February 21, 2010
THE DISCOVERY OF AUSTRALIA
AND THE FLOOD
(The Rainbow Serpent Shelter, Mt. Borradaile, Arnhem Land)
Dr. R.M. de Jonge, email@example.com
The Rainbow Serpent Shelter of Mount Borradaile in Arnhem Land, N.T., Australia, has a
beautiful painting of a Serpent, symbolizing the Egyptian god Maat. A Second Painting
shows the discovery of Australia by the 2nd king Djoser of the Third Dynasty
(c.2753-2723 BC). It also tells the story of the Flood, which ended the Old Kingdom. This
painting dates from the First Intermediate Period (c.2190-2007 BC). The painting of the
Serpent is probably slightly older (c.2750-2007 BC).
Arnhem Land is the upper region of Northern Territory, Australia. Mount Borradaile is lo-
cated at Cooper Creek, at 12°S. It is in the northwest of this area, above the East Alligator
River (fig.3). Both rivers empty in the Van Diemen Gulf in the west.- Mount Borradaile is
located at a distance of 25km from the coast, and about 50km northeast of the well-known
Kakadu National Park. The whole area is famous for its prehistoric rock paintings. Some
of these are made by the oldest inhabitants of Australia, more than 10,000 years ago.
Around Mount Borradaile (‘Awunbarna’) are hundreds of rock shelters. The walls of these
shelters are often decorated by paintings. In most cases these paintings cover each other
more or less. New paintings are applied on top of older creations. There are many hints
suggesting that most of these shelters were used as habitation sites. The ceilings are often
covered by black soot, and big middens are found in the immediate vicinity (Ref.1).
The Rainbow Serpent Shelter is totally different. At first sight there is only one splendid
painting of an enormous Serpent (fig.1). It has a length of 6.1 meters (20 feet), the longest
serpent drawing in Australia. Its big head resembles that of a dragon, with rows of fear-
some teeth in the jaws. The distance between the tips of the distended jaws is almost a me-
ter. The spine and rib structure of the beast are carefully indicated. The whole composition
is beautifully painted, with fine lines of red ochre on a white background.
The serpent plays an important role in all major religions, but also in the myths of the regi-
on. “To Aborigines, they are among the most potent and profound of all rock paintings.”
“In its various guises, the Rainbow Serpents of western Arnhem Land originated from the
sea …”. “They are associated with the procreative and regenerative forces of nature …”,
but sometimes also with “… retribution and destruction.” The scholar Mr. G. Chaloupka
believes this Serpent is called ‘Aburga’, painted within the last 1,500 years by the now ex-
tinct Amurdak-speaking Malakiri clan (Ref.1).
Authors Roberts and Parker write in their book “Ancient Ochres, the Aboriginal Paintings
of Mount Borradaile” (Ref.1): “This is a dry, accessible shelter with no signs of habitati-
on, indicating that it was strictly a ceremonial site. There are various habitation shelters in
the immediate vicinity. In this particular shelter there is very little art other than the main i-
mage, and there have been no images superimposed over any part of it. Clearly, this is tes-
timony to the importance of this painting.”
We believe this Rainbow Serpent is the symbol of Maat, the Egyptian god of law and order
in the universe (Refs.2,3). This god was already important before the official start of the E-
gyptian civilization, with the 1st king Menes of the First Dynasty (c.3100 BC). The distant
island of Australia was reached centuries later, when this civilization flourished as never
Mount Borradaile is located at 12°S. The open mouth of the Serpent possesses 8+9= 17
teeth. Together with the thin, pointed tongue it forms 17+1= 18 units, corresponding to the
East and West Coasts of Australia, 18° south of Mt. Borradaile, at 12+18= 30°S. Between
both Coasts South Australia is located, having a width of about 3 Moiras, or 30°. This la-
titude twice encodes the Nile Delta, at 30°N. The Serpent may even represent the River Ni-
le, with its head as the Nile Delta.- It may also refer to the Third Dynasty (c.2769-2678
BC), when Australia was discovered (Refs.4-7)!
