found a hematite hemisphere, 60 disc shell beads, and three strings of large columnella beads,each 1.5” long by 0.75” wide (3.8x1.9 cm). A total of 28 of these drilled beads were recover-ed, which were made from the core of large seashells, such as are found on the shores of theGulf of Mexico. Fig.1 The two copper plates of Peters Creek Mound. (c.715 BC, Clairton, Pennsylvania) (Courtesy Ancient American, Ref.1)Copper TradeThe first skeleton as well as its large copper plate each point to the north, which indicates thatthe meridian or NS-line through the site, at 80°E, is important. The second skeleton as well itssmall copper plate each point to the west, showing that the latitude line, at 40°N, is equallyimportant. However, note that in antiquity latitudes were well-known, but longitudes not.(Refs.3-5)Peters Creek Mound was erected at 40°N, because of the discovery of America in the FourthDynasty of Egypt. The complementary latitude of 90-40= 50°N refers to the 5th king Men-kaure, who discovered America via the southern Aleutian islands, at about 50°N. In antiquitythe use of complementary latitudes was very common. – However, the Mound does not dealwith the discovery of America, but with the copper trade across the North Atlantic Ocean. Itstarted at the beginning of the Fifth Dynasty (c.2500 BC), as indicated by the mentionedcomplementary latitude, at 90-40= 50°N. (Refs.6-8)The two copper plates (and the other copper artifacts) indicate that Peters Creek Mound tellsthe story of the inter-continental copper trade. The two plates and the two skeletons each sym-bolize the start of the Twentieth Dynasty (c.1200 BC), when the copper trade ended. Each
plate has two sides (front side and back side), twice confirming it. The two large lumps of redochre confirm it. The two round poll celts confirm it. The two plates symbolize the latitudeline at 20°N, halfway the latitude of the site (40/2= 20°N), confirming it. The meridian or NS-line runs from Peters Creek Mound to the (northern) Ottawa Islands, at 40+20= 60°N, andfrom the south coast of Lake Erie, at 40+2= 42°N, to Mansel Island, at 42+20= 62°N, twiceconfirming it.The complementary latitude at the mouth of the St. Lawrence River, at 90-40= 50°N, justmentioned, is situated 50-30= 20° above the Nile and Mississippi Delta’s, at 30°N, confir-ming the end of the copper trade at the start of the Twentieth Dynasty. It also shows therelative importance of the two copper trading routes in North America: a fraction of 3/5, or60% of the copper was shipped from Upper Michigan along the Mississippi River to the Deltain the south, and a fraction of 2/5, or 40% of the copper was transported via the St. LawrenceSea-way to the east. (Refs.9-11) – Note, that the large bear tusks, some covered with coppersheat, some with the copper sheat detached, illustrate the end of the copper trade.The larger copper plate and the first skeleton were lying almost north and south, inclining tothe west, and the smaller plate and the second skeleton almost east and west, inclining to thenorth. So, the northwestern direction from Peters Creek Mound to Upper Michigan is empha-sized. Each of the plates has 4 edges, twice encoding the direction from the site to Isle Royalein Lake Superior, 40-4= 36°NNW. It also corresponds to Cape Hatteras, the East Cape of theUS, and the Strait of Gibraltar, the entry of the Mediterranean Sea, both at 40-4= 36°N. Itsymbolizes the circle angle of the planet Earth of 360°, and the circumference of the Earth of36 Egyptian Moiras. It stresses the worldwide importance of the copper trade!The smaller copper plate has curved edges, indicating the curved latitude lines and curvedmeridians on the surface of the planet Earth. It confirms the long distance trade of the Michi-gan copper. Both plates have together 4+4= 8 edges, encoding Isle Royale in Lake Superior,8° to the north, at 40+8= 48°N. The meridian of Peters Creek Mound runs from Lake Erie, at43°N, to James Bay, at 43+8= 51°N, and from the coast of South Carolina, at 33°N, to thesouth tip of Florida, at 33-8= 25°N, twice confirming this 8° distance in the NS direction. Thesouth coast of Lake Erie, at 40+2= 42°N, refers with its complementary latitude to Isle Roy-ale, at 90-42= 48°N. Isle Royale was the first source and primary symbol of the Michigancopper!The small plate has the shape of a copper ingot. Its four edges are different from the fouredges of the larger plate. The two plates twice encode an overall export of copper of 20+4= 24million copper ingots (a number of 8 figures, see above). The two plates and