Pope Benedict XVI’s Remarks on Islam And THE TRUTH An objective analysis of the Pope’s comments in the light of historical evidence Inside <ul><li>The Quote </li></ul><ul><li>What did Muhammad Really Preach? </li></ul><ul><li>Messenger of Love and Mercy </li></ul><ul><li>Pope John Paul II Interfaith Comment </li></ul><ul><li>Islam and the Sword: Non-Muslim intellectuals bust the myth </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Mosque of Xian, China </li></ul><ul><li>The Real Reason </li></ul>A More On Islam Briefcast ALSO: “Muhammad was a pioneer in the domain of conservation, sustainable development, and resource management” Slide 13
What did the Pope say? The Pope quoted from a book that recounted a conversation between 14th century Byzantine Christian Emperor Manuel Paleologos II and an educated Persian on the truths of Christianity and Islam . “ He (Emperor) said, I (Pope) quote, 'Show me just what Mohammed brought that was new, and there you will find things only evil and inhuman, such as his command to spread by the sword the faith he preached,’ ” The said remarks are >>>
The Emperor’s remarks are… <ul><li>Incorrect </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorant </li></ul><ul><li>Without evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Language of the Crusades </li></ul><ul><li>Filled with hatred </li></ul>X Not worth quoting in a speech by the leader of the Catholic Church Emperor Manuel Paleologos is wrong. Why? >>>
“ Evil” Defined As per Evil : morally bad or wrong; wicked; sinful Racism Alcoholism Dishonesty Drug addiction Homosexuality Pornography Gambling Backbite Terror Rape Adultery Murder That is, Are examples of Evil Fraud
Definition of “inhuman” Inhuman : Not human; lacking kindness or pity; barbarous; brutal As per Inhuman as in… <ul><li>Inhuman treatment of slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Torture of prisoners </li></ul><ul><li>Cruel treatment of women </li></ul><ul><li>Heartless attitude towards elders </li></ul><ul><li>Performing abortions </li></ul><ul><li>Cruelty to animals </li></ul><ul><li>Rejection of the poor </li></ul><ul><li>Tyranny and Oppression </li></ul><ul><li>Malnutrition children </li></ul><ul><li>Injustice </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Denying human rights </li></ul>Etc.
Preaching & Practice did the Prophet of Islam (PBUH) bring “evil and inhuman”? A cursory glimpse of Muhammad’s teachings and practice is sufficient to make it loud and clear that the Prophet perfected virtues and raised kindness and compassion to their zenith. Muhammad was the soul of kindness, and his influence was felt and never forgotten by those around him." - Diwan Chand Sharma in his " The Prophets of the East ," Calcutta 1935, p. 122. observation
Against Intoxicants and Gambling “ They ask you concerning intoxicants and gambling. Say: "In them is great sin, and some profit, for men; but the sin is greater than the profit.” – (2:219) “ O you who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, (sacrifice for) idols, and (divination by) arrows, are an abomination,- of Satan's handwork: avoid these so that you may be successful.”- (5:90) Quran on Intoxicants and gambling “ Any drink that intoxicates is unlawful”- Muhammad (pbuh) Prophet on Intoxicants
Against Murder and Mischief on earth "Do not kill a soul which Allah has made sacred except through the due process of law." (6:151) "The greatest sins are to associate something with Allah and to kill human beings." – Muhammad (pbuh) Quran on Murder “ So eat and drink of the sustenance provided by Allah, and do no evil nor mischief on the (face of the) earth.” ( 2:60) Quran on Mischief Prophet on Murder “ But Allah loves not mischief.(2:205)
Against adultery, fornication, and homosexuality “ Nor come near to adultery: for it is a shameful (deed) and an evil way” (17:32) Quran on Adultery “ We also (sent) Lot: He said to his people: "Do you commit lewdness such as no people in creation (ever) committed before you?” (7:80) Quran on Homosexuality “ ( O Men) Verily, with lust you approach men instead of women: nay, but you are people given to excesses!” (7:81) “… Marry them, then, with their people's leave, and give them their dowers in an equitable manner - they being women who give themselves in honest wedlock, not in fornication, nor as secret love-companions…” (4:25)
Against consumption of orphan property “ Hence, render unto the orphans their possessions, and do not substitute bad things [of your own] for the good things [that belong to them], and do not consume their possessions together with your own: this, verily, is a great crime.”(4:2) Quran on Protecting Orphans “ Behold! Those who devour the possessions of orphans wrongfully, they do but swallow fire into their bellies, and they will be exposed to burning flame” (4:10)
