to the 9 islands of the Azores. It was discovered by the 9th, and last, king Unas (c.2403-2370
BC) of the Fifth Dynasty. (Refs.7-9)
Fig.1 The Gold Ring tells the story of the Egyptian discovery of America and the Biblical Flood
(18th Dynasty, Grand Canyon, Arizona, courtesy Steve Shaffer, Refs.1,2)
Then, suddenly, a huge Comet appeared in the sky. The head of the Comet resembled Green-
land, consisting of ice and stones. The tail of the Comet resembled the North Atlantic Ocean,
containing a huge amount of water. The 6 strokes correspond to Cape Farvel, the south point
of Greenland, at 60°N. The big circle represents the planet Earth, which passed through the
tail of the Comet during 60 days. The falling stones were causing horrible forest-fires, and the
melting ice resulted in torrential rains and worldwide floodings. It was completely dark on
The 6 strokes also correspond to a second time period of 60 days after it. The climate was
completely disrupted. The terrible rains continued, but it also became very cold. So, the rains
changed into ferrocious snow and hail storms.- In antiquity the use of complementary latitu-
des was very common. The Nile Delta of Egypt, at the complementary latitude of 90-60=
30°N, refers to the 30 days of the month. The four markings on the face of the Ring confirm
the total duration of the Flood, 4 months, or 4x30= 60+60= 120 days. (Refs.11-20)
The Ring has 2 big bulges, 6 strokes, and 6+1= 7 carvings, encoding the 2.6 million casualties
of this worldwide Catastrophe (a number of 7 figures, 54%). It has 2 bulges, 2 bulges, and 7
carvings, encoding the 2.2 million survivors. Most of them were seriously injured. The Ring
has 4 markings, and 2 bulges + 6 strokes, confirming the world population before the Flood,
2.6+2.2= 4.8 million men. (Ref.10)
It has 4 markings and a big circle, the 5th marking, confirming the 54% victims. The Ring
was found in the Grand Canyon at about 36°N. The Grand Canyon symbolizes the huge force
of water on the surface of the Earth. It corresponds to the circumference of the Earth, 36 Moi-
ras, or 360°. It confirms it was a wordwide Catastrophe. The complementary latitude of 90-36
= 54°N confirms the percentage of casualties, 54%.
The 6 strokes show the Catastrophe occurred in the Sixth Dynasty of Egypt. The first stroke at
the bottom encodes the 1st king Teti (c.2370-2338 BC). It happened during his reign.- The 2
bulges and the 6 strokes form together 8 units, encoding the total precipitation during the
Flood, 80 micromoiras= 80x0.11= 9 meters of water. (Refs.21-26)
Dating the Ring is not so easy. However, after some scrutiny it turns out that the right half of the
upper marking has a wide and deep first part (fig.1). Counted from the bottom it is the third mar-
king. It means the Ring dates from the New Kingdom, because it was the third time period in E-
gyptian history with good government and prosperity.- The first part of the marking suggests the
18th Dynasty, because it was the first dynasty of the New Kingdom.
The wide and smooth first part represents the sailing route from North Scotland, at 58°N, to NW
Iceland, at 66°N. This is a latitude difference of 66-58= 8°.- As mentioned before, the Ring
shows a total of 9 units. It corresponds to the latitude of the North Pole, at 90°N. It means, that
each unit corresponds with 90/9= 10°, or 10 moiras. It confirms, the Gold Ring was made in the
10+8= 18th Dynasty of Egypt (1580-1314 BC).
The whole stroke represents the sailing route from North Scotland, at 58°N, to East Greenland at
the holy Arctic Circle, at 67°N. This is a latitude difference of 67-58= 9°. The Ring shows a total
of 9 units. It confirms, again, the Gold Ring was made in the 9+9= 18th Dynasty of Egypt.
The face of the Ring shows the most important Crossings of the Atlantic. It means, the Ring was
not made in America, but in the Old World.- The Northern Crossing of the Ocean is emphasized,
because it is the longest marking. The Return Route via the Azores is indicated towards Cape Fi-
nisterre, NW Spain, which is a northern destination. It appears, the Ring was made somewhere in
Western Europe, probably NW Europe, but definitely not in the area around the Mediterranean
Across the Ocean a metal trade existed between the start of the Fifth Dynasty and the end of the
Nineteenth Dynasty (Bronze Age, c.2500-1200 BC) (Refs.7-9,27-30). It should be realized, that
during this whole time period America was part of the Egyptian World Empire (Atlantis). Cop-
per was exported from Upper Michigan, tin and silver from Bolivia, and gold was traded at the
mouth of the Amazone River. Chances are high that the gold of this Ring is descended from
South America. During the whole mentioned time period a quantity of 10 tons of gold was ex-
ported to the Old World. (Refs.30,31)
Fig.2 Chart of the North Atlantic Ocean (Ref.32)
1. Steve Shaffer, personal communication.
2. Midwestern Epigraphic Society, Website: www.midwesternepigraphic.org
3. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., How the Sungod Reached America, c.2500 BC, A
Guide to Megalithic Sites, MCS Inc., 2002 (ISBN 0-917054-19-9). Available: MCS Inc., Box
3392, Kirkland, Wa 98083, also on CD. Website: www.howthesungod.com
4. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., “The Discovery of the Atlantic Islands”, Ancient
American, Vol.13, No.81, pgs.18-25 (2008).
