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(c.1450 BC, Grand Canyon, Arizona)

Dr. R.M. de Jonge ©,

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  1. 1. Email: May 13, 2010 GOLD RING (c.1450 BC, Grand Canyon, Arizona) Dr. R.M. de Jonge ©, Introduction In the spring of 2010 a Gold Ring was found in the Grand Canyon in northern Arizona (fig.1) (Refs.1,2). It has an engraving along its circular edge. Within this engraving are three mar- kings one above the other. At both sides are deeper lying bulges of about equal size. The Ring was made in a rather primitive way, which testifies to great antiquity. It appears, that the face of the Ring symbolizes the North Atlantic Ocean (fig.2). The coast of the Old World is at the right side, and the coast of the New World is at the left side. The cir- cular engraving appears to represent the coastal sailing route along these continents. The lower marking is the Southern Crossing, with the wind and the current, from the Cape Verde Islands to French Guyana (at about 5°N) (fig.2). The central marking is the Return Route, with the wind and the current, from Newfoundland, via the Azores, to Cape Finisterre, NW Spain. The upper marking represents the Northern Crossing, from Scotland (via the Faroer and Iceland) to the East Coast of Greenland (at the level of the holy Arctic Circle), and around Greenland to Baffin Island (at about 67°N). (Refs.3-5) Discovery of America Emphasis is laid upon the Northern Crossing. This longer marking may consist of a right half, and a left half (see fig.1). As a consequence, the face of the Ring might have four markings, in stead of three. It appears, the Ring is trying to tell a story. This story starts in the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt, as indicated by the four markings. The two upper markings may symbolize the two northern crossings below and above the Bering Sea. The circular engraving is the fifth marking. It symbolizes the effort to circumnavigate the pla- net Earth. So, the 5th king Menkaure (Mycerinos, c.2580-2562 BC) of the Fourth Dynasty dis- covered America via the Bering Sea. (Ref.6) However, the face of the Ring represents the Atlantic, and the circular engraving also repre- sents the Fifth Dynasty. The Southern Crossing is indicated by a single stroke, so it was dis- covered first. The Return Route via the Azores is indicated by two strokes, so it was disco- vered next. These two Crossings of the Atlantic were discovered by the 2nd king Sahura (c. 2510-2498 BC). The two strokes of the Return Route confirm it.- The Northern Crossing con- sists of three strokes. So, it was discovered by the 3rd king Nefererkare (c.2498-2478 BC). The face of the Ring contains a total of 1+2+3= 6 strokes. Including the large circle it has 6+1 = 7 carvings. Including the bulges at both sides it shows a total of 7+2= 9 units. These corres- pond to the island of Bermuda, 9° above the holy Tropic of Cancer, at 23+9= 32°N. The 9 u- nits encode the Return Route, with the wind and the current, from Abaco Island via Bermuda
  2. 2. to the 9 islands of the Azores. It was discovered by the 9th, and last, king Unas (c.2403-2370 BC) of the Fifth Dynasty. (Refs.7-9) Fig.1 The Gold Ring tells the story of the Egyptian discovery of America and the Biblical Flood (18th Dynasty, Grand Canyon, Arizona, courtesy Steve Shaffer, Refs.1,2) Biblical Flood Then, suddenly, a huge Comet appeared in the sky. The head of the Comet resembled Green- land, consisting of ice and stones. The tail of the Comet resembled the North Atlantic Ocean, containing a huge amount of water. The 6 strokes correspond to Cape Farvel, the south point of Greenland, at 60°N. The big circle represents the planet Earth, which passed through the tail of the Comet during 60 days. The falling stones were causing horrible forest-fires, and the melting ice resulted in torrential rains and worldwide floodings. It was completely dark on Earth. (Ref.10) The 6 strokes also correspond to a second time period of 60 days after it. The climate was completely disrupted. The terrible rains continued, but it also became very cold. So, the rains changed into ferrocious snow and hail storms.