the four sides ofthe rectangular poll celt, confirm it. The length/width ratio of each of the rectangular plates isabout two, and together the plates have 2+2= 4 front and back sides, confirming it. The twoplates symbolize the latitude line at 24°N (Florida Strait, Andros Island), halfway the latitudeof Isle Royale (48/2= 24°N), confirming it. (Refs.12-16)Keweenaw Peninsula, at 47°N, is located 24° above the holy Tropic of Cancer along the northcoast of Cuba, at 47-24= 23°N, confirming it. It was the latitude of the Southern EgyptianEmpire, and the center of the Sun religion. The Mound contained two copper plates and fourimportant stone artifacts, confirming the total export across the Ocean of 20+4= 24 millioncopper ingots. The meridian runs from Peters Creek Mound to Southampton Island, at40+24= 64°N, and from the south coast of James Bay, at 51°N, to the east coast of Florida, at51-24= 27°N, and from the coast of South Carolina, at 33°N, over water to the isthmus of
Panama, at 33-24= 9°N, three times confirming the copper trade via the nine islands of theAzores. These nine islands refer to the density of copper, 9 g/cm3 (nine times heavier thanwater). The meridian runs from the south coast of Lake Erie, at 40+2= 42°N to SouthCarolina, at 42-9= 33°N, confirming it.Copper ingots with masses varying from 10 to 30 kg have been found by archaeologists. So,in order to calculate the export, we have to establish the mass of the Standard Ingot. IsleRoyale is located 8° above Peters Creek Mound, and the complementary latitude of theMound equals 90-40= 50°N. It shows, the Standard Ingot had a mass of 80,000 carats (anumber of five figures). For a long time past both noble metals, silver and gold, were weighedin units of carats, corresponding with 0.20 gram. The carat is the constant mass of a seed of theSt. John’s bread or carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua). So, the mass of the Standard Ingot was80x0.20= 16 kg (35 pounds).It means, that the overall export of copper across the Ocean appears to have been (24x16=)c.384,000 tons (850 million pounds). It has been estimated by others in the field, that a total a-mount of 250 to 500 thousand tons of copper had disappeared from the mining area. So, itsdestination can now be understood. (Refs.13-16)Tin TradeIn the Old World bronze was made by alloying the copper with 10% tin. Peters Creek Moundis located 40-30= 10° above the Mississippi Delta, confirming this percentage. Tin was a veryscarce metal. Although generally unknown, a lot of it was imported from South America. TheMound contained a total of 28 columnella beads, referring to the mining area just east of Lakeof Poopó, near the present town of Potosi, Bolivia, 28° below the isthmus of Panama, at 28-9=19°S. The overall export of tin was 10% of the copper, or 2.4 million tin ingots. Peters CreekMound is located 40-33= 7° above the coast of South Carolina, confirming the 7 figures ofthis number. It corresponds with the density of tin, 7 g/cm 3 (seven times heavier than water).So, the total quantity was c.38,400 tons (85 million pounds) of tin. (Refs.13-16) Fig.2 The rectangular poll celt at the right, and (maybe) the two round poll celts at the left. (c.715 BC, Clairton, Pennsylvania) (Courtesy Ancient American, Ref.1)
Dardanus FloodThe two skeletons of Peters Creek Mound have two copper plates on their ‘faces’. So, the ce-remonial Mound will tell at least a second important story. In the Twentieth Dynasty a majorFlood happened, because of a cosmic collision of the planet Earth with the Tail of a Comet (orComet Swarm). Peters Creek is symbolic for the Flood by this Comet, and the MonongahelaRiver is symbolic for (the surface of) the Earth, which (already) contains a lot of water. - Inthe Mound a hematite hemisphere was found. It symbolizes an earlier Comet Catastrophe inthe Sixth Dynasty, at which half of the world population perished (c.2344 BC).The 60 disc shell beads, which were found in the Mound, encode the South Cape of Green-land, at 60°N. The island of Greenland consists of stone and ice. Traditionally, it always wasthe symbol for the Head of a Comet. The North Atlantic Ocean below it was symbolic for itsTail. It contains a huge amount of water. The Nile and Mississippi Delta’s are located at thecomplementary latitude of 90-60= 30°N. It symbolizes the 30 days of the month. So, the dura-tion of the Calamity should be expressed in days. (Refs.2,17-22)The two skeletons and the two similar plates each show the Comet Catastrophe was a twostage event: it occurred during two equal time