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Leonardo Journal at 50:
Networking the growing
communities
of practice that bridge the arts and
sciences
Roger F Malina
Frank Malina, Astronautics Pioneer, Kinetic Artist,
Founder of Leonardo Journal
October 11 1945
White Sands Missile Range
• The WAC Corporal
• reached an altitude
• of 235,000 feet
• 25 pounds payload
•...
A comment on the birth of ‘Rocket Science”
• The bridging of mathematics and engineering
not self evident
• Difficult inte...
Innovation through a collaborative team: the founding
of the NASA Jet Propulsion Lab
•
BUMPER WAC: 24 Feb 1949
•
On 24 July 1950 a BUMPER WAC was
first launched from Cape Canaveral
•
Reached 244 miles
•First h...
UNESCO
• 1946-53
• Deputy then Director for Science
• Hylean Amazon
• Negev Desert
• UNESCO congresses Algeria, India,
• P...
Kinetic Artist:
•KINETIC ARTIST
• First art and technology
show 1955
• Lumidyne System
• Interactive art= sound
triggering...
My Father’s Four Obsessions ( at least )
•Art and Science
• He declared after a painting lesson
in Paris :
• “I am tired o...
Two More Obsessions
• International context and
collaboration
• The UNESCO experience
• Why are artists defined by the
cit...
Founding of Journal LEONARDO
• Conceived in 1965 through
discussions with Robert Maxwell
• Founded 1967
• Art-Science and ...
Artists as Researchers
• Leonardo Journal
• Kinetic Art Movement
• Op Art Movement
• Cybernetics Serendipity 1968
• Experi...
Artists Working With Scientists and Engineers
Individuals with Hybrid Careers
• Frank Malina
• C.P.Snow
• Joseph Needham
•...
A context then and now
• A generation of survivors of World War II
• Creation of new international organisations..air trav...
And Now ?
• « Ask Not What the Sciences can do for the Arts…Ask what the
Arts can do for the Sciences¨….Roy Ascott
• The «...
•International Call for Community Contributions
•70 Abstracts Received, 54 Full Papers, 3 Meta Analyses
•35 Prior Reports
...
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1142510, Collaborative Resea...
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1142510, Collaborative Resea...
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1142510, Collaborative Resea...
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1142510, Collaborative Resea...
University of Texas at Dallas ArtSciLab
• Data Exploration, Data Representation, Data Dramatisation
• Data sets from multi...
1st Data Set: CSTAR robotic telescope in
Antarctica
Composer Scot Gresham Lancaster with Prof Carlos Aiken
Sonification of
Geosciences Data
Surface Geology
Seismic data
Lidar...
Interactive Sonic and Visual Representations of
Connectome Brain Data sets
Gagan Wig, Brain Science
Max Schich, Art Histor...
Experimental Publishing and
Knowledge Curation
Prof Cassini Nazir,
Emerging Media and Communications
Students:
Cathryn Plo...
David Marlett
•Executive Director of the
US National Crowdfunding
Association
•Crowd-funding and
Crowd-sourcing of
ArtSciL...