- In antiquity the use of complementary latitu- des was very common. The Nile Delta of Egypt, at the complementary latitude of 90-60= 30°N, refers to the 30 days of the month. The four markings on the face of the Ring confirm the total duration of the Flood, 4 months, or 4x30= 60+60= 120 days. (Refs.11-20) The Ring has 2 big bulges, 6 strokes, and 6+1= 7 carvings, encoding the 2.6 million casualties of this worldwide Catastrophe (a number of 7 figures, 54%). It has 2 bulges, 2 bulges, and 7 carvings, encoding the 2.2 million survivors. Most of them were seriously injured. The Ring
  3. 3. has 4 markings, and 2 bulges + 6 strokes, confirming the world population before the Flood, 2.6+2.2= 4.8 million men. (Ref.10) It has 4 markings and a big circle, the 5th marking, confirming the 54% victims. The Ring was found in the Grand Canyon at about 36°N. The Grand Canyon symbolizes the huge force of water on the surface of the Earth. It corresponds to the circumference of the Earth, 36 Moi- ras, or 360°. It confirms it was a wordwide Catastrophe. The complementary latitude of 90-36 = 54°N confirms the percentage of casualties, 54%. The 6 strokes show the Catastrophe occurred in the Sixth Dynasty of Egypt. The first stroke at the bottom encodes the 1st king Teti (c.2370-2338 BC). It happened during his reign.- The 2 bulges and the 6 strokes form together 8 units, encoding the total precipitation during the Flood, 80 micromoiras= 80x0.11= 9 meters of water. (Refs.21-26) Dating Dating the Ring is not so easy. However, after some scrutiny it turns out that the right half of the upper marking has a wide and deep first part (fig.1). Counted from the bottom it is the third mar- king. It means the Ring dates from the New Kingdom, because it was the third time period in E- gyptian history with good government and prosperity.- The first part of the marking suggests the 18th Dynasty, because it was the first dynasty of the New Kingdom. The wide and smooth first part represents the sailing route from North Scotland, at 58°N, to NW Iceland, at 66°N. This is a latitude difference of 66-58= 8°.- As mentioned before, the Ring shows a total of 9 units. It corresponds to the latitude of the North Pole, at 90°N. It means, that each unit corresponds with 90/9= 10°, or 10 moiras. It confirms, the Gold Ring was made in the 10+8= 18th Dynasty of Egypt (1580-1314 BC). The whole stroke represents the sailing route from North Scotland, at 58°N, to East Greenland at the holy Arctic Circle, at 67°N. This is a latitude difference of 67-58= 9°. The Ring shows a total of 9 units. It confirms, again, the Gold Ring was made in the 9+9= 18th Dynasty of Egypt. Discussion The face of the Ring shows the most important Crossings of the Atlantic. It means, the Ring was not made in America, but in the Old World.- The Northern Crossing of the Ocean is emphasized, because it is the longest marking. The Return Route via the Azores is indicated towards Cape Fi- nisterre, NW Spain, which is a northern destination. It appears, the Ring was made somewhere in Western Europe, probably NW Europe, but definitely not in the area around the Mediterranean Sea. Across the Ocean a metal trade existed between the start of the Fifth Dynasty and the end of the Nineteenth Dynasty (Bronze Age, c.2500-1200 BC) (Refs.7-9,27-30). It should be realized, that during this whole time period America was part of the Egyptian World Empire (Atlantis). Cop- per was exported from Upper Michigan, tin and silver from Bolivia, and gold was traded at the mouth of the Amazone River. Chances are high that the gold of this Ring is descended from South America. During the whole mentioned time period a quantity of 10 tons of gold was ex- ported to the Old World. (Refs.30,31)