periods. Peters Creek Mound is located at40°N. It symbolizes the first time period of 40 days when the Earth was inside the Tail of theComet. The falling stones were causing horrible forest-fires, and the melting ice resulted intorrential rains and worldwide floodings. It was completely dark on Earth. - The second timeperiod also lasted 40 days. The climate was completely disrupted. The terrible rains conti-nued, but it also became very cold. So, the rains changed into ferrocious snow and hailstorms. - Isle Royale is located 8° above Peters Creek Mound, confirming the total duration ofthe Catastrophe of 40+40= 80 days.The meridian of the Mound reaches the Ocean at the coast of South Carolina, 40-33= 7°below the site. The width of North America at the level of Peters Creek Mound equals 38Egyptian moiras (38°), encoding the 3.8 million casualties worldwide (a number of 7 figures).The two skeletons and the two plates each correspond to the (Central) Azores in the middle ofthe Ocean, 2° lower, at 40-2= 38°N, twice confirming it. Peters Creek Mound is located at40°N, roughly confirming the c.4.0 million casualties. - It contains two skeletons and twocopper plates, twice encoding the 2.0 million additional victims because of system collapse(lack of government). So, in total there were 4.0+2.0= c.6.0 million casualties! (Refs.23-27)Peters Creek Mound contains two copper plates and four important stone artifacts, confirmingthe 2.0+4.0= c.6.0 million casualties. It contains 60 disc shell beads, confirming it, too. CapeHatteras and the Strait of Gibraltar are located 6° above the Nile and Mississippi Delta’s, at30+6= 36°N, confirming it, again. This latitude is symbolic for the circumference of theplanet Earth of 36 Egyptian Moiras. It shows it was a worldwide Catastrophe! It ended allancient civilizations on Earth, including the New Kingdom of Egypt.Isle Royale is located 48-30= 18° above the Mississippi Delta, encoding the original worldpopulation of 18 million men before the Disaster (a number of 8 figures). It is located 48-36=12° above Cape Hatteras, corresponding to the 12 million survivors, worldwide. Many ofthem were seriously injured. The meridian of Peters Creek Mound runs to the coast of SouthCarolina, at 33°N, confirming the total number of 18-12= 6 million casualties, which is (6/18)x100= 33% of the world population. The complementary latitude of 90-33= 57°N encodes theperiodicity of this historical Comet, c.570 years (a number of 3 figures).
The south point of the Gulf of Campeche, Mexico, is located at 18°N. It was the center ofcivilization in Central America, also known as the Realm of the Dead in the west (Punt). Itconfirms the original world population of 18 million men. It is situated 30-18= 12° below theMississippi Delta, confirming the 12 million survivors.Peters Creek Mound contains two skeletons and two copper plates, because the DardanusFlood happened in the Twentieth Dynasty. The name of “Dardanus” means Third, because itwas the Flood, in which one third of the people died. The two copper plates have threepolished sides, because it happened during the reign of the 2nd king Ramses III (1159 BC,tree-ring dating). The two round poll celts and the rectangular poll celt confirm it. – Thecomplementary latitude of 90-40= 50°N encodes the total precipitation during the Flood:about 50 micromoiras= 50x0.11= 5.5 meters of water. The Central Azores, at 40-2= 38°N,mentioned above, consist of five islands, confirming it. (Refs.23,24) Fig.3 The four stone artifacts found in Peters Creek Mound. (c.715 BC, Clairton, Pennsylvania) (Courtesy Ancient American, Ref.1)DatingDuring the copper trade America was a colony of Egypt (Atlantis). Dating of monuments wasaccomplished by dynasty and kings encodings (Adena). After the Twentieth Dynasty Americabecame independant. However, it appears the usual way of dating continued (Hopewell). So,dating the Mound may be done by studying Egyptian history.One should realize that a mound is the oldest form of a king’s grave. The large copper platehas a length/width ratio of 2.2, which might refer to the Twenty-second Dynasty. Isle Royaleis located 8° above Peters Creek Mound, which corresponds to its 8 kings. So, it appears theMound was erected at a later date.Three small strips of folded copper were found, which might refer to the 20+3= Twenty-thirdDynasty. The two skeletons might symbolize its two important kings, Padibast I, and OsorkonIII. The two lumps of red ochre, each weighing about 5 pounds (2.3 kg), appear to show thesetwo men were of royal blood. Padibast I (c.818-793 BC) reigned for 25 years, as shown byIsle Royale, 48-23= 25° above the holy Tropic of Cancer. Osorkon III (c.777-749 BC) reignedfor 28 years, as shown by the 28 columnella beads, which were found in the Mound. (Ref.28)These 28 columnella beads also encode the date of the Comet Catastrophe, 28 years after thestart of the Twentieth Dynasty, which is in 1186-28= c.1158 BC. This date was rememberedduring the reign of king Osorkon III, 400 years later, in 1158-400= c.758 BC. These 400 years
