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Assessment in he 2014 webinar 5

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Introducing topic 5: feedback

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Assessment in he 2014 webinar 5

  1. 1. Assessment in Higher Education Webinar 5 What is Feedback for? “the effects of bad [assessment] practice are far more potent than they are for any aspect of teaching. Students can, with difficulty, escape from the effects of poor teaching, they cannot (by definition if they want to graduate) escape the effects of poor assessment.” (Boud, 1995)
  2. 2. Assessment in HE Webinar 5
  3. 3. A bit of revision • What is a learning outcome ? – The essential measurable learning or behaviour demonstrated by a student after a specific period of study • What is formative assessment? – “Formative assessment is designed to provide learners with feedback on progress and inform development, but does not contribute to the overall assessment.” QAA 2000 • What is summative assessment ? – The process by which we measure the extent to which a student can demonstrate specific learning outcomes designed feedback developmental non-counting Process measurement learning outcomes Measureable ability on completion Assessment of learning Assessment for learning
  4. 4. Impact of feedback “Feedback is arguably the most important aspect of the assessment process in raising achievement” (Bloxham and Boyd, 2007) “Arguably the most powerful enhancement to learning is feedback during learning” (Biggs and Tang, 2007) … however “academics frequently report frustration that students fail to act on feedback or to collect it at all” (Jollands et al. 2009, Bloxham and Boyd, 2007)
  5. 5. In the final year of his Business Management degree George is set the task of producing an individual 1500 word management report based on case study materials that he has been studying with his tutorial group. The report constitutes 50% of the final unit grade the other 50% is assessed by a 3 hour examination at the end of the semester. The hand in date for the essay is 6 weeks before the examination. The work is marked within 3 weeks and returned to George with his mark and a detailed written feedback proforma. The assignment is also discussed in a feedback tutorial during the week the work is returned. The report tests two of the 5 learning outcomes for the unit. These learning outcomes are therefore not tested in examination (which tests the remaining three learning outcomes). George sits the examination for the unit which is marked in time for exam board. George is given the mark awarded for the examination but receives no verbal or written feedback on his performance in the exam. How do we anticipate that George will use his feedback? Typical Assessment Scenario Will this feedback help me get a better mark for the report? Will it help me to do better in the exam?
  6. 6. Characteristics of feedback
  7. 7. Overview of literature Brown, E, Glover, C, Freake, S and Stevens, V (2004) •proposed three levels or degrees of explanation in feedback: – Indication that there is an error/weakness or omission (Level 1) – Provides correction or appropriate response (Level 2) – Provides explanation as to why the student’s response was incorrect or inappropriate or why suggestion was preferable (Level 3) •Glover and Brown (2006) extended this classification and categorisation to the identification (Level 1) and explanation (Levels 2 and 3) of strengths in the work. •Orsmond and Merry (2011) analysed tutors’ feedback using the following feedback categories based on Brown et al. (2003) •JISC projects Assessment Careers (IoE) and InterAct (Medical Education, Dundee) have used amended versions to audit feedback in their institutions to increase dialogue and increase amount and type of feedback provided. The eFEP (OU) is looking at aligning tutor and student use of spoken and written feedback in a language programme.
  8. 8. Feedback profiles
  9. 9. Timing of feedback?
  10. 10. Formative assessment model Online Preparation In Class Session 1 Online formative activity Online Preparation In Class Session 2 Online formative activity Week 1 Week 2 Feedback Feedback Assessment Strategy •Mini-portfolio of formatively assessed activities •Built week by week (developmental), underpinning summative assessment task •Regular, rapid, personalised feedback •E.g. Individual elements of portfolio provide evidence/basis for summatively assessed reflective account of learning from the unit.