THANK YOU- SEE YOU IN DALLAS
Artscilab.utdallas.edu
Roger Malina on A Historical Perspective on the Art-Sci-Tech field
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Roger Malina on A Historical Perspective on the Art-Sci-Tech field

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Presentation given by Roger Malina on July 26 2014 at Kettle's Yard, Cambridge UK at
White Heat: art, science and
social responsibility in 1960s Britain
talk title is
The Leonardo Journal at 50_ networking the arts,sciences and technology now. The talk takes the person of Frank Malina, founder of Leonardo Journal as the springboard for a historical perspective

Published in: Science
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Roger Malina on A Historical Perspective on the Art-Sci-Tech field

  1. 1. Leonardo Journal at 50: Networking the growing communities of practice that bridge the arts and sciences Roger F Malina
  2. 2. Frank Malina, Astronautics Pioneer, Kinetic Artist, Founder of Leonardo Journal
  3. 3. October 11 1945 White Sands Missile Range • The WAC Corporal • reached an altitude • of 235,000 feet • 25 pounds payload • R.F.Nitric Acid- Aniline • A student project- Frank Malina, Jack Parsons, H S Tsien, Ed Forman, A.M. Smith
  4. 4. A comment on the birth of ‘Rocket Science” • The bridging of mathematics and engineering not self evident • Difficult inter-disciplinary problems • Theodore Von Karman • Mathematics of Turbulence, Fluid Flow • Experimental Validation of hypotheses and modelling: wind tunnels • My father was one of the first ‘rocket scientists” • Demonstrated that rocketry could be developed using mathematics and experimental method
  5. 5. Innovation through a collaborative team: the founding of the NASA Jet Propulsion Lab •
  6. 6. BUMPER WAC: 24 Feb 1949 • On 24 July 1950 a BUMPER WAC was first launched from Cape Canaveral • Reached 244 miles •First human made object to reach outer space
  7. 7. UNESCO • 1946-53 • Deputy then Director for Science • Hylean Amazon • Negev Desert • UNESCO congresses Algeria, India, • Prague... • Julian Huxley • Joseph Needham • …C.P.Snow, Jacob Bronowski, Lancelot Law Whyte,….
  8. 8. Kinetic Artist: •KINETIC ARTIST • First art and technology show 1955 • Lumidyne System • Interactive art= sound triggering images • ELI Company Pioneer of Kinetic Art movement
  9. 9. My Father’s Four Obsessions ( at least ) •Art and Science • He declared after a painting lesson in Paris : • “I am tired of painting dead fish – I want to capture the new landscapes that are uncovered through science” • Making the inperceptible perceptible • Gyorgy Kepes: New Landscape in Art and Science • Art and Technology • After his first art and technology show in Paris in1955: • “ There is more technology in my kitchen than in all the galleries of Paris, why do they want artists to work with one hand tied behind their back” • Thomas Wilfred; Lumia 1920s..Theremin…Moholy Nagy.. • Nicolas Schoffer..Liliane Lijn…
  10. 10. Two More Obsessions • International context and collaboration • The UNESCO experience • Why are artists defined by the city they work in ? • Developed a growing international network; • Mathias Goeritz in Mexico, Jorge Glusberg in Argentina, Jonas Salk, • Informing the creative process with experimental psychology and cognitive sciences • “Why don’t artists use art theory” ? • “Why are art critics irrelevant to art making” • Cf mathematics and engineering, basic science and applied science • Gombrich, Arnheim, JJ Gibson
  11. 11. Founding of Journal LEONARDO • Conceived in 1965 through discussions with Robert Maxwell • Founded 1967 • Art-Science and Art-Technology • Writing by artists about their own work • Premier international peer reviewed journal • Organisation for artists, scientists, engineers • MIT Press with Leonardo Book Series
  12. 12. Artists as Researchers • Leonardo Journal • Kinetic Art Movement • Op Art Movement • Cybernetics Serendipity 1968 • Experiments in Art and Technology (E.A.T.) in NY • Software Art: Jack Burnham • Center for Advanced Visual Studies, MIT • Steve Wilson: Information Arts • Today; the PhD in Art and Design as a research degree
  13. 13. Artists Working With Scientists and Engineers Individuals with Hybrid Careers • Frank Malina • C.P.Snow • Joseph Needham • Jacob Bronowski • Gyorgy Kepes • Buckminster Fuller • Richard Gregory • Yona Friedman • A.L Copley • Claude Berge • Photo: Nicolas Schoffer 56
  14. 14. A context then and now • A generation of survivors of World War II • Creation of new international organisations..air travel..telecom • The new post WWII ‘social contract” between science and government • ( Vannevar Bush: Science the endless frontier” • Connecting the arts and sciences foregrounding cultural appropriation of science and technologies: • White Heat: art, science and social responsibility in 1960s Britain
  15. 15. And Now ? • « Ask Not What the Sciences can do for the Arts…Ask what the Arts can do for the Sciences¨….Roy Ascott • The « Strong Case » for art-science-technology interaction • The « Hard Humanities »: art –techno science collaboration as part of the tool kit for building a sustainable world….burning issues… • Innovation Theory • The US National Science Foundation SEAD Study: Enabling New forms of Collaboration between Science and Engineering with the Arts and Design ( 2013)
  16. 16. •International Call for Community Contributions •70 Abstracts Received, 54 Full Papers, 3 Meta Analyses •35 Prior Reports •200 participants, 320 suggested actions •13 ‘domains’ identified for future road mapping •Working Group Chair Roger F Malina, • Co Chair Carol Strohecker, Carol Lafayette
  17. 17. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1142510, Collaborative Research: EAGER: Network for Science, Engineering, Arts and Design (NSEAD) IIS, Human Centered Computing. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. • Translating: Problem driven connections between the academic,commercial and civil societies – 1.Project Formation and Translational Values • Convening: Overcoming thresholds and tipping points – 2. Conferences, Workshops, Camps … • Enabling: Establishing symmetrical S-E-A-D relationships – 3.Establishing safe, productive places for hybrid individuals and practices . .