correspond to the latitude of Peters Creek Mound, at 40°N. So, it appears the Mound was e-rected just after the Twenty-third Dynasty.The small copper plate has a length/width ratio of 2.4, which refers to the Twenty-fourth Dy-nasty (c.727-715 BC). This number confirms the total export across the Ocean: 24 millioncopper ingots! The two copper plates in the Mound confirm the 24/2= 12 million survivors ofthe Flood! This number also agrees with the duration of this Dynasty: 12 years. So, PetersCreek Mound was erected at the end of the Twenty-fourth Dynasty, in c.715 BC.References1. Gallant, L.C., “The Copper Plates from Peters Creek”, Ancient American, Vol.14, No.88,pgs.12-16 (2010).2. Grondine, E.P., Man and Impact in the Americas, Kempton, Illinois (2005) (ISBN0-9776-152-0-0).3. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., How the Sungod Reached America, c.2500 BC, AGuide to Megalithic Sites, MCS Inc., 2002 (ISBN 0-917054-19-9). Available: MCS Inc., Box3392, Kirkland, Wa 98083, also on CD. Website: www.howthesungod.com4. Wakefield, J.S., and De Jonge, R.M., Rocks & Rows, Sailing Routes across the Atlanticand the Copper Trade, MCS Inc, 2010 (ISBN 0-917054-20-2). Available: MCS Inc, Box3392, Kirkland, Wa USA 98033. Website: www.rocksandrows.com5. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “The Discovery of the Atlantic Islands”, Ancient A-merican, Vol.13, No.81, pgs.18-25 (2008).6. De Jonge, R.M., Website: www.slideshare.net/rmdejonge7. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Three Continents (Santo Stefano, North Sardinia, Italy,c.2300 BC)”, Ancient American, Vol.12, No.76, pgs.28-29 (2007), Ref.6.8. De Jonge, R.M., “A Sword for America (Kirkburn, East Yorkshire, England, c.250 BC)”,Ref.6, to be published.9. De Jonge, R.M., “Houghton’s Petroglyph (Copper Country, Michigan, 2500-1200 BC)”,Ref.6, to be published.10. De Jonge, R.M., “The Mystic Symbol, mark of the Michigan Mound Builders”, Ref.6, tobe published.11. De Jonge, R.M., “Cahokia, Capital of Ancient America”, Ref.6, to be published.12. Rydholm, C.F., Michigan Copper, The Untold Story, Winter Cabin Books, Marquette,2006 (ISBN 0-9744679-2-8).13. De Jonge, R.M., The Phaistos Disc Decoded, New Testimony of a Lost Civilization,Midwestern Epigraphic Journal, Vol.20, 111-115 (2006), and Vol.21, 74-80 (2007), to be pu-blished.14. De Jonge, R.M., “The Battersea Shield (River Thames, London, c.190 BC)”, Ref.6, to bepublished.15. De Jonge, R.M., “Copper Trade with the Old World (Poverty Point, NE Louisiana)”,Ref.-6, to be published.16. De Jonge, R.M., “Petroglyph of a Sailing Boat (Copper Harbor, Upper Michigan, c.1640BC)”, Ref.6, to be published.17. Peiser, B.J., Palmer, T., Bailey, M.E., Natural Catastrophes during Bronze Age Civilizations,BAR International Series 728, Oxford, 1998 (ISBN 0-86054-916-X).18. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Winter, Blackwell, Oxford, 1990.19. Joseph, F., Survivors of Atlantis, Their Impact on World Culture, Bear & Co., Vermont2004 (ISBN 1-59143-0-040-2).20. Baillie, M., Exodus to Arthur, Catastrophic Encounters with Comets, BT Batsford Ltd.,London, 1999 (ISBN 0-7134-8681-3).
21. De Jonge, R.M., “The Comet Catastrophe of c.2345 BC”, (seven articles),Webpage: www.barry.warmkessel.com/dejonge.html22. De Jonge, R.M., “Discovery of America and the Flood (c.2300 BC, Ita Letra, Villarrica,Paraguay)”, Ref.6, to be published.23. De Jonge, R.M., “The Brandenburg Stone, Comet Catastrophe of 536/540 AD” (560 AD,Battletown, Meade County, Kentucky), Ref.6, to be published.24. De Jonge, R.M., “About the Brandenburg Stone (560 AD, Battletown, Meade County,Kentucky)”, Ref.6, to be published.25. De Jonge, R.M., “The Myths of Monks Mound (Cahokia, Illinois, 650-1400 AD)”, Ref.6,to be published.26. De Jonge, R.M., “Ikom and the Dardanus Flood (c.1159 BC, Cross River State, Nige-ria)”, Ref.6, to be published.27. De Jonge, R.M., “Great Serpent Mound (c.2300 BC, Adams County, Ohio)”, Ref.6, to bepublished.28. Spencer, A.J., British Museum Book of Ancient Egypt, British Museum Press, London,2007 (ISBN 0-7141-1975-X)