5. De Jonge, R.M., Website: www.slideshare.net/rmdejonge
6. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Three Continents (Santo Stefano, North Sardinia, Italy, c.
2300 BC)”, Ancient American, Vol.12, No.76, pgs.28-29 (2007), Ref.5.
7. De Jonge, R.M., “The Mystic Symbol, mark of the Michigan Mound Builders”, Ref.5, to be
8. De Jonge, R.M., “Houghton’s Petroglyph (Copper Country, Michigan, 2500-1200 BC)”,
Ref.5, to be published.
9. Wakefield, J.S., and De Jonge, R.M., Rocks & Rows, Sailing Routes across the Atlantic
and the Copper Trade, MCS Inc, 2010 (ISBN 0-917054-20-2). Available: MCS Inc, Box
3392, Kirkland, Wa USA 98033. Website: www.rocksandrows.com
10. De Jonge, R.M., “The Comet Catastrophe of c.2345 BC”, (seven articles),
11. Peiser, B.J., Palmer, T., Bailey, M.E., Natural Catastrophes during Bronze Age Civilizati-
ons, BAR International Series 728, Oxford, 1998 (ISBN 0-86054-916-X).
12. Baillie, M.G.L., “Hints that Cometary Debris played some Role in several Tree-Ring Da-
ted Environmental Downturns in the Bronze Age”, Ref.11, pgs.109-117.
13. Peiser, B.J., “Evidence for a Global Disaster in the Late 3rd Millennium BC”, Ref.11, pgs.
14. Courty, M.-A., “The Soil Record of an Exceptional Event at 4000 BP in the Middle East”,
15. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Serpent, Faber and Faber, London, 1982.
16. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Winter, Blackwell, Oxford, 1990.
17. Joseph, F., Survivors of Atlantis, Their Impact on World Culture, Bear & Co., Vermont
2004 (ISBN 1-59143-0-040-2).
18. Baillie, M., Exodus to Arthur, Catastrophic Encounters with Comets, BT Batsford Ltd.,
London, 1999 (ISBN 0-7134-8681-3).
19. Grondine, E.P., Man and Impact in the Americas, Kempton, Illinois (2005) (ISBN
20. Palmer, T., “Catastrophes, the Deluvial Evidence”,
21. De Jonge, R.M., “Discovery of America and the Flood (c.2300 BC, Ita Letra, Villarrica,
Paraguay)”, Ref.5, to be published.
22. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Australia and the Flood (The Rainbow Serpent Shel-
ter, Mt. Borradaile, Arnhem Land)”, Ref.5, to be published.
23. De Jonge, R.M., “The Brandenburg Stone, Comet Catastrophe of 536/540 AD” (560 AD,
Battletown, Meade County, Kentucky), Ref.5, to be published.
24. De Jonge, R.M., “The Myths of Monks Mound (Cahokia, Illinois, 650-1400 AD)”, Ref.5,
to be published.
25. De Jonge, R.M., “Four Ancient Stories (Poverty Point, NE Louisiana, c.700 BC)”, Ref.5,
to be published.
26. De Jonge, R.M., “The Ikom Monoliths and the Flood (1200 BC-200 AD, Cross River Sta-
te, Nigeria)”, Ref.5, to be published.
27. Rydholm, C.F., Michigan Copper, The Untold Story, Winter Cabin Books, Marquette,
2006 (ISBN 0-9744679-2-8).
28. De Jonge, R.M., “Petroglyph of a Sailing Boat (Copper Harbor, Upper Michigan, c.1640
BC)”, Ref.5, to be published.
29. De Jonge, R.M., “Copper Trade with the Old World (Poverty Point, NE Louisiana)”,
Ref.5, to be published.
30. De Jonge, R.M., “The Battersea Shield (River Thames, London, c.190 BC)”, Ref.5, to be
31. De Jonge, R.M., The Phaistos Disc Decoded, New Testimony of a Lost Civilization, Mid-
western Epigraphic Journal, Vol.20, 111-115 (2006), and Vol.21, 74-80 (2007), to be publish-
32. Grote Winkler Prins Encyclopedie, 7de druk, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1975) (Dutch)