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UNCLASSIFIED
Marine Aviation
Digital Interoperability
Update
June 2014
Col Orr - VMX-22
Maj Hoewing - APW-74
AAW/EW/ISR	
  
LHA/LHD	
  
FA-­‐18	
  
Direct	
  Air	
  Support	
  
Center	
  (DASC)	
  
Tac:cal	
  Air	
  Opera:ons	
  	
...
3	
  
INTEGRATION	
  
INNOVATION	
  
EXPERIMENTATION	
  
InnovaJon	
  
•  Government	
  Labs	
  /	
  
Industry	
  Partners...
UNCLASSIFIED
PlaZorm	
  Requirements	
  and	
  Programs	
  
•  Four	
  platform	
  requirements	
  for	
  Digital	
  Inter...
UNCLASSIFIED
MV-22 Gateway
Digital Interoperability
5
SRP	
  SPIRAL	
  2	
  	
  
23.00”	
  Long	
  
5.95”	
  High	
  
9.00...
RQ-­‐21	
  GCS	
  
TACC	
  
KC-­‐130J	
  
COMMAND LINK
VMF/CNR
COMMON DATA
LINK (CDL)
COLLABORATION
LINK
MV-­‐22	
  
RQ-­‐...
SATCOM
TTNT
VOICE
ANW2
MV-­‐22	
  
Gateway	
  
Airborne	
  
FiST	
  
BLOS	
  C2	
  
via	
  SATCOM	
  
Long	
  Range	
  Rai...
UNCLASSIFIED
AV-8B Integration
Digital Interoperability
TACDEMO Demonstrated Capability
•  Integrated Link-16 into AV-8B c...
UNCLASSIFIED
Tablets
Digital Interoperability
TACDEMO Demonstrated Capability
•  Conducted Digitally Aided Close Air Suppo...
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Shaping 21st Century Operational Capabilities: Enabling the Assault Force with Dynamic Situational Awareness

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In a recent presentation at the Air Force Association, Col. Michael Orr, the CO of VMX-22, provided a look at how the USMC is shaping its combat cloud approach for the MAGTF. At the heart of the approach is working the following challenge:

“We are pushing big picture CAOC-type information down to secure laptops or secure tablets in the back of a tactical aircraft en route to an objective area.”

Based on his recent experiences in working with the Infantry Officer’s Course and with Marine Aviation Weapons and Tactics Squadron or MAWTS-1, Col. Orr discussed the USMC approach to shaping what might be called the combat cloud for the air-ground team.

Col. Orr underscored that for the USMC digital interoperability was about empowering warfighters. He argued that the experience of pilots in having significant connectivity and situational awareness was not the same as what the ground combat element or GCE in the USMC was experiencing.

He described this as a split between the haves and the have-nots. In the air combat world, pilots and air controllers have seen significant gains in connectivity and ISR. For many of the ground troops they were operating in virtually Vietnam era conditions with radio coms as the key link.

The Marines have been changing dramatically key aspects of how they insert force, notably around the Osprey. With a rotorcraft, the ground forces and commanders get on the helo and arrive within the hour at the objective area. In an air-refuelable Osprey, the ground forces and commander might spend several hours in the back before reaching the objective area; and obviously, not being informed and able to do mission planning in route is unacceptable. Whatever gains one might get with speed and range will be lost without enhanced C2 and ISR enabling the GCE in flight to the objective area.

“Our passion right now is taking all of the airborne sensors and off board that tactical information to a warfighter in the back of that Osprey whether it’s an air mission commander, or whether it’s a ground force assault commander, bringing that sensor-based information to him so he can make smart and intelligent decisions en route.”

