Chinaʼs socio-political
     cyber-scape
Slides for guest lecture in Gaurav Mishraʼs Georgetown course
 MSFS 556: Social M...
Cultural loss of control: “Back dorm boys”




          http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J2HOD-nrOY8
The “Great Firewall” in action
Search engine censorship:
Image search for “Tiananmen
        massacre”
Search engine censorship:
Image search for “Tiananmen
        massacre”
Search engine censorship:
Image search for “Tiananmen
        massacre”
Censorship by Chinese blog-hosting companies



                          Tianya blog service:
                           ...
CENSORED




Your post “Tiananmen mothers organization publishes a
 website” has been successfully submitted! Because it
c...
Political joke:
“River crab wears three watches”




“Harmonious”       “Rivercrab”
Riot in Wengʼan county, Guizhou province, Julyʼ08
                          Summer 2008 marked a shift in
                ...
“Pushups” were
                                          used by bloggers
                                            to t...
“Pushups” were
                                                       used by bloggers
                                   ...
Anti-censorship Protest video:
 “song of the alpaca sheep”




    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O3tPA_Z_MT0
Feb. 9th CCTV fire:
  netizens react
Feb. 9th CCTV fire:
  netizens react
Feb. 9th CCTV fire:
  netizens react
Cyber civil war 2.0
Cyber-tarianism?
                                                          President Hu Jintao: “We pay
                  ...
“Fifty cent party”
(pro govt. commentators)
“Eluding the cat:”
bloggers invited to
prison investigation
Cyber-nationalism
V.P. Xi Jinping in Mexico




Some foreigners who have eaten their fill
have nothing better to do than point their
        ...
V.P. Xi Jinping in Mexico

                                                  “It is only by way of this frankness that the...
V.P. Xi Jinping in Mexico

                                                        “It is only by way of this frankness th...
Cyber-ocracy?




     2008 Chinese Blogger Conference, Guangzhou.
Photos courtesy “HKdom” http://www.flickr.com/photos/hkd...
Isaac Mao

                                              If we want free speech,
                                         ...
Internet as “special political zone?”




 Photos by Josh Chin at 2007 CNbloggercon, Beijing.
 On Flickr under “hunxue-er”...
Zhang Shihe a.k.a. “Laohumiao”
  Using the Internet to
   raise awareness of
  social problems and
organize Grassroots ad-...
Ai Weiwei:
online auction of poisoned milk powder to fund-raise for homeless




   Argues that Chinese
     people must t...
Chinese social media and political discourse
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Chinese social media and political discourse

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Guest lecture at Gaurav Mishra's Georgetown class.
https://digitalcommons.georgetown.edu/blogs/msfs-556-spring2009/syllabus/

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Chinese social media and political discourse

