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Rear Admiral (Retired) Rapp looks at the role of LVC training

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In a presentation to a Williams Foundation seminar on August 10, 2016, Rear Admiral (Retired) James Rapp looked at the evolving and expanding role of LVC training.

The Williams Foundation has held a seminar on new approaches to air-sea integration on August 10, 2016 in Canberra, Australia.

The Royal Australian Navy has had the ability to network and share situational awareness amongst the fleet for many years and the P-3s has been the only RAAF platform capable of being part of that network. The RAAF’s journey of networking its capability journey started more recently with the Hornet Upgrade Program and has accelerated with the introduction of capabilities like Wedgetail and Vigilaire. All of the RAAF’s fleet is now capable of linking into and contributing to an Air Layer of the Joint Battle management system.

With the advent of 5th Generation capabilities like the JSF and the new combat systems on the AWD as well as the design and development of the new combat systems for the Australia’s future frigates, Offshore Patrol vessels and Submarines, the ADF has a unique opportunity to influence and design in an unprecedented level of integration into the RAN’s and RAAF’s new platforms. That unprecedented level of integration should drive new thinking on the integration of air and sea power effects. The seminar is about examining the challenges and possibilities of the combat power in that future integrated force.

Air Force and Navy need to not only remediate existing deficiencies but take advantage of the transformative nature of fifth generation technology. The seminar aims to explore the art of the possible in future Air-Sea operations.

http://www.williamsfoundation.org.au/event-2230289



Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Rear Admiral (Retired) Rapp looks at the role of LVC training

  1. 1. LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS THE WILLIAMS FOUNDATION, CANBERRA REAR ADMIRAL JAMES RAPP CB SENIOR NAVAL ADVISOR, CAE 1 10th August 2016
  2. 2. LIVE – VIRTUAL – CONSTRUCTIVE TRAINING TERMS ► Live (L) - real people operating real systems ► Virtual (V) - real people operating simulated systems ► Constructive (C) - simulated participants operating simulated systems ►LVC Integration - different types of simulation connected together LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 2 LVC integration brings the benefits of simulation to traditional ‘live’ training
  3. 3. LIVE – VIRTUAL – CONSTRUCTIVE INTEGRATION LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 3 Enhanced & affordable Readiness
  4. 4. NAVAL TRAINING CONTINUUM LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 4 Graduated Team Training - starting with the Individual
  5. 5. WHY PURSUE LVC TRAINING FOR AIR-SEA INTEGRATION? ► Expense of using live assets ► Safety & security protocols impinge on realism ► Restricted end-to-end training ► EW environment limited by proximity to land & other ships ► High end adversaries hard to simulate with live assets ► Difficulty of assembling relevant force mass LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 5 Growing Importance of Virtual and Constructive Training
  6. 6. SYNTHETIC TRAINING CHALLENGES FOR NAVIES ► Cultural – primacy of ‘Sea Training’ ► Embedded ‘training’ systems – often not fully exploited ► Complexity - multi-faceted nature of most naval scenarios ► Security Restrictions – sharing of data, who and how ► Achieving the necessary fidelity ► Technology - latency, bandwidth, common communication protocols ► Live / Synthetic Blend LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 6 ‘Spending to Save’ – but challenge of upfront Investment
  7. 7. BENEFITS OF LIVE - VIRTUAL - CONSTRUCTIVE TRAINING ► Reduced cost ► More realistic training ► On demand scenarios ► Realistic C2 and mission rehearsal ► Full employment of weapon systems ► Secure mission training LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 7 Affordable Readiness
  8. 8. KEY ISSUES FOR 5TH GENERATION AIRCRAFT ► Security  Cross-domain  Managing different security levels  Integrity within Training Solution ► Satisfying 5th Gen aircraft capabilities  Number of targets ► Interoperability constraints ► Training Areas - Airspace ► EMCON  Training / Operational modes LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 8 Security constraints are the greatest challenge to integration
  9. 9. OTHER SYNTHETIC TRAINING CHALLENGES ► White Force resourcing ► Accommodating LVC Training alongside real world tasking  Real world tasking constraints ► Ensuring sufficient realism from synthetic training in ships’ CICs ► Achieving a common After Action Review process LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 9 LVC offers real value with a well considered Training Concept
  10. 10. LVC TRAINING CONSTRUCT LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 10 LIVE VIRTUAL CONSTRUCTIVE An Integrated Training Solution Approach Operational Requirement Training Concept Technical Solution Exercise Design After Action Review Operational Schedule
  11. 11. LVC TRAINING CONSTRUCT LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 11 LIVE VIRTUAL CONSTRUCTIVE An Integrated Training Solution Approach Operational Requirement Training Concept Technical Solution Exercise Design After Action Review Operational Schedule Military Military & Industry Industry Military & Industry Military & Industry Military
  12. 12. MILITARY LED / INDUSTRY ENABLED ► Single point of accountability (industry) ► Industry capital (reduced risk for military) ► Military sets standards ► Industry manages services ► Military pays for services ► 3rd Party Revenue opportunities LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 12 Outcome: Affordable and Accountable LVC Training
  13. 13. LVC TRAINING SOLUTION – A CURRENT NAVAL EXAMPLE LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 13
  14. 14. NAVY TRAINING SYSTEM FOR THE UAE NAVY ► CAE is delivering an Advanced Naval Training and Mission Rehearsal System for the UAE Navy ► Individual, Team, Collective and Joint Training ► Design, build and operate a comprehensive Naval Training System to increase fleet operational readiness – In service / Future Ships ► Main training centre, 5 distributed sites, ships alongside & at sea ► Reconfigurable Simulators for  17 Ship types – Combatants, Minor Combatants, Auxiliaries  2 Helicopter types – Sensor System Stations  MPA – Combat System Stations  UAV  Land System – Naval Gunfire Support LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 14 Reconfigurable, Flexible, Scalable, Distributed
  15. 15. SYSTEM ELEMENTS FOR THE UAE NAVY LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 15 Single Training Systems Provider
  16. 16. TSI PARTNERSHIP - BENEFITS ► Force Multiplier – Free up operational assets ► Lower Cost ► Single Point of Accountability ► Financing Flexibility ► Training Agility ► Reduce Training Risk ► Free Up Military Support Personnel for Operations LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 16 Industry TSI: Delivering Affordable and Accountable Training
  17. 17. CAE - GLOBAL PRESENCE LVC TRAINING TO ENHANCE OPERATIONAL READINESS 17

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