19th century americas

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19th century americas

  1. 1. Daniela Druhora Daniela Druhora The Americas In the 19TH Centuary th The Americas in the 19 Century Summary:The 19th Century Americas where shaped by mans dream forequality, as we see in Abraham Lincolns EmancipationProclamation. By the westward expansion, and migration insearch for gold. By the dead crops due to the little ice agethat pushed the men to travel through the Americas for betterplantation. There was economic growth in cotton trade withBritain and France with the Southerners of the America’s.However that was sacrificed for the Unions desire to free theslaves.
  2. 2. The Americas in the 19th Century• The gold discovered in California caused mass migration to the Americas.• Due to the migration, conflicts in a diverse culture of people increased and cultural cohesion became of the utmost importance• The Westward expansion caused many wars with the indigenous people such as the Sioux who were forced out of their homelands “Trail of Tears” and battles such as Little Big Horn, and Wounded knee shaped the begins of colonies• Cotton became the “cash crops” due to the fact that over 2 million slaves worked in the fields, and southerners had a sense of self sufficiency. The northern states however fought for agricultural system of Free Labor
  3. 3. The Americas in the 19th Century• The growth of slavery created division among the American regions and was the main cause for the American civil war, as long with the Union, and the federal government authority at question.• The emancipation proclamation given by Abraham Lincoln created radical change in the Americas and formed a political, economical, and social unity in the states due to the banishment of slavery, and the constitution that was put in practice for equality for all men.• Canada due to its strong bonds with Britain and fear of the westward expansion reached its independence without war. The British Canadian and the French Canadian found unity, and Canadian pride due to the expansion and the Dominion provided by John A. Macdonald.• Latin America formed its independence by taking the America’s example, and although through troubling efforts and even terrorizing efforts brought upon Juan Manuel de Rosas who exploited the disgruntlement of the masses, the La Reforma created political and economic stability and unity.
  4. 4. The Little Ice AgeThe Little Ice Age •The little ice age occurred in history throughout 14th-19th century and its effects on the Americas as well as world wide were devastating. •The bubonic plague, disease, and famine were common fears of the 19th century all due to the ice age. •Trade worsened with the grave winter weathers, and crippled the economy. •The greatest advantage for the Americas during this period of the little ice age was that due to the weather it aided migration, and the westward expansion into the Americas.
  5. 5. Frontiers of Americas• The Louisiana Purchase was granted by Napoleon to the US lands for expansion and growth. It is considered one of Thomas Jefferson’s greatest achievements, and one the biggest real estate deals in history. There was much opposition in the Senate against the Louisiana Purchase. Because the land was riddled with swamps and was separated from the 13 Colonies by the Mississippi river, and was viewed as unconstitutional. These factors lead to the deal taking place were the court intrigues of the Spanish grown, napoleons ego, unexpected ice storms, and the fate of the small Caribbean island Haiti.• With the colonization of the Americas many Indian tribes were forced into American school and lost their history. This was regained however through Maximilian who won the trust and companionship of hundreds of Indians from numerous tribes, while Bodmer, who was very inexperienced before the boat ride on the Homer developed into a master painter in portraits and landscape, and captured the history through painting. His painting captured five of the southern Indian tribes who were driven out of their land by President Jacksons resettlement policies. In their travels they depict prestigious tribes such as the Black Feet, who started trading with the American Fur Company, and many of the tribes crippled by smallpox in Northern Missouri.
  6. 6. Frontiers of Americas• Carlota Lucia de Brito was a young woman who together with her lover supported the Liberal party in a small town in the northeastern state of Pernambuco, Brazil. In 1848 a feud erupted between Liberals and Conservatives, during which Carlota ordered the assassination of a Conservative enemy. The crime was traced back to her she was condemned to life imprisonment for her role in the crime.Carlotas story demonstrates not only that patron-client networks protected women but also that they sometimes allowed women to act independently, this showing an example of how complex was the practice of politics in mid-century Brazil.• Furthermore Carlotas case points to her being a strong, unusual woman, who shared the same struggles that numerous other Brazilian women shared at the time, due largely to the fact that politics in nineteenth-century Brazil revolved around family, and due to her gender. After struggling for years to move upward in a political system which obligated women to be fully dependent on men with influence, Carlota’s strong and independent ways helped her earn her freedom, allowing her to die a free, very old woman in Recife, the capital of the state Pernambuco.
  7. 7. Crossroads of Freedom Antietam •Antietam was the•The battle of Antietam turning point of theis one of histories American Civil war‘bloodiest battles’ with among the Northernersmore then 25,000 and the Southerners.casualties found along •This battle is of thethe Antietam creek in utmost importance inMaryland. More men American historydied at Antietam then because it broke theall of the American lines of division throughbattles of the 19th equality undercentury combined. Abraham Lincolns•General Robert Lee emancipation ofrepresented the proclamation and theconfederacy, and by Union.George McClellan the • Northerners fought forUnion. These two free labor, whilegenerals had complete southerners viewedopposite styles in themselves as selfmilitary tactics and sufficient and the ‘kingshaped the course of of cotton’ these motivesthe civil war. started the war.
  8. 8. Crossroads of Freedom Antietam•Before the Antietam, a few things began to put pressure on both the north andsouth Americans. The effects breached Britain and France.•The „cotton famine” was the result of the Northerners/Union blockade toSoutherners cotton embargo trade with France and Britain. Britain received4/5ths of their cotton from the Americas in the south.•The southerners expected intervention from the British but Europeans were alsoanti-slavery, and it was slaves that where cause of mass cotton production andeconomic growth. However the paradox is that the Europeans still rooted for theSoutherners Independence. Northerners had control of the seaboard and internalrivers of export. It is said that Confederates in the lower Mississippi river burnedtheir cotton, so that it would not fall into the hands of the Yankees.•Intervention from Britain was also unresponsive due to the fact that newstraveled to their shores more then a week later on updated events on the war.
  9. 9. Crossroads of Freedom •Escaping slaves from the South realized the war effort and joined the Union armies to fight for their freedom, and for what the Union stood for, which was free-labor. •This aided the Northern troops growth, and General McClellan in the war effort and battle of Antietam. •The slave escapees were coined “Contraband of War” by Benjamin Butler •In a time of resting after battle, corporal Barton w. Mitchell, found within the battlefield grasses an envelope which a paper wrapped around three cigars. •The paper to his astonishment contained army orders given by General Robert E. Lee. of the confederacy, in regards to his North Virginia army. •This open door into the southerners route was presented to McClellan to act upon quickly and he was sure he would get the rebels by surprise and smoke them out! •Unfortunately, he took his time, and his precautious military tactics costed the men their lives, and his plan went into smokes!
  10. 10. Crossroads of Freedom •Antietam was the highlight of McClellans service to the Union, but was also the cause of his termination. •McClellan and his devoted Potomac Army did succeed at over taking the aggressive North Virgin armies, but he stopped going after them when the long bloody battle had ended, and while he still had the upper hand. The outcome was that the war continued for over two more years, because of his meticulous war planning, and stalling battle. • Gen.McClellan•Abraham Lincoln requested food, shoes,urged, McClellan and more men. Moreto move forward men were sent andin battle. provision but still he didMcClellan not make an effort todeveloped a chase the enemy downNapoleonic style after Antietam.and suspicion •Nonetheless his effortsagainst his sparked thedecision making Emancipationended his army Proclamation whichdays. changed the Americas forever.

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