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Lt. General (retired) Davis on Electronic Warfare


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On August 23, 2017, the Williams Foundation held a seminar on the future of electronic warfare. With the introduction of the Growler, this has provided a natural hook into the broader discussion of the evolving payloads, which need to be part of an integrated 21st century combat force.

One of the speakers at the seminar was Lt. General (Retired) Davis and his presentation slides from the conference are published here.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Lt. General (retired) Davis on Electronic Warfare

  1. 1. Distributed Electronic Warfare
 August 2017 LtGen Jon Davis USMC (Ret)
  2. 2. MAGTF EW 2 ➢ Provide current overview of Marine Corps Electronic Warfare: ❑ EW Centric Platform Strategy ❑ Platform Agnostic Strategy ❑ MAGTF (air, land, sea, cyberspace) Spectrum Operations Graphic ❑ Intrepid Tiger II ❑ Intrepid Tiger II Payload Strategy ❑ Software Reprogrammable Payload SRP) ❑ F-35 ❑ MUX UAS ❑ Wrap Up Purpose UNCLASSIFIED
  3. 3. MAGTF EW Recent Past / Near Future Sundown The Joint Tactical AEA Requirement VMAQ Status ▪ The Joint TacAir AEA mission FY19+ Navy EA-18G only ▪ Capacity ▪ EA-6B POR: 128, EA-18G POR: 160 ▪ Capability ▪ EA-6B and EA-18G both use ALQ-218 receivers and ALQ-99 EA pods ▪ Next Gen Jammer will replace ALQ-99 for EA-18G over time ▪ Marine Aviation has fielded and will continue to develop AEA capabilities that are organic to the MAGTF. ▪ F-35 ▪ Intrepid Tiger II (IT II) ▪ Future: MAGTF Expeditionary UAS (MUX) ▪ EA-6B sundown began FY16 ▪ VMAQT-1 (Deactivated 27 May 2016) ▪ VMAQ-4: FY17 (Deactivated 30 June 2017) ▪ VMAQ-3: FY18 (Begin deactivation 1 Oct 2017) ▪ VMAQ-2: FY19 ▪ Transition opportunities for EA-6B personnel ▪ (38) aircrew selected for transition / conversion / UAS accession (FY11-FY17) ▪ Ongoing transition board opportunities in FY18 and for foreseeable future ▪ VMAQ-4 final deployment completed Oct 2016 ▪ VMAQ-3 final deployment currently underway ▪ Final EA-6B deployment: ▪ VMAQ-2 (FY18) ▪ Takeaway: ▪ In three months there will only be one operational EA-6B squadron remaining; in 15 months there will be no operational EA-6B squadrons for tasking. 3UNCLASSIFIED
  4. 4. MAGTF EW UNCLASSIFIED MAGTF Spectrum Operations Operational Concept Graphic Communications Attack Signal Exploitation & Electronic Attack Force Protection CREW Spectrum Surveillance Communications Attack LFOC IWCC Maneuver Element IT II Block X Radar & Communications Attack Information Warfare Coordination Cell (IWCC) Suppression of Enemy Air Defense Airborne Relay Communications Attack “MAGTF EW transitions the Marine Corps from a focus on low density/high-demand EW platforms, to a distributed, platform-agnostic strategy – where every platform contributes/ functions as a sensor, shooter and sharer – to include EW. Under MAGTF EW the Marine Corps is leveraging emerging technologies and integrating multiple platforms, payloads, nodes, and capabilities to provide commanders with an organic and persistent air and ground EW capability.” 4
  5. 5. MAGTF EW Intrepid Tiger II (V)1 Intrepid Tiger II ▪ Electronic Warfare pod providing organic Communications Electronic Attack (EA) for the MAGTF ▪ Platform agnostic, non-propriety, utilizes existing platform interfaces (no OFP changes) ▪ Fielded on AV-8B, F/A-18A-D ▪ (20+) completed deployments ▪ Continuous MEU deployments ▪ 305 pounds, 141” x 10” 5 Intrepid Tiger II (V)3 ▪ Increased frequency range and added direction finding (DF) capability ▪ Fielding on UH-1Y (Future: AH-1Z) ▪ AH-1Z integration and test in FY21-24 (POM-20 request) ▪ Initial MEU deployment FY16, second MEU deployment complete, third deployment begins 4QFY17. ▪ UH-1Y IOT&E 1Q-2QFY18 ▪ 283 pounds, 108” x 8” UNCLASSIFIED
  6. 6. MAGTF EW Intrepid Tiger II (Cont.) 6 Intrepid Tiger II (V)”4” ▪ Payload under IT II family of systems for RQ-21A ▪ EW payload capable of conducting, supporting, and coordinating Communications Electronic Attack and Electronic Warfare Support. ▪ IT II (V)”4” nomenclature pre-decisional (CPD in draft) ▪ Payload production FY21-23 UNCLASSIFIED Intrepid Tiger II Block X ▪ Block X ECP for (V)1 develops Counter-Radar EA ▪ Funded: MV-22B, AV-8B, F/A-18A-D ▪ Priority Block X Platform: MV-22B, payload production FY20-23 ▪ Block X form factor will be designed as both a pod and as a payload ▪ Pod: AV-8B, F/A-18A-D ▪ Payload: MV-22B
  7. 7. MAGTF EW FY22 FY23 FY24FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 FY21 Communications EA Platform IT II Pod/Payload Production & Integration 7 Radar + Communications EA (Block X) Fielding and/or Funding Pre- decisional # Total FY Inventory Objective per T/M/S 26 IT II Payload Strategy FY25 FY26 FY27 FY28 FY29 FY30+ 16 3 7 12 22 34 46 56 3 4 11 20 31 42 29 25 19 8 0 6 4 25 21 16 8 4 04 8 8 UNCLASSIFIED 13 28 Note: AH-1Z and UH-1Y will share inventory and employ same IT II form factor. IT-II / AH-1Z Integration is a POM-20 Request
  8. 8. MAGTF EW SOFTWARE REPROGRAMMABLE PAYLOAD (SRP) Developed by Navy Research Lab, Software Reprogrammable Payload (SRP) is an open- architecture, government-owned reference design for a flexible, in-operational reconfigurable software radio designed to be a key enabler of digital connectivity between USMC air and ground forces with dissimilar protocols SRP increment 1 is flying in support of joint missions today SRP increment 2 designed by USMC to incorporate four widely used waveforms: ANW2 supports GCE TTNT supports IWCC LINK-16 supports air control CDL supports full motion video Enables use of all four waveforms simultaneously with three additional available channels SRP allows upgrade to comm and network capability without having to integrate a new box on the platform 8 Leading Edge Technologies • SOA • FPGAs • Highly Integrated RF Devices • Advanced computational devices • COTS Media Processors • Miniaturized Hi-Q Filters • Embedded encryption • Advanced Cyber security and AT • Classification at multiple security levels
  9. 9. MAGTF EW USMC F-35 • 420 aircraft • 353 Bs • 67 Cs
 • 20 front line squadrons • 50 year jet at the beginning of its life 9
  10. 10. MAGTF EW MUX UAS • Sea base-able • Multi-sensor • EW • C4 bridge • AAW • OAS • Resupply 10
  11. 11. MAGTF EW The Reason Why… “The true role of infantry was not to extend itself upon heroic physical effort, not to whither away under merciless machine gun fire, not to impale itself upon hostile bayonets, but on the contrary, to advance under the maximum possible array of mechanical resources, in the form of guns, …tanks, mortars and aircraft; to advance with as little impediment as possible; to be relieved as far as possible of the obligation to fight their way forward.” 11