Behavior Modification

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  • Use plan to either prevent the stimuli of the problem behavior from taking place or replace the problem behavior with a desirable behavior
  • Behavior Modification

    1. 1. December 7, 2010<br />Lauren Unkefer<br />Behavior Modification<br />
    2. 2. Outline<br />What it is<br />Benefits<br />Steps involved<br />What it looks like<br />Arguments against<br />
    3. 3. What it is<br />Behavior Modification:<br />Techniques involving environmental manipulations to change behavior. (Martin, 1999)<br />
    4. 4. What it is<br />Subcategories:<br />Applied behavior analysis (ABA)<br />Behavior therapy(Kearney, 2008)<br />
    5. 5. Benefits<br />Provides a classroom behavior plan<br />Quick and easy<br />It works(Martin, 1999)<br />
    6. 6. Steps involved<br />Screening <br />Base-line<br />Treatment<br />Follow-up(Martin, 1999)<br />
    7. 7. Screening<br />Identify problembehavior<br />Discover cause(Martin, 1999)<br />
    8. 8. Screening: Problem Behavior<br />Identify problem behavior<br />Deficits or excesses<br />Patterns(Martin, 1999)<br />
    9. 9. Screening: Cause<br />Functional Assessment<br />Cause<br />Attention<br />Self-stimulation<br />Environmental consequences<br />Escape<br />Respondents<br />How assess?(Martin, 1999)<br />
    10. 10. Question<br />
    11. 11. Baseline<br />Baseline: amount of desired behavior occurrences in a normal setting.<br />Define desired behavior<br />Collect data<br />(Martin, 1999)<br />
    12. 12. Baseline: Desired Behavior<br />Define(Martin, 1999)<br />Use cause<br />Intervention <br />Elimination <br />Positive<br />
    13. 13. Baseline Assessment<br />
    14. 14. Question<br />
    15. 15. Treatment<br />Treatment: the solution in action.<br />Plan<br />Purpose: to encourage desired behavior.(Martin, 1999)<br />
    16. 16. Treatment:The Plan<br />Includes<br />Method to publically record behavior<br />Reinforcement<br />
    17. 17. Plan Example: Symbols<br />Names on board<br />Symbols (points)<br />Positive: * (+3)<br />Negative: / (-2)<br />Record points<br />Reinforce(Rockwell, 1993)<br />
    18. 18. Plan Example: Daily Point Sheet<br />Set goals<br />Record accomplishments<br />Reinforce<br />Play money<br />Class “store”(Rockwell, 1993)<br />
    19. 19. Treatment:Reinforce<br />Item Rewards<br />Candy<br />Marshmallows<br />Erasers<br />Games<br />Notebooks<br />Stickers(Rockwell, 1993)<br />
    20. 20. Treatment:Reinforce<br />Social Rewards<br />Painting<br />Clay<br />Computer<br />Listening to CDs(Rockwell, 1993)<br />Verbal Reinforcement<br />
    21. 21. Question<br />
    22. 22. Follow-up<br />Data: solution working?<br />Reversal-Replication (ABAB) Research design<br />Multiple-Baseline design across behaviors(Martin, 1999)<br />
    23. 23. Follow-up: Reversal-Replication<br />Baseline<br />Treatment<br />Reversal<br />Treatment(Martin, 1999)<br />
    24. 24. Follow-up:Multiple-Baseline<br />Baseline (multiple subjects)<br />Begin treatment with one subject<br />If it works, add another subject(Martin, 1999)<br />
    25. 25. Question & Activity<br />
    26. 26. What it looks like …<br />Classroom<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XroJtR9gQc8<br />Single student<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=im04U9Be4mA&feature=related<br />
    27. 27. Negatives<br />Bribery(Rockwell, 1993)<br />Ignores bad behavior(Kearney, 2008)<br />Behavior focus(Mars Hill Church)<br />
    28. 28. Review<br />What it is<br />Benefits<br />Steps involved<br />What it looks like<br />Arguments against<br />
    29. 29. References<br />astrid447. (2008, October 29) ABA Therapy for Autism [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/user/astrid447<br />Biffle, Chris. (2007,November 08) Whole Brain Teaching: 6th Grade, Classroom Management [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/user/ChrisBiffle#p/u/3/XroJtR9gQc8<br />Kearney, A.J. (2008). Understanding Applied Behavior Analysis, (27-28;84-86). Philadelphia, PA: Thomson-Shore, Inc.<br />Mars Hill Church (2008, February 12) Destroying Behavior Modification [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/user/mhcseattle#p/search/2/VHj6Jm7Y5Ek<br />Martin, G., & Pear, J. (1999). Behavior modification: What it is and how to do it. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Prentice Hall.<br />Rockwell, S. (1993). Tough to reach, though to teach: Students with behavior problems, (27-39;55). Reston, Virginia: The Council for Exceptional Children.<br />

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