  1. 1. Chinaʼs socio-political cyber-scape Slides for guest lecture in Gaurav Mishraʼs Georgetown course MSFS 556: Social Media in Business, Development, and Government https://digitalcommons.georgetown.edu/blogs/msfs-556-spring2009/ Rebecca MacKinnon Open Society Fellow Assistant Professor, Journalism & Media Studies Ctr., University of Hong Kong e-mail: rebecca.mackinnon@gmail.com blog: http://rconversation.blogs.com
  2. 2. Cultural loss of control: “Back dorm boys” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J2HOD-nrOY8
  3. 3. The “Great Firewall” in action
  4. 4. Search engine censorship: Image search for “Tiananmen massacre”
  5. 5. Search engine censorship: Image search for “Tiananmen massacre”
  6. 6. Search engine censorship: Image search for “Tiananmen massacre”
  7. 7. Censorship by Chinese blog-hosting companies Tianya blog service: Blog post about “Tiananmen Mothers”
  8. 8. CENSORED Your post “Tiananmen mothers organization publishes a website” has been successfully submitted! Because it contains sensitive words, please wait for the community editors to approve it. Please donʼt re-post. Thank you.
  9. 9. Political joke: “River crab wears three watches” “Harmonious” “Rivercrab”
  10. 10. Riot in Wengʼan county, Guizhou province, Julyʼ08 Summer 2008 marked a shift in official media strategy: let official news agencies cover bad breaking stories to get the official version out quickly, then censor unofficial versions.
  11. 11. “Pushups” were used by bloggers to talk about Wengʼan incident Above Sina.com website no longer exists
  12. 12. “Pushups” were used by bloggers to talk about Wengʼan incident Above Sina.com website no longer exists 3 images from: http://www.caobian.info/?p=3778
  13. 13. Anti-censorship Protest video: “song of the alpaca sheep” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O3tPA_Z_MT0
  14. 14. Feb. 9th CCTV fire: netizens react
  15. 15. Feb. 9th CCTV fire: netizens react
  16. 16. Feb. 9th CCTV fire: netizens react
  17. 17. Cyber civil war 2.0
  18. 18. Cyber-tarianism? President Hu Jintao: “We pay great attention to suggestions and advice from our netizens. We stress the idea of quot;putting people firstquot; and quot;governing for the people.quot; With this in mind, we need to listen to people's voices extensively and pool the people's wisdom when we take actions and make decisions. The web is an important channel for us to understand the concerns of the public and assemble the wisdom of the public.” • “Authoritarian deliberation” (Zheng Yongnian) http://video.sina.com.cn/news/c/v/2008-06-20/105617742.shtml
  19. 19. “Fifty cent party” (pro govt. commentators)
  20. 20. “Eluding the cat:” bloggers invited to prison investigation
  21. 21. Cyber-nationalism
  22. 22. V.P. Xi Jinping in Mexico Some foreigners who have eaten their fill have nothing better to do than point their fingers at our affairs.
  23. 23. V.P. Xi Jinping in Mexico “It is only by way of this frankness that the confidence of a responsible big power can be better displayed; it is only by way of this frankness that the bright attitude of an increasingly powerful China can best be shown; and also it is only with this frankness our fellow countrymen will feel excited.” Some foreigners who have eaten their fill have nothing better to do than point their fingers at our affairs.
  24. 24. V.P. Xi Jinping in Mexico “It is only by way of this frankness that the confidence of a responsible big power can be better displayed; it is only by way of this frankness that the bright attitude of an increasingly powerful China can best be shown; and also it is only with this frankness our fellow countrymen will feel excited.” “Vice President Xi Jinping is so cool! He trashed the unfriendly foreigners.” Some foreigners who have eaten their fill have nothing better to do than point their fingers at our affairs.
  25. 25. Cyber-ocracy? 2008 Chinese Blogger Conference, Guangzhou. Photos courtesy “HKdom” http://www.flickr.com/photos/hkdom/3046205362/ and http://www.flickr.com/photos/hkdom/3046219444/in/photostream/
  26. 26. Isaac Mao If we want free speech, first we need free thinking. http://www.isaacmao.com/ Philosophy of “sharism” - using technology and social networks that enable people to engage and share with one another in ways that facilitate collective learning, critical thinking, public discourse, social justice and emergent democracy. Photo by Joi Ito (Creative Commons BY) at: http://freesouls.cc/essays/07-isaac-mao-sharism.html
  27. 27. Internet as “special political zone?” Photos by Josh Chin at 2007 CNbloggercon, Beijing. On Flickr under “hunxue-er” at: http://www.flickr.com/photos/21953266@N00/1849687423/ and http://www.flickr.com/photos/21953266@N00/1849689005/ (Creative Commons BY-NC-SA)
  28. 28. Zhang Shihe a.k.a. “Laohumiao” Using the Internet to raise awareness of social problems and organize Grassroots ad- hoc charity
  29. 29. Ai Weiwei: online auction of poisoned milk powder to fund-raise for homeless Argues that Chinese people must take greater responsibility for the state of their society.

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