Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Reputation and risk online:Sexts, derps & rock ‘n’ troll                                      MAC309                robert...
Overview Risk Reputation Facebook and privacy Revenge porn
Risk-based society ‘concerned no longer exclusively with  making nature useful, or with releasing  mankind from tradition...
Risk today? ‘any activity is subject to recording and broadcast’    Zittrain, 2008: 210
5
Lindsay’s P45                6
Public ridicule and reputations Original http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=HPPj6viIBmU Remix http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=m...
(Celebrity) sex tapes Accidental? Deliberate? Harmful? Reputation?
Dirty PictureTaio Cruz feat. Ke$ha                 9
Facebook and privacy More popular than the BBC (Warman, 2008) Keele University incident (Williams, 2007) Employers vett...
You are what you post? “You have one identity. […] The days of you having a different   image for your co-workers and for...
The Internet, privacy & risk ‘online risks may arise from their very   confidence that they can know, judge and   trust t...
Facebook’s “News Feed” “The tech world has a tendency to view the concept of  ‘private’ as a single bit that is either 0 ...
Facebook’s privacy (d)evolution                                  Image: Matt M                 14
Facebook’s privacy (d)evolution                                  Image: Matt M                 15
Facebook’s privacy (d)evolution                                  Image: Matt M                 16
Facebook’s privacy (d)evolution                                  Image: Matt M                 17
Facebook’s privacy (d)evolution                                  Image: Matt M                 18
Facebook’s privacy (d)evolution                 19
Facebook’s privacy (d)evolution                                  Image: Matt M                 20
Privacy is a luxury? “what renders privacy a luxury commodity is that obtaining it  implies a level of computer literacy ...
Cyberbullying, trolling, flaming…                 22
Flaming e-bile                 23
Flaming e-bile Shut the fuck up you fucking ugly OLD wowser  cunt. You need a good stiff cock shoved down your  throat if...
Flaming e-bile I hope you get raped in your *sshole and eyeballs  until you bleed to death.     (Post on MoFo Politics [...
Flaming e-bile    ‘the extravagant invective, the sexualized threats of     violence, and the recreational nastiness that...
Flaming e-bile    ‘Toxic and often markedly misogynist e-bile no longer     oozes only in the darkest digestive folds of ...
The internet…  A place where “even the   meekest of people” have   become “ground-shaking   titans” who “crusade and burn...
Trolling ‘The culture of sadism on-line . . . has gone   mainstream. The common term “lulz” … refers to   the gratificati...
Anita Sarkeesian                   30
31
The "Beat Up Anita Sarkeesian" game                   32
33
34
35
36
37
Sean Duffy             38
39
Creepshots             40
Violentacrez aka Michael Brutsch                41
Creepshots             42
43
American teen sext 4% of cell-owning teens ages 12-17 have  sent nude or nearly nude images or videos of  themselves to s...
3 scenarios1.   Exchanges of images solely between two     romantic partners2.   Exchanges between partners that are then ...
Sexting: Jesse Logan Sent nude pictures of herself to her  boyfriend When they split he sent them round  school Labeled...
Risk and harm Reaction against moral panics Internet as central to identity formation Risk as regular occurrence Harm ...
Risk and harm Analysis of European kids in 25 European  countries Survey of 25,000 internet-using children aged  9-16 A...
European teen sext 3% of 11-16 y/o had sent or posted sexual  messages on the internet 15% had seen or received them   ...
Girlfriend revenge sites                  50
Texxxan.com              51
Is Anyone Up? 2010 Founded by Hunter Moore Earned $10,000 per month Pornographic submission site Subject to FBI inves...
53
54
Summary New media = new risks? Reputation and commerce - Amazon, eBay, etc (Zittrain,  2008: 218) Applicable to social ...
Dangers Networked communication brings with it new risks Trust and authority can be hard to maintain Sites with persist...
Questions to consider: To what extent do you dis/agree with the notion that  networked technologies are a fundamental par...
Sources   Guy Adams (2008), ‘Couple sue McDonalds over nude photos’, The Independent,   http://www.independent.co.uk/news...
Anita Sarkeesian                   59
Anita Sarkeesian                   60
The "Beat Up Anita Sarkeesian" game                   61
American teen sext “Yeah, it happens a lot, my friends do it all   the time, it’s not a big deal. Sometimes   people will...
American teen sext “No, [it’s not a big deal] we are not having   sex, we are sexting,”. “It’s not against my   religion ...
American teen sext “This is common only for girls with ‘slut’   reputations. They do it to attract attention.”      Male...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Reputation & risk: sexting, trolling and girlfriend revenge sites

2,206 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Reputation & risk: sexting, trolling and girlfriend revenge sites

  1. 1. Reputation and risk online:Sexts, derps & rock ‘n’ troll MAC309 robert.jewitt@sunderland.ac.uk
  2. 2. Overview Risk Reputation Facebook and privacy Revenge porn
  3. 3. Risk-based society ‘concerned no longer exclusively with making nature useful, or with releasing mankind from traditional constraints, but also and essentially with problems resulting from techno-economic development itself … Questions of the development and employment of technologies … are being eclipsed by questions of the political and economic “management” of the risks of actually or potentially utilized technologies’  Beck, 1992: 19 3
  4. 4. Risk today? ‘any activity is subject to recording and broadcast’  Zittrain, 2008: 210
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. Lindsay’s P45 6
  7. 7. Public ridicule and reputations Original http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=HPPj6viIBmU Remix http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=mNbLCA4WHCk
  8. 8. (Celebrity) sex tapes Accidental? Deliberate? Harmful? Reputation?
