<ul><li>In your group, define what a philosophy of teaching and learning should encompass.  </li></ul><ul><li>What are the...
<ul><li>Questions to ponder about your philosophy of teaching: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beliefs about teaching & learning </l...
<ul><li>Beliefs about Teaching and Learning  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is teaching? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is th...
<ul><li>Beliefs about Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is your image of students? Positive or negative? </li></ul></ul>...
<ul><li>Beliefs about Knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What should the purpose of education be? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Beliefs about What is Worth Knowing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What knowledge is of most worth? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Other questions to ponder as you think of your philosophy of teaching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metaphysics </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Metaphysics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is reality? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the world made of? </li></ul...
<ul><li>Epistemology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What knowledge is true? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How does knowing take place?...
<ul><li>Axiology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What values should teachers encourage students to adopt? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Logic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How does a teacher organize and present material in a logical way? </li></ul></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Group 1 Essentialism </li></ul><ul><li>Group 2 Progressivism </li></ul><ul><li>Group 3 Perennialism </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Of the philosophies that were discussed, which have the most relevance or come closest to your own personal philos...
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Unit 01 Philosophy Of Teaching And Learning (Word 2003) 1 7 10

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Unit 01 Philosophy Of Teaching And Learning (Word 2003) 1 7 10

  1. 2. <ul><li>In your group, define what a philosophy of teaching and learning should encompass. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the advantages of teachers knowing and using a well developed teaching and learning philosophy? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the disadvantages of teachers using a well defined philosophy of teaching and learning? </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>Questions to ponder about your philosophy of teaching: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beliefs about teaching & learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beliefs about students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beliefs about knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beliefs about what is worth knowing </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Beliefs about Teaching and Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is teaching? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the teacher’s primary role? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject matter expert, helpful adult, or skilled technician </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is teaching a science or an art? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will you as a teacher emphasize the student’s experiences and cognitive development or stress behavior? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Beliefs about Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is your image of students? Positive or negative? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are students inherently good, evil, or somewhere in between? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In what ways do children differ in regard to their predisposition to learn and grow? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Beliefs about Knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What should the purpose of education be? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the nature of knowledge? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Big ideas & concepts vs. bits of discrete facts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which is more important knowledge of self or knowledge of subject matter? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How should learning and knowledge be evaluated? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Beliefs about What is Worth Knowing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What knowledge is of most worth? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Basic skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation for a world of work </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Great Books & Great Ideas of classics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learning how to reason, communicate effectively, and solve problems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Development of the whole child with meaningful content taught </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Other questions to ponder as you think of your philosophy of teaching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metaphysics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Epistemology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Axiology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logic </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Metaphysics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is reality? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the world made of? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What does it mean to exist? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is humankind’s place in the scheme of things? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the meaning of life? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do events in the universe occur randomly or according to some purpose? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is our behavior determined or the result of our free will? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Epistemology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What knowledge is true? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How does knowing take place? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do we know what we know? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do we decide between opposing views of knowledge? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is truth constant or does it change from situation to situation? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which type of knowing most describes you? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowing based on authority, divine revelation, experience, reason, or intuition </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Axiology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What values should teachers encourage students to adopt? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What values raise the human race to its highest levels of humaneness? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What values does a truly educated person hold? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do we define quality of life? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What curricular experiences contribute most to that quality of life? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What ethics should a teacher promote in the classroom? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which aesthetics should be promoted in the classroom? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Logic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How does a teacher organize and present material in a logical way? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How should a teacher use logic to promote problem solving? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How does a teacher use logic to correct students’ erroneous conclusions? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How does a teacher use logic to validate new methods of teaching and evaluation? </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Group 1 Essentialism </li></ul><ul><li>Group 2 Progressivism </li></ul><ul><li>Group 3 Perennialism </li></ul><ul><li>Group 4 Existentialism </li></ul><ul><li>Group 5 Behaviorism </li></ul><ul><li>Use the Parkay & Hardcastle article and the Educational Philosophies Handout to complete the project. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the Educational Philosophies Activity sheet. Use the topic assigned to briefly outline the philosophy. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the charts on pp. 225-226 Parkay & Hardcastle to fill in the information for your assigned philosophical topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Briefly present your outline to the rest of the class. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Of the philosophies that were discussed, which have the most relevance or come closest to your own personal philosophy of teaching and education? </li></ul>

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