Slightly later, c.2500 BC, the Egyptians discovered the Atlantic Crossing to Central Ame-
rica. It was considered as ‘the Realm of the Dead in the west, at the other side of the wa-
ters (the Atlantic Ocean), the Land where the Sun sets’ (Refs.2-12). The 18 units just men-
tioned may refer to the south point of the Gulf of Campeche, Mexico, the center of the
holy Land of Punt, at 18°N. It also corresponds to half of the circumference of the planet
Earth, 18 Moiras, or 180°, which was considered as the distance to the ‘Underworld.’
It might also encode the south point of Carpentaria Gulf, Australia, at 18°S, not far from
Mt. Borradaile, if this area was considered holy as well. This site is located 18-12= 6°
south of the Serpent Shelter, referring to the six dynasties of the Old Kingdom. All these
important discoveries happened in this early time period!
Fig.1 The Rainbow Serpent of Mount Borradaile, having a length of 6.1 meters, symboli-
zes the Egyptian god Maat. (Red and white ochre, Arnhem Land, Australia, c.2800-2000
BC) (Courtesy D.A. Roberts and A. Parker)
Discovery of Australia
Besides the Serpent is another, white painting in the cave (fig.2), having a surface area of
more than half a square meter (Ref.1). Three thick horizontal lines, which start from a mu-
tual point at the left side, are cut by a curved, vertical line in the center. A possible inter-
pretation is easier now, because a line may represent a Royal Lineage, or Dynasty.
The first three lines could represent the first three Dynasties of Egypt. The curved, vertical
line may symbolize the coast of the continent of Australia. The left part of the painting ap-
pears to mean, that Australia was discovered by Egyptians in the Third Dynasty
(c.2769-2678 BC). The petroglyphs in the passage grave of Dissignac in Brittany, France,
confirms it (Refs.2,3). It has a glyph of a coast map of Australia, dated c.2700 BC.
The painting contains a second piece of information. A line may also represent the period
of reign of a king. The 2nd line at the left side produces 2 lines at the right side. So, it is in-
dicated twice, that the 2nd king Djoser (c.2753-2723 BC) discovered Australia. More than
three different ‘artifacts’ are known, which confirm it (Refs.4-7). The three lines at the left
side confirm his thirty years of reign.
Mount Borradaile is located at 12°S. The latitude line of the site hits Cape York, Queens-
land, in the east. It shows the discovery of Australia via the eastern crossing from the is-
land of New Guinea to this Cape, 12 Moiras, or 120° east of the Nile Delta, when measu-
red along the equator. The meridian, or NS-line, of Mount Borradaile hits little Oxley Is-
land in the north, at 11°S, 11 Moiras, or 110° east of the Nile Delta. It illustrates twice the
simultaneous discovery of the western crossing from the southern island of Roti, Indone-
sia, at 11°S, to the Kimberley District (West Australia). The meridian of the Serpent Shel-
ter (at 133°E) hits the South Coast of Australia, at 32°S. This is 32-12= 20°, or 2 Moiras to
the south, confirming both discoveries by the 2nd king Djoser.
The central horizontal line bifurcates at the right side of the figure. When counting the li-
nes from top to bottom, starting at the upper half of the curved line, the right side of the
painting turns out to consist of a total of 6 lines. These might represent the first 6 dynasties
of Egypt. Together these form the Old Kingdom. So, this side of the painting appears to
confirm that Australia was discovered by Egyptians during this early time period
The whole painting shows Australia has known the important influence of the Old King-
dom, between the Third and the Sixth Dynasty. This 2nd painting, in honor of the 2nd king
Djoser, deals with the ancient Egyptian influence in Australia, and so does the big Rain-
bow Serpent, representing the Egyptian god Maat.
