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4 S2014 Henry V

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Henry V and reconquest of French territory in the Hundred Years War.

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4 S2014 Henry V

  1. 1. Henry V Aims ‘to promote the honour of God, the extension of the Church, the deliverance of his country and the peace and tranquility of kingdoms’
  2. 2. Henry V Dr. Jennifer Paxton
  3. 3. Henry V and Religion • Founded Syon Abbey (Bridgettine) • Founded Sheen Priory (Carthusians) • Dissolved ~90 small “alien priories” (with allegiance to Avignon) • Active promotion of Council of Constance
  4. 4. Domestic Tranquility • 1414 Safe Conduct Act - Treason to break a truce of royal promise of safe conduct • 1415 Treason Act – Included clipping coins • Worked with Council • Effective promotion
  5. 5. Lancasters and Yorks
  6. 6. France 1388
  7. 7. Events in France 1402 Charles VI gives Queen Isabeau of Bavaria and his Council authority in his absence 1404 Isabella, widow of Richard II marries Charles of Orleans 1409 Louis of Orleans assassinated on orders of John the Fearless of Burgundy Jean Petit writes justification of assassination
  8. 8. Dauphins • Charles (1386) • Charles of Guyenne (1392-1401) • Louis of Guyenne (1397-1415) • John of Touraine (1398-1417) • Charles (1403-1461) – 1422 King Charles VII
  9. 9. England and France 1412 Henry IV forms an alliance with the dukes of Orléans, Berry, and Bourbon Armagnacs promise support to King Charles against the English Thomas, duke of Clarence invades France but does not get French support Intrigues of Armagnacs and Burgundy 1414 Charles VI gives Louis of Guyenne authority
  10. 10. 1415 Campaign
  11. 11. 1415 France 1422
  12. 12. Noble Prisoners in England John, duke of Bourbon Charles, duke of Orléans
  13. 13. 1420 Treaty of Troyes • Marriage of Henry V and Catherine de Valois (1401-1437), younger sister of Isabella • Inheritance given to Henry V and his heirs • Kingdoms of England and France under one king • Disinheritance of dauphin, Charles
  14. 14. Treaty of Troyes
  15. 15. Transport 1415 • Cinque Ports ( Hastings, New Romney, Hythe, Dover, Sandwich) called upon to supply ships • Trinity Royale, flagship, 540 tons, 300 crew • Other coastal towns provide merchant ships • Ships over 20 tons at London ordered to assemble at Southampton • Construction at Southampton
  16. 16. Starting a Navy • 1416 Begin Grace Dieu – Valentine, Falcon • Launched 1420 – mutiny • Show ship on the Hamble • Burnt 1439
  17. 17. 15th century carracks • Grace Dieu 1400 tons, 66 m long • Santa Maria 100 tons, 18 m
  18. 18. Artist’s Reconstruction View – Grace DIeu
  19. 19. Armament _ Early 15th Century • Grace Dieu 4 guns • Trinity Royale (1416) 5 guns • Holigost (1416) – 7 cannons, 14 bows, 91 sheaves of arrows, 6 crossbows, 3 pole-axes and 27 bascinets (helmets). • Holy Ghost of the Tower 2 cannon in 1416, increased to 6 in 1422
  20. 20. Technological changes in weaponry • Swivel mount • Increased size • Breach loading of both ball and powder • Removable, interchangeable chambers • Hand-held gunpowder weapons
  21. 21. Ship – reign of Richard II
  22. 22. English ship – late 15th century
  23. 23. 15th Century Naval Battle -cannon
  24. 24. Defending with gunpowder weapons Add to existing structure 1365 Quarry Abbey, Isle of Wight Purpose built 1398 Cow Tower, Norwich 1417 God’s House Tower, Southampton
  25. 25. Cow Tower
  26. 26. God’s Head Tower, Southhampton
  27. 27. Letter from Henry V to Thomas Beaufort, duke of Exeter

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