Mac281 hoaxes and trolls lecture

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Updated March 2014

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  • Mac281 hoaxes and trolls lecture

    1. 1. 1
    2. 2. Hoaxes and trolls Trust and authority online #mac281 robert.jewitt@sunderland.ac.uk @rob_jewitt 2
    3. 3. Overview  Hoaxes  Trolling  Flaming  RIP 3
    4. 4. Hoaxes: The curious case of Masal Bugduv  Burroughs & Burroughs, 2012  16 year old Moldovan footballer 4
    5. 5. Masal Bugduv 5
    6. 6. Masal Bugduv 6
    7. 7. Masal Bugduv 7
    8. 8. Wikipedia entry 8
    9. 9. Wikipedia entry 9
    10. 10. Moldova vs Lithuania  November 19th 2008  1-1  Igor Bugaiov  Changed to Massi Igor Bugduv 10
    11. 11. When Saturday Comes 11
    12. 12. The Times 12
    13. 13. Busted 13
    14. 14. Qatar Dream Football League hoax 12th March 2013: The Times duped into printing a false story Mounted a defense of the story after a French website revealed it to be fake 18th March: Conceded defeat 14
    15. 15. Manti Te’o & Lennay Kekua hoax September 2012: Lennay Kekua died of Leukemia Except she didn’t… She didn’t even exist 15
    16. 16. Chain letters, myths, and spam 16
    17. 17. Chain letters, myths, and spam 17
    18. 18. Flaming 18
    19. 19. Flaming e-bile 19
    20. 20. Flaming e-bile  Shut the fuck up you fucking ugly OLD wowser cunt. You need a good stiff cock shoved down your throat if you ask me.  (E-mail sent to the Australian children’s advocate Julie Gale, cited in Jackman [2011]) 20
    21. 21. Flaming e-bile  I hope you get raped in your *sshole and eyeballs until you bleed to death.  (Post on MoFo Politics [f u commenting (2011)]) 21
    22. 22. E-bile  ‘the extravagant invective, the sexualized threats of violence, and the recreational nastiness that have come to constitute a dominant tenor of Internet discourse’  Jane, 2012: 2 22
    23. 23. E-bile  ‘Toxic and often markedly misogynist e-bile no longer oozes only in the darkest digestive folds of the cybersphere but circulates freely through the entire body of the Internet’  Jane, 2012: 2 23
    24. 24. Anita Sarkeesian 24
    25. 25. Anita Sarkeesian 25
    26. 26. The "Beat Up Anita Sarkeesian" game 26
    27. 27. The internet…  A place where “even the meekest of people” have become “ground-shaking titans” who “crusade and burn and unleash hell on . . . imaginary enemies” in “allcaps rants”  Tin, 2012 27
    28. 28. Trolling  ‘The culture of sadism on-line . . . has gone mainstream. The common term “lulz” … refers to the gratification of watching others suffer … Trolling is not a string of isolated incidents, but the status quo in the online world’  Larnier, 2010: 60 28
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    39. 39. Sean Duffy 39
    40. 40. 40
    41. 41. The Dark Tetrad of personality ‘online trolls are prototypical everyday sadists’ -- Erin E. Buckels, Paul D. Trapnell, Delroy L. Paulhus (2014) 41
    42. 42. Context collapse 42
    43. 43. Context collapse  ‘individuals representing multiple social contexts (e.g., work, family, high school acquaintances, close friends) are ‘‘collapsed’’ into the flat category of ‘‘friends’’ or ‘‘contacts’’ on social media sites, creating … the multiple audience problem.’  Marwick and Ellison: 2012: 379 43
    44. 44. 44
    45. 45. Lindsay’s P45 45
    46. 46. Dangers  Networked communication brings with it new risks  Trust and authority can be hard to maintain  Sites with persistent identity features (eg Facebook) can still be subject to spoofing  Motivations for trolling? 46
    47. 47. Questions 1. Identify some well known internet hoaxes or chain letters/emails 2. Identify some online incidents in which people have been abused or victimised 3. Find some examples of 'flaming’ 4. Try and come up with a reason as to why you think people behave this way? 5. Can there be any pro-social trolling? 47
    48. 48. Trollface  Sept 19th, 2008  MSPaint comic made by deviantArt user Whynne about the pointless nature of trolling on 4Chan’s /v/ 48
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