Fig.2 The Second Painting in the Rainbow Serpent Shelter shows the discovery of Austra-
lia in the Third Dynasty (the 3 lines at the left side). The 2nd line (left) produces 2 lines
(right), twice referring to the 2nd king Djoser.- It also shows the Cosmic collision between
the Earth (moving along the vertical line) and a huge Comet. (White ochre, Arnhem Land,
Australia, c.2200-2000 BC) (Courtesy D.A. Roberts and A. Parker)
The Second Painting (fig.2) has a second meaning. At the right side below the remains of a
dead woman are shown. The 5th line finishes at her head, and the 6th line ends at her bot-
tom. It is known that the Fifth Dynasty was finished by a huge Comet Catastrophe, which
resulted in the weak Sixth Dynasty, which became the last one of the Old Kingdom. This
horrible Catastrophe (c.2345 BC) has put an end to all ancient civilizations on Earth (Refs.
The whole painting now represents a Comet (or Comet Swarm). The white area at the left
side is the head of the Comet, consisting of ice and stones, and the right side symbolizes
the tail of the Comet. The vertical curved line is now the path of the planet Earth through
the tail of the Comet. The Comet consists of 3+4= 7 lines. The path of the Earth through
the Comet consists of 2 lines, the upper half and the lower half. So, the whole painting
consists of 7+2= 9 lines, encoding the 9 months for the shown woman to give birth. So,
each line may correspond to a month.
The tail of the Comet consists of 4 lines. So, the whole calamity lasted for a time period of
4 months. The 2 closely spaced lines in the center show the Earth disappeared in the tail of
the Comet for a period of 2 months. The falling rocks caused huge forest fires, and the
melting ice of the Comet caused torrential rains. There were huge foodings everywhere. It
was completely dark on Earth. This time period was probably the worst.
After these two months the planet Earth left the tail of the Comet. However, the edge of the
tail consists of another 2 lines. It shows there was a second period of 2 months after it. The
whole climate on Earth was completely disrupted. The torrential rains continued, but it also
became bitterly cold. So, these rains were slowly changing in ferrocious snow and hail
storms. The huge floodings continued, and many people now died from starvation
The meridian of Mount Borradaile passes through Doberai Peninsula, New Guinea, over
2° (from the equator to 2°S), confirming the first time period of 2 months. The width of the
island of New Guinea equals 2 Moiras, confirming it.- The meridian also passes through
Bomberai Peninsula over 2° (from 2°S to 4°S), confirming the second time period of 2
months. The distance from Mt. Borradaile to the South Coast of Australia equals 20° (from
12°S to 32°S), confirming it.- The meridian passes across the Pacific Ocean from the north
coast of New Guinea via Japan to the South Coast of Russia, near the present town of Na-
hodka, over 4 Moiras, confirming the whole time period of 2+2= 4 months. Mt. Borra-
daile is located at 12°S, confirming the duration of the Flood, 4x30= 120 days.
The Comet consists of 3+4= 7 lines (fig.2). So, there were millions of casualties (a number
of 7 figures). The curved, vertical line hits the bottom of the dead woman. It consists of an
upper half and a lower half. So, there were 2 million casualties. The lowest line of the tail
of the Comet hits the head of the woman. The right part of the painting has a total of 2+4=
6 lines. The tail of the Comet consists of 4 lines. So, there were an additional 4 hundred
thousand casualties (a number of 6 figures). It appears, there were a total of circa 2.4 mil-
The dead person clearly is a woman, because she is depicted with long hair and breasts.
This drawing consists of 7 thin lines, confirming the millions of victims (a number of 7 fi-
gures). The number of women on Earth equals the number of men. So, it appears there we-
re also circa 2.4 million survivors. So, before the Flood the world population was appa-
rently 2.4+2.4= 4.8 million men.
The meridian of Mount Borradaile (at 133°E) runs from little Oxley Island, at 11°S, to the
south coast of New Guinea, at 4°S, over 11-4= 7° across the Arafura Sea, confirming the
millions of casualties (a number of 7 figures). It runs in New Guinea over 4°, and from the
site to the South Coast of Australia over 20°, confirming the number of casualties, 2.0+
0.4= circa 2.4 million men. It also confirms the number of survivors, as well as the total
world population before the Flood.- The meridian hits the Adélie Coast of Antarctica, at
66°S. The complementary latitude of 90-66= 24°S confirms all the numbers, again. How-
ever, this coast was not known before king Mentuhotep II (c.2026-2014 BC) of the Ele-
venth Dynasty, who discovered Antarctica (Ref.7).
