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Tree Disease power point

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A presentation to show some of the various diseases found here on the trees within the UK.

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Tree Disease power point

  1. 1. Latin name: Ganaderma adspersumCommon Name: Artists FungusWhere : Below 2 metresWho: Hardwoods, softwoods, living and deadHow: White rot at first in some cases then also developing into heart rot (Selective Delignification)
  2. 2. Latin name: Phaeolus schweinitziiwhere: Root and then butt rot.who : Conifers usually predisposed by armallaria spp.How: Decay fungus that rots the roots enters through wounds causing a cubicle brown rot smelling of turpentine.
  3. 3. Latin name: Piptoporus betulinusCommon Name: Birch polyporewhere: Main stem and larger scaffold branches.Who: All birch trees (Betulus spp.)How: Cubicle brown rot.
  4. 4. Latin name: Erwinia amylovoraWhere: Canopy Primarily enters through blossom during pollinationWho: Fruit trees prunusHow: Bacterial infection
  5. 5. Latin name: Rhytisma acerinumWhere: leavesWho: Acer spp.How: Fungus which overwinters in the leaves
  6. 6. Latin name: Cryptococcus fagisugaCommon Name: Felted Beech Scale (Coccus)Where: On the trunk (mainly on the bark)Who: Fagus sylvatica (but Variants can be resistant)How: Malformation/pitting of bark (Larvae)- the first stage of Beech bark disease.
  7. 7. Latin name: Inonotus hispiduswhere: Upper Stem and trunkwho: Broad leafs , Ash, Planehow: Simultaneous white rot resulting in a brittle fracture.
  8. 8. Latin Name: Nectria cinnabarinaCommon Name: Coral spotWhere: Usually found on dead woodWho: Will migrate to living tissue via pruning snags and frost damaged twigs.How: In living block the xylem vessels, preventing the flow of water and causing wilting.
  9. 9. Latin Name: Verticilium wiltWhere: Vascular tissuesWho: Mainly on BroadleavesHow: Soil borne fungi spores spread systemically within the structure of the tree/plant .
  10. 10. Latin Name: Dohistroma septosporumCommon name: Red Band Needle BlightWhere: Foliage (pine needles).Who: Conifers, Pinus spp.How: Fungal infection (tar spots) spread through spores.
  11. 11. Latin Name: Ustulina deusta / Kretzschmaria deustaWhere: Below 1.5m on the butt in the buttresses.Who: Mostly on Beech and LimeHow: Degrades cells across the stem causing a brittle China fracture.
  12. 12. Latin Name: Meripilus giganteusCommon Name: Giant PolyporeWhere: Roots and buttWho: Broad leaved trees, (very common on Mature Beech)How: White rot on roots (causes root plate failure)
  13. 13. Latin Name: Taphrina deformansCommon Name: Peach Leaf CurlWhere: Foliage and canopyWho: Prunus Dulcis (Almond) and peach treeHow: A fungal pathogen that deforms the leaf and causes crop loss.
  14. 14. Latin Name: Ophiostoma novo ulmiCommon Name: Dutch Elm DiseaseWhere: Vascular tissues bark and foliage.Who: Ulmus spp. (resistant Ulmus hybrids available).How: Fungal spores spread through root grafts and the Elm bark beetle.

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