  4. 4. Fig.2 Chart of the North Atlantic Ocean (Ref.32) References 1. Steve Shaffer, personal communication. 2. Midwestern Epigraphic Society, Website: 3. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., How the Sungod Reached America, c.2500 BC, A Guide to Megalithic Sites, MCS Inc., 2002 (ISBN 0-917054-19-9). Available: MCS Inc., Box 3392, Kirkland, Wa 98083, also on CD. Website: 4. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “The Discovery of the Atlantic Islands”, Ancient American, Vol.13, No.81, pgs.18-25 (2008). 5. De Jonge, R.M., Website: 6. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Three Continents (Santo Stefano, North Sardinia, Italy, c. 2300 BC)”, Ancient American, Vol.12, No.76, pgs.28-29 (2007), Ref.5. 7. De Jonge, R.M., “The Mystic Symbol, mark of the Michigan Mound Builders”, Ref.5, to be published. 8. De Jonge, R.M., “Houghton’s Petroglyph (Copper Country, Michigan, 2500-1200 BC)”, Ref.5, to be published. 9. Wakefield, J.S., and De Jonge, R.M., Rocks & Rows, Sailing Routes across the Atlantic and the Copper Trade, MCS Inc, 2010 (ISBN 0-917054-20-2). Available: MCS Inc, Box 3392, Kirkland, Wa USA 98033. Website: 10. De Jonge, R.M., “The Comet Catastrophe of c.2345 BC”, (seven articles),
  5. 5. Webpage: 11. Peiser, B.J., Palmer, T., Bailey, M.E., Natural Catastrophes during Bronze Age Civilizati- ons, BAR International Series 728, Oxford, 1998 (ISBN 0-86054-916-X). 12. Baillie, M.G.L., “Hints that Cometary Debris played some Role in several Tree-Ring Da- ted Environmental Downturns in the Bronze Age”, Ref.11, pgs.109-117. 13. Peiser, B.J., “Evidence for a Global Disaster in the Late 3rd Millennium BC”, Ref.11, pgs. 117-140. 14. Courty, M.-A., “The Soil Record of an Exceptional Event at 4000 BP in the Middle East”, Ref.11, pgs.93-109. 15. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Serpent, Faber and Faber, London, 1982. 16. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Winter, Blackwell, Oxford, 1990. 17. Joseph, F., Survivors of Atlantis, Their Impact on World Culture, Bear & Co., Vermont 2004 (ISBN 1-59143-0-040-2). 18. Baillie, M., Exodus to Arthur, Catastrophic Encounters with Comets, BT Batsford Ltd., London, 1999 (ISBN 0-7134-8681-3). 19. Grondine, E.P., Man and Impact in the Americas, Kempton, Illinois (2005) (ISBN 0-9776-152-0-0). 20. Palmer, T., “Catastrophes, the Deluvial Evidence”, Website: 21. De Jonge, R.M., “Discovery of America and the Flood (c.2300 BC, Ita Letra, Villarrica, Paraguay)”, Ref.5, to be published. 22. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Australia and the Flood (The Rainbow Serpent Shel- ter, Mt. Borradaile, Arnhem Land)”, Ref.5, to be published. 23. De Jonge, R.M., “The Brandenburg Stone, Comet Catastrophe of 536/540 AD” (560 AD, Battletown, Meade County, Kentucky), Ref.5, to be published. 24. De Jonge, R.M., “The Myths of Monks Mound (Cahokia, Illinois, 650-1400 AD)”, Ref.5, to be published. 25. De Jonge, R.M., “Four Ancient Stories (Poverty Point, NE Louisiana, c.700 BC)”, Ref.5, to be published. 26. De Jonge, R.M., “The Ikom Monoliths and the Flood (1200 BC-200 AD, Cross River Sta- te, Nigeria)”, Ref.5, to be published. 27. Rydholm, C.F., Michigan Copper, The Untold Story, Winter Cabin Books, Marquette, 2006 (ISBN 0-9744679-2-8). 28. De Jonge, R.M., “Petroglyph of a Sailing Boat (Copper Harbor, Upper Michigan, c.1640 BC)”, Ref.5, to be published. 29. De Jonge, R.M., “Copper Trade with the Old World (Poverty Point, NE Louisiana)”, Ref.5, to be published. 30. De Jonge, R.M., “The Battersea Shield (River Thames, London, c.190 BC)”, Ref.5, to be published. 31. De Jonge, R.M., The Phaistos Disc Decoded, New Testimony of a Lost Civilization, Mid- western Epigraphic Journal, Vol.20, 111-115 (2006), and Vol.21, 74-80 (2007), to be publish- ed. 32. Grote Winkler Prins Encyclopedie, 7de druk, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1975) (Dutch)