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2. F2012 Culture in Post Roman Britain housing writing


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House styles in early Anglo-Saxon period. Writing systems - runes, ogham

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2. F2012 Culture in Post Roman Britain housing writing

  1. 1. Cultures of Post-Roman Britain Roman, British, Irish, ‘Anglo-Saxon’ Housing Language
  2. 2. Why Did They Come?• Mineral resources• Roman luxuries• Roman plantations• Power• Agricultural land• The Huns made me do it
  3. 3. Cultures of Post-Roman Britain Questions• How can we distinguish the different cultures?• What changes are taking place. How? – The Anglo-Saxon culture is adopted in part by most of the inhabitants of eastern England – Anglo-Saxon groups grow in strength and become more socially differentiated. – Regional powers develop
  4. 4. British houses
  5. 5. Anglo-SaxonPost holes „Hall”
  6. 6. Grubenhaus
  7. 7. Writing systems• Roman – Latin based languages• Ogham – Celtic languages• Futhark – Germanic languages
  8. 8. Ogham• Invented script, modeled on Roman• Before 400• 20 basic characters• Represents sounds of “Primitive Irish”• Later adapted to Norse, Pictish?• Primarily markers and memorial stones
  9. 9. Ogham „Alphabet‟
  10. 10. Silchester
  11. 11. Two Ogham/Latin Stones Nevern, Pembrokeshire, Wales
  12. 12. Orkney Spindle BENDDACT ANIM L A blessing on the soul of L.
  13. 13. Changing Language - ScenariosLatin loanwords in Irish• Roman period Scotti• Patrick• Gaul after Patrick• Interaction of Irish and British churches
  14. 14. Loanwords - Church ScotsLatin Old Irish Manx English Gaelicecclesia eclais eaglais agglish churchanima -- anam annym soulbenedictio beannacht beannachd bannaght blessingcredo -- creid credjal believepeccatum peaca peacadh peccah sinargentum airgiod airgead -- moneylego -- leugh lhaih readliber -- leabhar lioar book
  15. 15. Anglo-Saxon to Modern English• How do you pronounce this?
  16. 16. Anglo-Saxon FuthorcRobertson, John S. “How the Germanic Futhark Came fromthe Roman Alphabet.” Futhark: International Journal ofRunic Studies 2 (2011, publ. 2012), 7–25.
  17. 17. Anglo-Saxon Futhorc Seax (knife) British Museum
  18. 18. Proposed Evolution of Written Language