  11. 11. Targeted Approach to provision of feedback 1. Set Assignment 2. Draft Submission 3. Formative Assessment 4. Reflection and Reworking 5. Complete Submission 6. Summative Assessment “Formative Feedback” directly linked to current task “Summative Feedback” Feed forward to inform future work Via eMail Via eMail In-class Optional Context 20 credit, level six, UG unit ‘Tropical Land Use and Conservation’ 2010 Cohort of 40 students Written (2000 word) assignment mid-way through the autumn term
  12. 12. FindingsComplete 4 (16%) Work in Progress 15 (60%) Outline 6 (24%) Submitted 25 (63%) Non-submitted 15 (37%) 60.8% 52.6% Summativegrade 69.8% 61.6% 51.8% Fine tuning Reiteration & Evidence Fine tuning & Content Hand-in Feedback length Feedback content 66.6% 61.3% 46.2% 46.2%
  13. 13. Complete 4 (16%) Work in Progress 15 (60%) Outline 6 (24%) Submitted 25 (63%) Non-submitted 15 (37%) 60.8% 52.6% Summativegrade 69.8% 61.6% 51.8% Fine tuning Reiteration & Evidence Fine tuning & Content Hand-in Feedback length Feedback content 66.6% 61.3% 46.2% 46.2% 1. Time on task 2. Better organised/more strategic 3. Improved performance 4. More feedback, better understood, easier to respond to 5. Is this simply making better students better? 1 2 4 3 5
  14. 14. “feedback provided by tutors focused on performance on the assignment being assessed” Orsmond et al, 2011 “students often struggle to transfer learning from one unit to another” Orsmond et al. 2011 Biggs and Tang, 2007 do not regard the feedback provided on end of unit summative assessment as formative as the feedback is provided when the unit is effectively finished and students rarely pay attention to comments provided at the end of a course. Glover and Brown (2006) comment that in terms of written feedback students receive plenty of it, but that it is often misunderstood in relation to assessment criteria. Orsmond et al. (2005) found that a majority of students preferred verbal feedback from tutors as it enabled questioning and discussion.
  15. 15. Engaging Students in Assessment • What approaches would you suggest to involve students more directly in the assessment process?
  16. 16. Thoughts? Comments? Questions?
  17. 17. Acceptable assignments? Essay Newsletter Magazine article Written Report Data Analysis Event Oral presentation Artefact Web site Audio report Video report Competition entry Problems to solve Job Application Critique Case Study Poster Unseen Written exam Photo Essay “Dragon’s Den™” Seen written exam “The Apprentice” MCQs Computer based assessment Practice Observation Wiki contribution Blogg/learning log Research Article Lab Practical Reflective account Annotated Map Annotated Reference List Portfilio Translation Dissertation Group work Interview Work based assessment A Performance Roll play
  18. 18. References Boud, D. (1995). Assessment and Learning: contradictory or complementary? Assessment for Learning in Higher Education. P. Knight. London, Kogan Page: 35-48. Biggs, J. B. and Tang, C. (2007). Teaching for quality learning at university. Open University Press/Mc Graw- Hill Education. Bloxham, S. and Boyd, P. (2007). Developing Effective Assessment in Higher Education: A Practical Guide. Berkshire, UK. Open University Press. Cullen W. R., (2011) A multi-technology formative assessment strategy, Media-Enhanced Feedback case studies and methods, Proceedings of the Media-Enhanced Feedback event, Sheffield, 27 October 2010 pp 28-33 Ecclestone, K. (2000) Assessment and Critical Autonomy in Post Compulsory Education in the UK, in, Journal of Education and Work, Vol. 13, No. 2. Glover, C. and Brown, E. (2006) Written Feedback for Students: too much, too detailed or too incomprehensible to be effective? Bioscience Education Journal (7) Jollands, M., McCallum, N., Bondy, J. (2009) If students want feedback why don’t they collect their assignments? Proceedings of 20th Australasian Association for Engineering Education Conference University of Adelaide, 6-9th December 2009 McAtominey, D. & Cullen, W.R. (2002) Effective e-Learning with VLE’s, Netskills Workshop Materials Orsmond, Paul , Merry, Stephen and Reiling, Kevin(2005) 'Biology students' utilization of tutors' formative feedback: a qualitative interview study', Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 30: 4, pp 369 - 386 Orsmond, Paul and Merry, Stephen(2011) 'Feedback alignment: effective and ineffective links between tutors' and students' understanding of coursework feedback', Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 36: 2, pp 125-136.

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