  9. 9. Dirty PictureTaio Cruz feat. Ke$ha 9
  10. 10. Facebook and privacy More popular than the BBC (Warman, 2008) Keele University incident (Williams, 2007) Employers vetting candidates (Bergstrom, 2008)
  11. 11. You are what you post? “You have one identity. […] The days of you having a different image for your co-workers and for the other people you know are probably coming to an end pretty quickly. […] Having two identities for yourself is an example of a lack of integrity.” Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook (in Kiss, 2010) 11
  12. 12. The Internet, privacy & risk ‘online risks may arise from their very confidence that they can know, judge and trust the people with whom they are intimate ... teenagers’ limited internet literacy combined with confusing or poorly designed site settings, [leaves] them unclear regarding their control over who can see what about them’  Livingstone, 2008: 406
  13. 13. Facebook’s “News Feed” “The tech world has a tendency to view the concept of ‘private’ as a single bit that is either 0 or 1. Data are either exposed or not. When companies make a decision to make data visible in a more ‘efficient’ manner, it is often startling, prompting users to speak of a disruption of ‘privacy’”  boyd, 2008: 14
  14. 14. Facebook’s privacy (d)evolution Image: Matt M 14
  15. 15. Facebook’s privacy (d)evolution Image: Matt M 15
  16. 16. Facebook’s privacy (d)evolution Image: Matt M 16
  17. 17. Facebook’s privacy (d)evolution Image: Matt M 17
  18. 18. Facebook’s privacy (d)evolution Image: Matt M 18
  19. 19. Facebook’s privacy (d)evolution 19
  20. 20. Facebook’s privacy (d)evolution Image: Matt M 20
  21. 21. Privacy is a luxury? “what renders privacy a luxury commodity is that obtaining it implies a level of computer literacy that is inaccessible to most, and typically associated with higher income and education levels, and certain ethnic groups, in ways that mirror dominant socio–demographic inequalities” Zizi Papacharissi, 2010 21
  22. 22. Cyberbullying, trolling, flaming… 22
  23. 23. Flaming e-bile 23
  24. 24. Flaming e-bile Shut the fuck up you fucking ugly OLD wowser cunt. You need a good stiff cock shoved down your throat if you ask me.  (E-mail sent to the Australian children’s advocate Julie Gale, cited in Jackman [2011]) 24
  25. 25. Flaming e-bile I hope you get raped in your *sshole and eyeballs until you bleed to death.  (Post on MoFo Politics [f u commenting (2011)]) 25
  26. 26. Flaming e-bile  ‘the extravagant invective, the sexualized threats of violence, and the recreational nastiness that have come to constitute a dominant tenor of Internet discourse’  Jane, 2012: 2 26
  27. 27. Flaming e-bile  ‘Toxic and often markedly misogynist e-bile no longer oozes only in the darkest digestive folds of the cybersphere but circulates freely through the entire body of the Internet’  Jane, 2012: 2 27
  28. 28. The internet…  A place where “even the meekest of people” have become “ground-shaking titans” who “crusade and burn and unleash hell on . . . imaginary enemies” in “all- caps rants”  Tin, 2012 28
  29. 29. Trolling ‘The culture of sadism on-line . . . has gone mainstream. The common term “lulz” … refers to the gratification of watching others suffer … Trolling is not a string of isolated incidents, but the status quo in the online world’  Larnier, 2010: 60 29
  30. 30. Anita Sarkeesian 30
  31. 31. 31
  32. 32. The "Beat Up Anita Sarkeesian" game 32
  33. 33. 33
  34. 34. 34
  35. 35. 35
  36. 36. 36
  37. 37. 37
  38. 38. Sean Duffy 38
  39. 39. 39
  40. 40. Creepshots 40
  41. 41. Violentacrez aka Michael Brutsch 41
  42. 42. Creepshots 42
  43. 43. 43
  44. 44. American teen sext 4% of cell-owning teens ages 12-17 have sent nude or nearly nude images or videos of themselves to someone else  8% of 17 y/o  4% of 12 y/o 15% have received such images of someone they know  18% of 14-17 y/o  20% of 16 y/o  30% of 17 y/o  6% of 12-13 y/o 44
  45. 45. 3 scenarios1. Exchanges of images solely between two romantic partners2. Exchanges between partners that are then shared outside the relationship3. Exchanges between people who are not yet in a relationship, but where often one person hopes to be. 45
  46. 46. Sexting: Jesse Logan Sent nude pictures of herself to her boyfriend When they split he sent them round school Labeled a slut and whore by girls at school She hung herself in July 2009 46
  47. 47. Risk and harm Reaction against moral panics Internet as central to identity formation Risk as regular occurrence Harm as less likely 47
  48. 48. Risk and harm Analysis of European kids in 25 European countries Survey of 25,000 internet-using children aged 9-16 Also interviewed at home & face-to-face 48
  49. 49. European teen sext 3% of 11-16 y/o had sent or posted sexual messages on the internet 15% had seen or received them  34% had seen people perform sex acts online  13% had been asked to talk about sex acts or provide a photo/video of genitalia 49
  50. 50. Girlfriend revenge sites 50
  51. 51. Texxxan.com 51
  52. 52. Is Anyone Up? 2010 Founded by Hunter Moore Earned $10,000 per month Pornographic submission site Subject to FBI investigation in 2012 52
  53. 53. 53
  54. 54. 54
  55. 55. Summary New media = new risks? Reputation and commerce - Amazon, eBay, etc (Zittrain, 2008: 218) Applicable to social contexts (Youtube?) Surveillance brings new benefits?