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Shaping 21st Century Operational Capabilities: Enabling the Assault Force with Dynamic Situational Awareness

  1. 1. UNCLASSIFIED Marine Aviation Digital Interoperability Update June 2014 Col Orr - VMX-22 Maj Hoewing - APW-74
  2. 2. AAW/EW/ISR   LHA/LHD   FA-­‐18   Direct  Air  Support   Center  (DASC)   Tac:cal  Air  Opera:ons     Center  (TAOC)   TACP   EA-­‐6B   ATNAVICS  Det   Unmanned  COC   (VMU)   Tac:cal  Air  Command     Center  (TACC)   LINK16 JREAP BFT VMF/CNR FMV CTN • Link-­‐16  is  the  Radio  Frequency  component  of    MIL-­‐STD  6016  and  is  generally  associated  with  MIDS  radios.   • Joint  Range  Extension  Applica:on  Protocol  (JREAP)  is  a  fixed  format  derivaJve  of  MIL-­‐STD  6016.  It  allows  the  user  the  ability  to   use  Combat  Network  Radios,  Internet,  and  Satellite  to  share  any  type  of  6016  informaJon  directly  with  other  users.   • Variable  Message  Format  (VMF)  or  MIL-­‐STD  6017  is  a  derivaJve  of    MIL-­‐STD  6016.  It  allows  the  user  to  define  tacJcal  message   structure  and  the  ability  to  use  Combat  Network  Radios  to  share  basic  tacJcal  data  (posiJon  and  text)  point-­‐to-­‐point.     • Blue  Force  Tracker  (BFT)  uses  the  VMF  protocol  via  stand  alone  proprietary  satellite  link  to  share  situaJonal  awareness  and  text.   • Full  Mo:on  Video  (FMV)  provides  omni-­‐direcJonal  video  outputs  to  in  band  receivers  in  the  air  and  on  the  ground.   • Composite  Tracking  Network  (CTN)  allows  radars  to  share  sensor  data  to  refine  the  air  porJon  of  the  Common  TacJcal  Picture.   BFT/JBCP Network AH-­‐1W   AH-­‐1Z   UH-­‐1Y   CH-­‐53E   RQ-­‐7B   MV-­‐22   RGT  COC   RF L-16 CTN   Node   OAS/AS/ISR   2013   LAAD   FA-­‐18   KC-­‐130HH   AV-­‐8B   MK-­‐142  UHF  LOS   PRC-­‐117G   PRC-­‐117G   TCDL   KC-­‐130J   OV-­‐1  MAGTF  Connec:vity  
  3. 3. 3   INTEGRATION   INNOVATION   EXPERIMENTATION   InnovaJon   •  Government  Labs  /   Industry  Partners   •  Sensor  Fusion   –  A  comprehensive   picture  represenJng   the  enJrety  of  the   electromagneJc   spectrum  and   combined  tacJcal   pictures       ExperimentaJon   •  MAWTS-­‐1  /  VMX-­‐22  /   MCWL  /  VWC   •  Payload  Control   –  Distributed   reconfiguraJon  and   control  of  payloads  over   the  network     •  Tablets   –  Aircrew  and  Troop   Commander  situaJonal   awareness  tools       Digital  exchange  between  networked  sensors  providing  a  comprehensive  tacJcal   picture  enabling  distributed  operaJons  and  increased  operaJonal  tempo     Warfigh'ng  Capability  Con'nuum  
  4. 4. UNCLASSIFIED PlaZorm  Requirements  and  Programs   •  Four  platform  requirements  for  Digital  Interoperability     •  Bottom  line:  Integrate  existing  systems  to  develop  new  capability     Platform  Requirement   Sensor     Programs:   -­‐APR-­‐39D(V)2   -­‐JATAS   -­‐DoN  LAIRCM   -­‐ATW   -­‐LITENING  Pod   -­‐UAS  Sensors   -­‐RF  Tracking  Systems   -­‐ELINT/SIGINT   Payloads   -­‐Defensive  Weapon   System  (DWS)       Platform  Requirement   Processor     Programs:   -­‐APR-­‐39D(V)2   -­‐JATAS   -­‐Inherent  Platform   Mission  Computers     -­‐Non-­‐integrated  bus   monitoring  processor   -­‐JRE   -­‐CAC2S   -­‐Mini  AIS           Platform  Requirement   Interface     Programs:   -­‐EKB  (iPad  vs  Android)   -­‐SMFCD   -­‐BFT  EDM   -­‐Inherent  Platform   Cockpit  Displays   -­‐Troop  Commander   Workstation   -­‐Tough  Book  Laptops             Platform  Requirement   Radio   (Network/Waveform)   Programs:   -­‐ARC-­‐210   -­‐SRP   -­‐SATCOM   -­‐QNT  200/QNT  200C   -­‐VORTEX  System   -­‐TTNT  6.9   -­‐TTNT  7.0   -­‐ANW2   -­‐Link-­‐16   -­‐Wi-­‐Fi   -­‐SRW   -­‐PRC-­‐117G    
