Projeto OLPC


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Slides da apresentação de Nicholas Negroponte do projeto de educação OLPC na Telexpo de 2006.

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Projeto OLPC

  1. 1. 1. Future of Living 2. Future of Telecommunications 3. Future of Computers 4. Future of Television 5. Future of Education
  2. 2. Future of Living Omelet Theory of Life Complexity Concurrency
  3. 3. Future of telecommunications Drift to natural geometries More wireless Signals are photons Power is electrons Less carrier centric The water lily and the frog Flower box theory of telecom
  4. 4. Future of Computers Heading to be material sciences Belated speech recognition Everything will be a display
  5. 5. Future of television Theme size, screen size Asynchronous Personalized, including Ads
  6. 6. Future of Education Learning by interaction The end of nationalism Kids will be far more global Maine Experience -- OLPC
  7. 8. The basic principles : 1. Children are our most precious natural resource 2. The solution to poverty, peace, environment is education 3. Teaching is one but not the only way to achieve learning
  8. 9. An education project, not a laptop or cellphone project
  9. 10. Not two kids per laptop or one laptop per room
  10. 11. <ul><li>Non-profit Association with </li></ul><ul><li>$20M funding through NRE </li></ul><ul><li>3 rules: scale, scale, scale </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>launch 7-10 million in 2007 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>100-200 million 2008 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7 large diverse countries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Provided free to children </li></ul>One Laptop Per Child
  11. 12. Partners:   News Corp Google Red Hat AMD Nortel Brightstar Quanta Pending:   3M eBay
  12. 14. Getting to the $100 Laptop <ul><li>HOW: </li></ul><ul><li>No Sales, Marketing, Distribution </li></ul><ul><li>First Purchase Order 5-10M units </li></ul><ul><li>Linux </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce display cost leveraging backlight innovation </li></ul>Gross Breakdown in Laptop Costs 2005 Display 25% Sales Marketing Distribution 50% Support of MSFT Windows XP 25% OLPC Proposal $100 Laptop Cost 2005 Display x
  13. 15. 500 Mhz AMD x86 processor 128M DRAM 512M FLASH <2 W nominal, thus Wind-up 3 or 4 USB ports WiFi mesh network Rugged Dual mode display
  14. 16. SPATIAL COLOR Backlit, Transmissive OLPC LCD Display Sunlight Readable, Reflective 3 pixels 9 pixels Dual Mode Display <ul><li>7” 4x3 LCD </li></ul><ul><li>Dual mode: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B&W 1110x830 sunlight readable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Color 640x480 backlit transmissive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>>150 nits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li><1W </li></ul></ul>
  15. 17. Open source Skinny Linux Instant on Fast and not a “gadget” Parallel Commercial Channel Maintenance by the kids Design – not cheap, not toy
  16. 20. Characteristics and unique attributes: durable/portable/multi-modes (Mario Bellini for Olivetti)
  17. 21. book : overall
  18. 22. book : side with crank out
  19. 23. seed A : pivot screen
  20. 24. seed A : book mode
  21. 25. Manufacturing Milestones 12/13/05 1/14/06 2/24 4/3 5/9 7/26 9/22 11/22 2/5/07 Kick-off Major design review Design Spec frozen ID Ready Ready for A-test (EVT) Ready for B-test (DVT) Ready for C-test (PVT) Ready for manufacturing Ready to ship Critical items: -Cost -Power consumptions -Reliability Critical designs: - CPU+chip set - Dual mode LCD - Pieces of moving part Regressive B-test (DVT) (If needed) April 30 th Developer boards May 24 th Prototype display July 15 th Alpha units November 15 th Beta units
  22. 26. Seven countries + Massachusetts (maybe) China India Thailand Egypt Nigeria Brazil Argentina
  23. 27. Nov. 17 announced WSIS Dec. 12 Quanta agreed to build May 24 Learning Learning @ MIT July ’06 final country commitment Q3 ’06 developer prototypes Q4 ’06 education prototypes Q1 ’07 rollouts TimeLine
  24. 28. Laptop price commitment $100 target price in 2008 Price will float (downwards) tracking the cost of components $135 anticipated in 2007 constantly lowering $50 target price in 2010
  25. 29. National task force Hardware Connectivity Software Education Rollout Foreign Relations Public Relations
  26. 30. Economics Initial and launch: Central government funded Single order Subsequent: Philanthropic Organizations Child-to-child funding Commercial subsidy Adopt-a-village Etc.
  27. 31. Educational approach Seamless, in and out of school Constructionist Peer-to-peer teaching One laptop per child One laptop per teacher
  28. 32. Country rollout 2007 – 1 million machines Viral training of teachers 3-6 pilot regions Total saturation Strong developer community