Cause and effect essay

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Cause and effect essay

  1. 1. By Roberto Carlos Méndez Villalobos Samuel López Coronado Ovidio Pérez López
  2. 2. Cause/effect essays • In a cause/ effect essay, you discuss the causes (reasons) for something, the effects (results), or both causes and effects. • E.g – Discuss the effects of global warming on the environment. Discuss the causes of the U.S. Civil War. Explain the causes and effects of the “Stockholm syndrome”. • •
  3. 3. Organization for cause/effect order 1.- Block organization. 2.- Chain organization.
  4. 4. 1.- Block organization  First discuss all the causes as a block, then discuss all the effects together as a block.
  5. 5. 2.- Chain organization.  Causes and effects are linked to each other in a chain. One event causes a second event, which in turn causes a third event…
  6. 6. Block pattern Vs chain pattern  Block pattern. Is usually easier if the causes and effects are very closely interrelated.  Chain pattern. Is usually easier with larger, complex topics such as global warming or homelessness.
  7. 7. conclusion 1. 2.  Cause/effect organization is common pattern in academic writing to write about causes (or reasons) and effects ( or result). There are two common cause/effect patterns of organization: In block organization, the causes are grouped together in one block, and the effects are grouped together in another block. There may be a transition paragraph between blocks.
  8. 8. In chain organization, the causes and effects are too closely linked to be separated. One cause leads to an effect, which is the cause of the next effect. 3. Use a variety of cause/effect signal words to help your reader follow your ideas. 
  9. 9. Reference

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