Freud and Jung The reasons for their separation
I am Roberto Lima Netto and I believe that our objective in life is to be happy, and that Spirituality and Jungian psychology, my main areas of interest, can help us in this search for happiness. Roberto Lima Netto Ph.D. Stanford University www.HappinessAcademyOnline.org
Do you know the basic differences between the psychological schools ofFreud and Jung? In this presentation, wewill address some of the main issues that caused the breaking of their early association.
Freud defined the unconscious as a collection ofrepressed personal material. Jung went further. He divided the psyche into three parts: the conscious (the ego), the personal unconscious, and the collective unconscious.
The collective unconscious was a reason for their breaking. Although Freud could not denythe existence of the instincts, he did not accept the depth proposed by Jung to the human psyche.
Jung argued that, similar to the evolution of the human body that keep traces of ancestral bodies (the coccyx, forinstance), the human psyche carries all the previous history of human development.
Freud could not accept such broad statement, and they parted ways when Jung published his book“Symbols of Transformation”, in 1912. Jung was 37 years old. From there on, Jung, who Freud had chosen to be his crown prince, went into a solo career, and their theories continue to diverge.
Freud considered the sexual libido to be the only mover of a person. Jung contested him, postulating that the sexual libido was a powerful force in the human psyche, but not the only one. When you areyoung, the sexual libido may govern your life, but, as you grow older, other factors acquire importance.
Freud considered any sharp-pointed object in dreams as a symbol of the penis, while Jungconsidered that even the penis could symbolize something else, depending on the dream’s content. Creativity, for instance.
Another major difference between these twogenius has to do with the way they saw religion.Freud had a critical view on religion and was anatheist. Jung insisted that human beings should pay attention to their spiritual life.
Freud stated about religion: "Religion is comparable to a childhood neurosis.“Sigmund Freud, The Future of an Illusion, 1927
"Religion is an illusion and it derives itsstrength from the fact that it falls in with our instinctual desires." - Sigmund Freud, New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis,1933.
Jung considered the human psyche as, by nature, religious. In fact, he made this a focus of exploration. Jung was the son of a pastor and studied, in addition to Christianity, the Eastern religions, Alchemy, Gnosticism, Mythology, IChing, Astrology, and almost everything that could be classified as occult sciences.
It is a pity that these two genius fell apart, but, with such basicdifferences, their cooperation had to come to a halt.
I invite you to visit my site for additionalinformation and to download a free eBook. “Shortcuts to happiness” www.HappinessAcademyOnline.org
I wish you HAPPINESS. Thanks for your time and attention. Roberto Lima Nettowww.HappinessAcademyOnline.org.
ROBERTO LIMA NETTOWWW.HAPPINESSACADEMYONLINE.ORGWWW.AMAZON.COM/AUTHOR/RLIMANETTO WWW.YOUTUBE.COM