The meridian of Mt. Borradaile hits the archipellago of Oki-Shoto, Japan, at 36°N. It is
12+36= 48° above the Serpent Shelter, confirming the initial world population of 4.8 mil-
lion men. The latitude corresponds with the circumference of the planet Earth, 36 Moiras,
or 360°, confirming it was a worldwide Catastrophe. The relative latitude determines the
exact number of casualties, (48/90)x4.8= 2.6 million men (54%). The complementary lati-
tude of Oki-Shoto, at 90-36= 54°N, confirms the percentage. The exact number of survi-
vors turns out to be 4.8-2.6= 2.2 million men. Most of them were seriously wounded.- The
meridian hits the South Coast of Russia, near the present town of Nahodka, at 42.5°N.
Rounded off, the latitude equals 42°N. The complementary latitude of 90-42= 48°N con-
firms all the mentioned numbers, again.
We shall return to the white painting, again (fig.2). The lowest line of the tail of the Comet
hits the head of the dead woman. So, the head of the Comet should be used! This line is
part of the edge of the whole Comet. The two lines near the head of the Comet, at the left
side, now determine the 2 million casualties (a number of 7 figures). The 2+4= 6 lines at
the right side determine an additional 6 hundred thousand casualties (a number of 6 figu-
res). So, in total there were 2.6 million casualties, indeed.- The second line in the center of
the Comet bifurcates at the right side. Previously, this line twice encoded the 2nd king Djo-
ser, who discovered Australia. So, there were 2.2 million survivors, most of them seriously
injured. It is confirmed, that before the Flood the world population was 2.6+2.2= 4.8 mil-
lion men (Refs.12,15).
The meridian of the site hits the south coast of the small Kai Archipellago, Indonesia, at
6°S. The South Coast of Australia is located 26° lower, at 6+26= 32°S. It confirms the 2.6
million victims of the Comet Catastrophe. Little Oxley Island is located 5° lower, at 6+5=
11°S, which confirms the Catastrophe ended the Fifth Dynasty. Mt. Borradaile itself is lo-
cated 6° lower, at 6+6= 12°S, twice confirming the Catastrophe happened in the Sixth Dy-
nasty. Little Oxley Island is located 1° above the Shelter, which shows the Flood happened
during the reign of the 1st king Teti (c.2370-2338 BC) of this Dynasty. The mentioned
South Coast of Australia, at 32°S, confirms his 32 years of reign. The distance from Mt.
Borradaile to Cape York, Queensland, equals 1 Moira, or 10°, confirming this 1st king. The
Flood happened c.2345 BC (tree-ring dating), which was during his period of reign, indeed
The meridian of Mount Borradaile hits the south coast of New Guinea 8° above the site, at
12-8= 4°S. It shows, the total precipitation during the Flood was about 80 micromoiras=
80x0.11= 8.9, or c.9 meters of water. It should be compared with the normal, yearly preci-
pitation in this area of 1.4 meters of water.- The complementary latitude of the Serpent
Shelter encodes a place in Antarctica on this meridian, at 90-12= 78°S. It confirms the pre-
cipitation, partly as snow and hail, about 78 micromoiras. Little Oxley Island is located at
11°S. The complementary latitude of 90-11= 79°S confirms it, again.- All these details are
known from several other monuments and petroglyphs all over the World (Ref.15). In the
Bible this Comet Catastrophe has been described as the Deluge or the Flood.
The Second Painting probably dates from the First Intermediate Period (FIP), c.2190-2007
BC, which is the time period after the Old Kingdom. The big Rainbow Serpent might be
older, possibly already dating from the Third Dynasty, so c.2750-2007 BC. Both datings
are much older than previously suggested (c.500-2000 AD, Ref.1). There are many reasons
to believe, that the Second Painting was made after the Rainbow Serpent. The Serpent
symbolizes the power of the Old Kingdom, while the Second Painting deals with the end
of this civilization.