Against immorality <ul><li>Derision </li></ul><ul><li>Suspicion </li></ul><ul><li>Falsehood </li></ul><ul><li>Backbiting </li></ul><ul><li>Defamation </li></ul><ul><li>Slander </li></ul><ul><li>Squandering </li></ul><ul><li>Wickedness </li></ul><ul><li>Hatred </li></ul><ul><li>Envy </li></ul>X " Do not let your hatred of a people incite you to aggression" (5:3) " O ye who believe! Let not some men among you laugh at others: It may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): Nor let some women laugh at others: It may be that the (latter are better than the (former)” (49:11) " Avoid suspicion as much for suspicion in some cases is a sin” (49:12) " Nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames (49:11) Quran Says: " And spy not on each other behind their backs. (49:12)
Against racism "This letter was sent from Malcolm to his assistants, new Muslim Mosque, press and his wife, during the conclusion of his pilgrimage to Mecca. The content is reproduced from The Autobiography of Malcolm X as told to Alex Haley“ (From http://www.africawithin.com/malcolmx/letter_from_mecca.htm ) “ During the past eleven days here in the Muslim world, I have eaten from the same plate, drunk from the same glass, and slept in the same bed, (or on the same rug) -- while praying to the same God -- with fellow Muslims, whose eyes were the bluest of blue, whose hair was the blondest of blond, and whose skin was the whitest of white. We were truly all the same (brothers) -- because their belief in one God had removed the 'white' from their minds, the 'white' from their behavior, and the 'white' from their attitude.” – MALCOLM X An Excerpt Brotherhood Blacks & Whites eating from the same plate “ A white has no superiority over a black, nor a black has any superiority over a white- except by piety and good action”- Muhammad (pbuh)
Messenger of Love “ Feed them properly and provide them rest before they are exhausted and tired” Animals “ Whoever brings dead land to life, that is, cultivates wasteland, for him is a reward therein.” Environment “ he was a staunch advocate of environmental protection. One could say he was an "environmentalist before his time," a pioneer in the domain of conservation, sustainable development, and resource management, and one who constantly sought to maintain a harmonious balance between man and nature”. observation Francesca De Chatel, Anthropologist Teachings of the Prophet (pbuh) “ All creatures of God form the family of God and he is the best loved of God who loves best His creatures” All Living Beings
Messenger of Mercy <ul><li>He must be called the Savior of Humanity- George Bernard Shaw </li></ul><ul><li>The fact is that no nation of the world can show a parallel to what Islam has done towards the realization of the idea of the League of Nations- Snouck Hurgronje, Dutch Scholar. </li></ul><ul><li>No other society has such a record of success in uniting in an equality of status, of opportunity and of endeavor so many and so various races of mankind- H.A.R Gibb </li></ul><ul><li>“ It was the first religion that preached and practiced democracy; …the democracy of Islam is embodied five times a day when the peasant and the king kneel side by side and proclaim: “God Alone is Great”.- Sarojini Naidu </li></ul>“ And We have not sent you except as a mercy to mankind" ( Holy Quran 21:107 ) observations
Greatest emancipator of women <ul><li>“ O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will. Nor should you treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the dower you have given them,-except where they have been guilty of open lewdness; </li></ul><ul><li>on the contrary, live with them on a footing of kindness and equity . If you take a dislike to them it may be that ye dislike a thing, and Allah brings about through it a great deal of good.” (Quran 4:19) </li></ul>“ It is true that you have certain rights in regard to your women, but they also have rights over you . Remember that you have taken them as your wives, only under Allah's trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat you women well and be kind to them , for they are your partners and committed helpers.” ( From The Last Sermon of the Prophet (PBUH )
Human Rights in Islam Right to a basic standard of Life Right to Safety & Security Right to Chastity Right to Freedom Fundamental Human Rights Right to Life Right to Justice Right to Equality Right to support virtues and shun evils These rights were introduced 1400 years ago
Quote of Note <ul><li>"I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and I will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him." - Bible- Deuteronomy 18:18 </li></ul>This is an explicit prophecy in the Bible about the coming of the Holy Prophet MUHAMMAD (pbuh)!" ( For details please refer to h ttp://www.irf.net/what_the_bible_says_about_muhammad.doc . ) >>> The Pope should have referred to the Bible! .