  56. 56. Dangers Networked communication brings with it new risks Trust and authority can be hard to maintain Sites with persistent identity features (eg Facebook) can still be subject to spoofing 56 Motivations for trolling?
  57. 57. Questions to consider: To what extent do you dis/agree with the notion that networked technologies are a fundamental part of teenage identity formation and self-expression To what extent should we be concerned about teenagers sexting? Should something be done? If so, what? To what extent do you agree with the claim that the internet is leading a reduction in civility online? How damaging are girlfriend revenge websites? Should something be done? If so, what? 57
  58. 58. Sources Guy Adams (2008), ‘Couple sue McDonalds over nude photos’, The Independent, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/couple-sue-mcdonalds-over-nude-photos-1032211.html BBC (2007), ‘UKs families put on fraud alert’, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/7103566.stm Ida Bergstrom (2008), ‘Facebook can ruin your life. And so can MySpace, Bebo...’, The Independent, http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/facebook-can-ruin-your-life-and-so-can-myspace-bebo-780521.html Daniel Boffey (2008), ‘Tax website shut down as memory stick with secret personal data of 12million is found in a pub car park’, Mail Online, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1082402/Tax-website-shut-memory-stick-secret-personal-data-12million-pub-car-park.html danah boyd (2008), ‘Facebooks Privacy Trainwreck: Exposure, Invasion, and Social Convergence’, Convergence, Vol 14 Iss 1. Mike Harvey (2008), ‘Horror as teenager commits suicide live’, TimesOnline, online http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/us_and_americas/article5203176.ece Jonathan Krim, 2005, ‘Subway Fracas Escalates Into Test Of the Internets Power to Shame’, The Washington Post, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/07/06/AR2005070601953.html Sonia Livingstone (2008), ‘Taking risky opportunities in youthful content creation: teenagers use of social networking sites for intimacy, privacy and self-expression’, New Media & Society, Vol 10 Iss 3. Richard Norton-Taylor (2008), ‘MoD admits inquiry into 69 lost laptops’, Guardian.co.uk, http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2008/jan/22/politics.military John Oates (2008), ‘5,000 NHS records vanish with latest lost laptop’, The Register, http://www.theregister.co.uk/2008/02/15/more_nhs_data_losses/ Mimi Sheller and John Urry (2003), ‘Mobile Transformations of “Public” and “Private” Life’, Theory, Culture and Society, Vol 20 Iss 3, 107-125 Mimi Sheller, 2004, ‘Mobile publics: beyond the network perspective’, Environment and Palnning D: Society and Space, vol 22 p39-52 Evan Ratliff, 2009, ‘Writer Evan Ratliff Tried to Vanish: Here’s What Happened’ in Wired http://www.wired.com/vanish/2009/11/ff_vanish2/ Mark Warman (2008), ‘How Facebook toppled the BBC’, Telegraph, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/scienceandtechnology/technology/3394840/How-Facebook-toppled-the-BBC.html Chris Williams (2007), ‘University moves to hush Facebook criticism’, The Register, http://www.theregister.co.uk/2007/05/22/keele_facebook/
  59. 59. Anita Sarkeesian 59
  60. 60. Anita Sarkeesian 60
  61. 61. The "Beat Up Anita Sarkeesian" game 61
  62. 62. American teen sext “Yeah, it happens a lot, my friends do it all the time, it’s not a big deal. Sometimes people will get into fights with their exs, and so they will send the nudes as blackmail, but it’s usually when or after you’ve been dating someone.”  Female, high school student 62
  63. 63. American teen sext “No, [it’s not a big deal] we are not having sex, we are sexting,”. “It’s not against my religion or anything.”  Male, 9th/10th grade “I know people think [sexting] is dangerous, but to me, it’s no big deal because I get them a lot.”  Male, high school 63
  64. 64. American teen sext “This is common only for girls with ‘slut’ reputations. They do it to attract attention.”  Male, high school “I’ve been asked to send naked pics, but I think that’s stupid. You can ruin your reputation. Sometimes I wonder how girls can send naked pics to a boy. I think it’s gross. They’re disrespecting themselves.”  Female, middle school 64

×