land-and-sea-based.
The Inuit, the first inhabitantsof Canada, live in the vast Articterritory called “Eskimo” butthey don’t like it; they callthemselves “Inuit” that means“the People”. They speakEnglish but they preserve theirown language, Inuktitut.Inuit people are people of thesea and of the land. They areskilled hunters and fishermenand they have adapted well tonew technology. A long timeago they used kayaks and sledspulled by dogs to get aroundand arrows and stones to hunt.Today they use canoes andsnow mobiles. In the past theInuit lived in igloos or tents.Today families live in woodenprefabricated houses with allmodern comforts.
THE MAPLEThe sugar-maple forests are beautiful and the maple isthe symbol of Canada.Producers make syrup by boiling the tree sap, whichfarmers collect from maple trees in early spring. It wasfirst collected and used by the Native Americans manyyears ago and then by European settlers.The region ofQuebec is one of the largest maple syrup producers inNorthern America. Canadians put maple syrup on theirpancakes.The last Wednesday in September is Maple Leaf Day. It isa national tree planting day and the slogan is `Trees dotheir part, lets do ours Canada. Trees are very importantfor the environment and approximately 40% of Canada iscovered by forests.The national flag of Canada is also called The Maple Leaf.The maple leaf appears also on the penny (1cent).
THE BEAVERThe beaver played an important role in Canadas history. It is a symbol of thefur trade of the early days. Beaver pelts were needed for fur hats. English and French fur traders trapped manybeavers. The fur traders explored large parts of Canada and fur trading postswere built. There were six million before the start of the fur trade. The beaver was in danger of being wiped out. Atlast the demand for beaver pelts ended.The beaver officially became an emblem of Canada in 1975. The beaver appears on the nickel (5cents).
THE MOUNTIES THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICEThe Royal Canadian Mounted Police with their scarlet jackets andlarge hats are commonly called MOUNTIES. In 1920 PrimeMinister John A. MacDonald created the mounted police to findthe people who were stealing horses and the wisky smugglers onthe prairies, but now the police and their horses are famous allover the world.Today the Mounties use modern technology and jeeps, planesand snowmobiles rather than horses, but you can still seeMounties with their horses on cerimonial occasions.
Canada is a multicultural country because it is CANADAmade up of so many different peoples. A CULTURAL MOSAIC WHERE DIFFERENCESSome say that immigrants are like the DISAPPEARingredients of a stew that are mixed togetherfor a new and better flavour. Each ingredientkeeps its own flavour. Like the stew,immigrants have contributed their talents andskills to Canada and have influenced the waythey live.Just as newcomers’ suitcases have been filledwith things from their homeland, they havepersonally carried the cultures of their countrywith them. New words have been added totheir language and new foods have becomepart of Canadian diet. (souvlaki or sushi,anyone? How about an egg roll? Or some riceand beans? Or a taco? Or a croissant? Or apizza?).Culture also includes way of celebrating,religious beliefs and rituals, music, art, ways ofdressing -even ways of thinking. Today as inthe past, newcomers build on their pasts tocreate their futures.
Taken from: http://www.canadaimmigrants.com/statistics.asp
Taken from: http://www.canadaimmigrants.com/statistics.asp