Evidence from the Bible “ I shall command him” means God shall command the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) God cannot command “evil and inhuman” as stated by the emperor Manuel Paleologos “ him” is Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) Should the Pope quote someone who speaks false about God? In Deuteronomy 18:18 "It is my ardent hope that Muslim and Christian religious leaders and teachers will present our two great religious communities as communities in respectful dialogue, never more as communities in conflict." John Paul II
Spread of Islam Was Islam spread by the sword? If indeed force was used to convert people, why do millions of converts remain attached and committed to Islam in the absence of any force? NO Quran does not permit it “ There is no compulsion in religion; indeed truth has been made manifestly distinct from error” (Quran 2:256) It was the invitation to truth, reason, mercy and peace that attracted people to Islam. It was the virtuous character of Muslim envoys, Muslim traders and Muslim visitors that pulled people to Islam. No Muslim army went to China during the 7 th century Tang dynasty! The Great Mosque of Xian, China was built during the Tang Dynasty (7 th Century) and renovated later. The mosque is still in use. Wikipedia
Views of Non-Muslims Intellectuals “ I became more than convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life. It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of the Prophet, the scrupulous regard for his pledges, his intense devotion to this friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission. These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle.” Young India “ The picture of the Muslim soldier advancing with a sword in one hand and the Quran in the other is quite false .” Islam, 1931 M.K Gandhi A.S Tritton observations
Myth Busted <ul><li>"No other religion in history spread so rapidly as Islam .... The West has widely believed that this surge of religion was made possible by the sword. But no modern scholar accepts that idea, and the Qur'an is explicit in support of the freedom of conscience." </li></ul><ul><li>JAMES A. MICHENER, THE MISUNDERSTOOD RELIGION, READERS DIGEST (American Edition) May 1955. </li></ul>“ History makes it clear however, that the legend of fanatical Muslims, sweeping through the world and forcing Islam at the point of sword upon conquered races is one of the most fantastically absurd myths that historians have ever repeated." DE LACY O'LEARY, ISLAM AT CROSSROADS, London, 1923
The Power of Truth Source: Reader’s Digest Almanac Year Book 1986 “ Which war took place in this century which converted millions of people to Islam?”- Dr. Zakir Naik “ Incidentally these well-established facts dispose of the idea so widely fostered in Christian writings that the Muslims, wherever they went, forced people to accept Islam at the point of the sword false.” The Prospects for Islam, 1944 Lawrence E Browne observation %age increase of religions between 1934 and 1984
The Real Reason Divine Guidance One God Social System Moral System Political System Human Rights Worship System Economic System Prophethood Of Muhammad (pbuh) Accountability In the Hereafter Justice System Trade & Commerce System God says: “This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.”- Quran (5:3) Islam spread due to its inherent truth and the solutions it offers for success
Learn more… <ul><li>Recommended Readings </li></ul><ul><li>The Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation & Commentary by Abdullah Yusuf Ali </li></ul><ul><li>Quran Online </li></ul><ul><li>Charter of Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Human Rights in Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Muhammad (Critical Lives)- by Yahiya Emerick </li></ul><ul><li>Animal Rights: An Islamic Perspective by V.A. Mohamad Ashrof </li></ul><ul><li>Muhammad : A pioneer of environmentalism by Francesca De Chatel </li></ul>For further information, suggestions and comments contact [email_address] The information provided in this presentation makes it amply clear that Islam is an invitation to virtues, humanity, peace and success. This truth, not the sword, is responsible for the growth of Islam in all ages.