  5. 5. UNCLASSIFIED MV-22 Gateway Digital Interoperability 5 SRP  SPIRAL  2     23.00”  Long   5.95”  High   9.00”  Wide     Mass:  33.66  Lb.   TACDEMO Demonstrated Capability •  Gateway functionality (message translations), threat off-boarding, FMV on-boarding and off-boarding Developmental Program •  Software reprogrammable Payload (SRP)- software defined radio –  Rapid Development Capability program scheduled for test and evaluation in fall of CY 15
  6. 6. RQ-­‐21  GCS   TACC   KC-­‐130J   COMMAND LINK VMF/CNR COMMON DATA LINK (CDL) COLLABORATION LINK MV-­‐22   RQ-­‐21   Cyber/EW   Coordina:on  Cell   (CEWCC)   AV-­‐8B   A  Digitally  Interoperable  MAGTF   JTAC   RADBN   TPS-­‐80   Group  4/5   FA-­‐18   Cyber  Effects   EW  Effects   FMV   EW  Effects   FMV   MV-­‐22   AH-­‐1Z  
  7. 7. SATCOM TTNT VOICE ANW2 MV-­‐22   Gateway   Airborne   FiST   BLOS  C2   via  SATCOM   Long  Range  Raid  Benefits     • Full  MoJon  Video  from  AV-­‐8B  Litening  Pod  to  the  Air  Mission  Commander  on  a  tablet   • C2  reach  back  enabled  by  SATCOM  connecJvity  from  AMC  aircra]  to  the  Wing   OperaJons  Center  (WOC)   • SJll  imagery  and  text  chat  transmi^ed  to  a  tablet  on  a  local  network  between  assault   package  and  C2  aircra]   The  Next  Step   • Integrated  collaboraJve  planning  applicaJons  on  12  tablets  in  each  aircra]   • FMV  to  each  aircra]  in  the  assault  package   AV-­‐8B  /  UAS   MV-­‐22   MV-­‐22   MV-­‐22   MV-­‐22   FMV   MV-­‐22   Gateway   AMC   Talon  Reach  Long  Range  Raid  
  8. 8. UNCLASSIFIED AV-8B Integration Digital Interoperability TACDEMO Demonstrated Capability •  Integrated Link-16 into AV-8B cockpit displays •  Continued Pilot Vehicle Interface upgrades •  Conducted Digitally Aided Close Air Support (DACAS) with an AV-8B using a tablet Developmental Programs •  Litening Pod Upgrades –  Advanced Data Link Lowest Replaceable Unit (ADL-LRU) Litening Pod •  Tactical Targeting Networking Technology –  Network Tactical (NET-T) Litening Pod •  Common Data Link Waveform –  Merge of capabilities into single pod •  Link-16 Integration –  Exploring small form factor solutions or Software Reprogrammable Payload 8
  9. 9. UNCLASSIFIED Tablets Digital Interoperability TACDEMO Demonstrated Capability •  Conducted Digitally Aided Close Air Support (DACAS) with an AV-8B using KILSWITCH application on a tablet •  Conducted radio frequency identification (RFID) •  Viewed the DoN Large Aircraft Infrared Countermeasure (DIRCM) system full motion video on-board the CH-53E and transmitted the video to a tablet on an MV-22 Developmental Program •  The Electronic Kneeboard (EKB) and Electronic Flight Bag (EFB) continues to develop in flight applications but focus is now on tactical applications •  Attempting to consolidate funding from MARCORSYSCOM and NAVAIR into PMA-281 to continue development and distribution of tactical applications 9

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