Students at risk


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Students at risk

  1. 1. Students at Risk <ul><li>A Phi Delta Kappa study considered children at risk “if they are likely to fail either in school or in life”. </li></ul><ul><li>McWhirter et al. use to denote a set of presumed cause-and-effect dynamics that place the child or adolescent in danger of negative future events. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Students at Risk for School Failure <ul><li>Dropout – is anyone over the age of 18 who is no longer enrolled in and has not graduated from high school. </li></ul><ul><li>Are usually from low-income or poverty settings, often from a minority group background and have very low basic academic skills. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Students at Risk for School Failure <ul><li>Suicide – is the third leading cause of death among adolescents. </li></ul><ul><li>Males are four to five times as likely to complete the act of suicide, yet females are three to nine times more likely to attempt suicide. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers can play an important role in identifying students who may be suicide candidates. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Students At risk for School Failure <ul><li>Drug and Alcohol Abuse – In 1996, it is listed as no. 1 problem in schools and ranked no. 3 in 1997. </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol and tobacco appear to be the most abused drugs because they are the most readily available and most highly visible due to amount of advertising they receive. </li></ul><ul><li>Factors such as having friends who provide drugs and encourage their use, low socioeconomic status, disturbed families, adult family members using drugs, poor school performance, stressful life events, deviant behaviors, depression, or anxiety can all contribute to the individual for at risk for drug and alcohol abuse. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Students At Risk for School Failure <ul><li>Teenage Pregnancy & Sexually Transmitted Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Each year, about half of the 15 to 19 yr. old girls in US are sexually active and approximately 1 million pregnancies occur each year in this group. </li></ul><ul><li>The high % of sexual activity increases the possibility of contracting STDs. </li></ul><ul><li>Social attitudes and attitudes of peers often encourage sexual activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Many teenagers have not been exposed to sex education or the use of contraceptives and they lack knowledge about pregnancy prevention and the consequences of their sexual behavior. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Students At Risk for School Failure <ul><li>Child Abuse and Neglect can occur in many forms. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical abuse is characterized by inflicting physical injury by punching, beating, kicking, biting, burning or otherwise harming a child. </li></ul><ul><li>Child Neglect is characterized by failure to provide for the child’s basic needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Abuse includes a child’s genitals, intercourse, incest, rape, sodomy, exhibitionism, and sexual exploitation. </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Maltreatment includes acts or omission by parents that have caused or could cause, serious behavioral, cognitive, emotional, or mental disorders </li></ul>
  7. 7. Students At Risk for School Failure <ul><li>Eating Disorders constitute 25% of adolescents exhibiting the symptoms: </li></ul><ul><li>Anorexia Nervosa choose to restrict their intake of food to such an extent that they lose 20% to 25% of their appropriate body weight. </li></ul><ul><li>Bulimia nervosa involves primarily young women who have recurrent episodes of binge eating that are followed by induced vomiting and the use of laxatives, fasting, or drugs to reduce weight. </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity occurs when body weight exceeds ideal weight by 20% or more. It may occur because of inappropriate eating habits, family eating behaviors and attitudes, or genetics factors. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Students At Risk for School Failure <ul><li>Delinquency </li></ul><ul><li>Of the 2.5M juveniles arrested in1999, 487,600 were arrested for crimes such as vandalism, drug abuse, or running away; larceny-theft, robbery, aggravated assault, murder, or forcible rape. </li></ul><ul><li>Factors such as low intelligence, constitutional differences, location of the community, cultural forces, community attitudes, failures in school, drug or alcohol abuse, poor self-concept, poor impulse control, and emotional problems have all been identified as contributing to the occurrence of delinquency. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Students At Risk for School Failure <ul><li>Things to Remember </li></ul><ul><li>The factors that place students at risk interfere with their ability to benefit from the school experience. </li></ul><ul><li>No single characteristics is associated with those who abuse children. </li></ul><ul><li>The potential for being identified as at risk is higher for students raised in disadvantaged or impoverished home settings. </li></ul><ul><li>The attitudes that students at risk take with them as they leave school will affect the attitudes of their younger siblings and later or their own children. </li></ul><ul><li>Students at risk require appropriate educational interventions as well as optimum behavior management and instruction in academics and social skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers and other school personnel are not expected to become therapists for students at risk, but they can assist in referring them to appropriate services. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important that educators be aware of the symptoms and characteristics of students at risk and be able to identify and refer these students for the appropriate treatment. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Strategies on Teaching Students at Risk <ul><li>Early Interventions ~ Family Involvement Research consistently finds that family involvement has a direct positive effect on children's achievement and is the most accurate predictor of a student's success in school. </li></ul><ul><li>~ Early Childhood Education Birth-to-three interventions demonstrate that providing a child additional enrichment can modify IQ. The most effective way to reduce the number of children who will ultimately drop out is to provide the best possible classroom instruction from the beginning of their school experience. </li></ul><ul><li>~ Reading/Writing Programs Early interventions to help low-achieving students recognize that focusing on reading and writing skills is the foundation for effective learning in all other subjects. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Strategies on Teaching Students at Risk <ul><li>Basic Core Strategies ~ Mentoring/Tutoring Mentoring is a one-to-one caring, supportive relationship between a mentor and a mentee that is based on trust. Tutoring is also a one-to-one activity but focuses on academics and is an effective practice when addressing specific needs such as reading, writing, or math competencies. </li></ul><ul><li>~ Service Learning This teaching/learning method connects meaningful community service experiences with academic learning. It also promotes personal and social growth, career development, and civic responsibility and can be a powerful vehicle for effective school reform at all grade levels. </li></ul><ul><li>~ Alternative Schooling Alternative schooling provides potential dropouts a variety of options which can lead to graduation, with programs paying special attention to the student's individual social needs and academic requirements for a high school diploma. </li></ul><ul><li>~ Out-of School Experiences Many schools provide after-school and summer enhancement programs that eliminate information loss and inspire interest in a variety of areas-especially important for students at risk of school failure. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Strategies on Teaching Students at Risk <ul><li>Making the Most of Instruction ~ Professional Development Teachers who work with youth at high risk of academic failure need to feel supported and need to have an avenue by which they continue to develop skills, techniques, and learn about innovative strategies. </li></ul><ul><li>~ Learning Styles/Multiple Intelligences When educators show students that there are different ways to learn, students find new and creative ways to solve problems, achieve success, and become lifelong learners. </li></ul><ul><li>~ Instructional technologies Technology offers some of the best opportunities for delivering instruction which engages students in authentic learning, addresses multiple intelligences, and adapts to students' learning styles. </li></ul><ul><li>~ Individualized Instruction A customized individual program for each student which would allow teachers flexibility with the instructional program and extracurricular activities. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Strategies on Teaching Students at Risk <ul><li>Making the Most of the Wider School Community ~ Systemic Renewal A continuing process of evaluating goals and objectives related to school policies, practices, and organization structures as they impact a diverse group of learners. </li></ul><ul><li>~ Community Collaboration When all groups in a community provide collective support to the school, an infrastructure is created that provides a caring supportive environment where youth can thrive and achieve. </li></ul><ul><li>~ Career Education/Workforce Readiness A quality guidance program is essential for all students. School-to-work programs recognize that youth need specific skills to prepare them to measure up to the larger demands of today's workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>~ Violence Prevention/Conflict Resolution A comprehensive violence prevention plan, including conflict resolution, must deal with potential violence as well as crisis management. Violence prevention means providing daily experiences, at all grade levels, which enhance in all students positive social attitudes and effective interpersonal skills. </li></ul>