  18. 18. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1142510, Collaborative Research: EAGER: Network for Science, Engineering, Arts and Design (NSEAD) IIS, Human Centered Computing. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. • Including: Spurring innovation through diversity 4. Global communities and local diversity • Embedding: Public Engagement and Negotiation 5. Societal Applications, Dissemination Citizen Science • Situating: An emerging ecology of hybrid spaces 6. “Alt Spaces” . .
  19. 19. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1142510, Collaborative Research: EAGER: Network for Science, Engineering, Arts and Design (NSEAD) IIS, Human Centered Computing. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. • Sense-Making: Embodied Cognition and Multi-Sensoriality 7. Cognitive Sciences and Neuro Biology, Life Sciences • Recording: Documenting and Transmitting 8.Publishing, Documenting, Archiving • Learning: Tapping into the passion and creativity of lifelong students 9. Full SEAD Ahead . .
  20. 20. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1142510, Collaborative Research: EAGER: Network for Science, Engineering, Arts and Design (NSEAD) IIS, Human Centered Computing. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. • Collaborating: Methodologies across disciplinary and institutional boundaries 10. Collaborations between individuals . 11. Partnering across organizational boundaries. • Thriving: The Arts And Humanities as Essential Contributors to Healthy Communities 12. Ethics and Values. 13. Well Being and Joyfulness . .
  21. 21. University of Texas at Dallas ArtSciLab • Data Exploration, Data Representation, Data Dramatisation • Data sets from multiple disciplines (astronomy, geosciences, brain sciences) • Multi-Modal (visualization, sonification, gestural) • Multiple Outputs • Shown in artistic venues • Software tool development for scientists and artists • Technology Testbed ( sound emission from nano-tube sheets) • Multiple Timescales, Symmetrical Roles • Diversity of Depths of Involvement
  22. 22. 1st Data Set: CSTAR robotic telescope in Antarctica
  23. 23. Composer Scot Gresham Lancaster with Prof Carlos Aiken Sonification of Geosciences Data Surface Geology Seismic data Lidar data
  24. 24. Interactive Sonic and Visual Representations of Connectome Brain Data sets Gagan Wig, Brain Science Max Schich, Art Historian, Scot Gresham Lancaster, Tim Perkis Music Designers Andrew Blanton, Sound Designer and Artist .
  25. 25. Experimental Publishing and Knowledge Curation Prof Cassini Nazir, Emerging Media and Communications Students: Cathryn Ploehne, Social Media Yvan Tina, Theater Studies Stephen Witt, Gaming Stephanie Brisandine, podcast radio station, mobile apps……. MIT PRESS .
  26. 26. David Marlett •Executive Director of the US National Crowdfunding Association •Crowd-funding and Crowd-sourcing of ArtSciLab Projects • Film project for the Oculus Rift
  27. 27. THANK YOU- SEE YOU IN DALLAS Artscilab.utdallas.edu

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