Fig.3 Mount Borradaile is located at Cooper Creek, Arnhem Land, at 12°S, above the East
Alligator River. (Courtesy D.A. Roberts and A. Parker)
1. Roberts, D.A., and Parker, A., “Ancient Ochres, The Aboriginal Paintings of Mount
Borradaile”, J.B. Books, Australia, 2003 (ISBN 1-876622-42-3), pgs.7,66-68.
2. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., How the SunGod Reached America c.2500 BC, A
Guide to Megalithic Sites, 2002 (ISBN 0-917054-19-9). Available: MCS Inc., Box 3392,
Kirkland, Wa 98083-3392, also on CD.
3. De Jonge, R.M., and Wakefield, J.S., Website: www.howthesungod.com
4. De Jonge, R.M., Website: www.slideshare.net/rmdejonge/
5. De Jonge, R.M., “The Discovery of Three Continents (Santo Stefano, North Sardinia,
Italy, c.2300 BC)”, Ancient American, Vol.12, No.76, pgs.28-29 (2007), Ref.4.
6. De Jonge, R.M., “The Battersea Shield (River Thames, London, c.190 BC)”, Ref.4, to
7. De Jonge, R.M., The Phaistos Disc Decoded, New Testimony of a Lost Civilization,
Midwestern Epigraphic Journal, Vol.20, 111-115 (2006), and Vol.21, 74-80 (2007), to be
8. De Jonge, R.M., “Houghton’s Petroglyph (Copper Country, Michigan, 2500-1200 BC)”,
Ref.4, to be published.
9. De Jonge, R.M., “The Mystic Symbol, mark of the Michigan Mound Builders”, Ref.4,
to be published.
10. De Jonge, R.M., “Four Ancient Stories (Poverty Point, NE Louisiana, c.700 BC)”,
Ref.4, to be published.
11. De Jonge, R.M., “Discovery of America and the Flood (c.2300 BC, Ita Letra, Villarri-
ca, Paraguay), Ref.4, to be published.
12. Wakefield, J.S., and De Jonge, R.M., Rocks & Rows, Sailing Routes across the Atlan-
tic and the Copper Trade, MCS Inc, 2010 (ISBN 0-917054-20-2). Available: MCS Inc,
Box 3392, Kirkland, Wa USA 98033.
13. Casson, L., Ships and Seafaring in Ancient Times, British Museum Press, 1994 (ISBN
14. Wachsmann, S., Seagoing Ships and Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant, College
Station, Texas, 1998.
15. De Jonge, R.M., “The Comet Catastrophe of c.2345 BC”, (five articles),
16. Peiser, B.J., Palmer, T., Bailey, M.E., Natural Catastrophes during Bronze Age
Civilizations, BAR International Series 728, Oxford, 1998 (ISBN 0-86054-916-X).
17. Peiser, B.J., “Evidence for a Global Disaster in the Late 3rd Millennium BC”, Ref.16,
18. Baillie, M.G.L., “Hints that Cometary Debris played some Role in several Tree-Ring
Dated Environmental Downturns in the Bronze Age”, Ref.16, pgs.109-117.
19. Baillie, M., Exodus to Arthur, Catastrophic Encounters with Comets, BT Batsford Ltd.,
London, 1999 (ISBN 0-7134-8681-3)
20. Clube, S.V.M., and Napier, W.M., The Cosmic Winter, Blackwell, Oxford, 1990.
21. Joseph, F., Survivors of Atlantis, Their Impact on World Culture, Bear & Co., Ver-mont
2004 (ISBN 1-59143-0-040-2).
22. Grondine, E.P., Man and Impact in the Americas, Kempton, Illinois (2005) (ISBN
23. Palmer, T., “Catastrophes, the Deluvial Evidence”,