Elements of indian temple


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Elements of indian temple

  1. 1. Glossary Simplified schema of a Hindu temple In design/plan of a temple, several parts of Temple architecture are considered, most common amongst these are: Jagati Jagati is a term used to refer a raised surface, platform or terrace upon which the temple is placed. Antarala Antrala is a small antichamber or foyer between the Garbh Griha / garbha graha (shrine) and the mandapa, more typical of north Indian temples Mandap Mandapa or Mandapam ( in Hindi/Sanskrit, also spelled mantapa or mandapam) is a term to refer to Plillared outdoor hall or Pavillionfor public rituals.  Ardha Mandapam — intermediary space between the temple exterior and the Garbh Griha (sanctum sanctorum) or the other mandapas of the temple  Asthana Mandapam — assembly hall  Kalyana Mandapam — dedicated to ritual marriage celebration of the Lord with Goddess  Maha Mandapam — (Maha=big) When there are several mandapas in the temple, it is the biggest and the tallest. It is used for conducting religious discourses.  Nandi Mandapam (or Nandi mandir) - In the Shiva temples, pavilion with a statue of the sacred bull Nandi, looking at the statue or the lingam of Shiva. Sreekovil or Garbhagriha Sreekovil or Grabh Griha the part in which the idol of the deity in a Hindu Temple is installed i.e.Sanctum sanctorum. The area around is referred as to theChuttapalam, which generally includes other deities and the main boundary wall of the temple. Typically there is also a Pradikshna area in the Sreekovil and one outside, where devotees can take Pradakshinas. Śikhara or Vimanam
  2. 2. Shikharaor Vimanam literally means "mountain peak", refer to the rising tower over the Sanctum Sanctorum where the presiding deity is enshrined is the most prominent and visible part of a Hindu temples. Amalaka An Amalkas is a stone disk, often with ridges, that sits on a temple's main tower (Shikhar) Gopuram Gopurams are the elaborate gateway-towers of south Indian temples, not to be confused with Shikharas. Urushringa An Urushringa is a subsidiary Shikhara, lower and narrower, tied against the main sikhara. Different styles of architecture Nagara architecture Architecture of the Khajuraho temples Nagara temples have two distinct features :  In plan, the temple is a square with a number of graduated projections in the middle of each side giving a cruciform shape with a number of re-entrant angles on each side.  In elevation, a Shikhara i.e., tower gradually inclines inwards in a convex curve. The projections in the plan are also carried upwards to the top of the Sikhara and, thus, there is strong emphasis on vertical lines in elevation. The Nagara style is widely distributed over a greater part of India, exhibiting distinct varieties and ramifications in lines of evolution and elaboration according to each locality. An example of Nagara architecture is the Kendriya Mahadev Temple
  3. 3. Dravidian architecture Dravida Style Thanjavur temple, Tamil Nadu Main article: Dravidian Architecture Dravidian style temples consist almost invariably of the four following parts, differing only according to the age in which they were executed: 1. The principal part, the temple itself, is called the Vimana (or Vimanam). It is always square in plan and surmounted by a pyramidal roof of one or more stories; it contains the cell where the image of the god or his emblem is placed. 2. The porches or Mandapas (or Mantapams), which always cover and precede the door leading to the cell. 3. Gate-pyramids, Gopurams, which are the principal features in the quadrangular enclosures that surround the more notable temples. 4. Pillared halls or Chaultris—properly Chawadis -- used for various purposes, and which are the invariable accompaniments of these temples. Besides these, a temple always contains temple tanks or wells for water (used for sacred purposes or the convenience of the priests), dwellings for all grades of the priesthood are attached to it, and other buildings for state or convenience.  Structure of a typical Drvaidan viman