Operating Systems By Rachel Libercci Kim Bley
Unscramble the Following Words <ul><li>Computer Brand Scramble </li></ul>
Do you know of any operating systems?
What is an Operating System <ul><li>“An operating system, or OS, is a software program that enables the computer hardware ...
Unix <ul><li>Created by AT&T’s Bell Laboratories in 1969 by Ken Thompson, Dennis Richie, and others </li></ul><ul><li>Firs...
Apple/Macintosh History <ul><li>Apple Computers founded by Stephen Wozniak (remember Dancing with the Stars- Season 8),  S...
Apple/Macintosh Timeline <ul><li>In June of 1978 Apple introduces Apple DOS 3.1, their first operating system for Apple Co...
Why Mac? <ul><li>Mac OS X Snow Leopard is the world’s most advanced operating system. </li></ul><ul><li>Built on an UNIX s...
Microsoft Windows History <ul><li>Microsoft Windows was announced November 10, 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Gates is the Fo...
Microsoft Windows Timeline <ul><li>1985 -  Windows 1.0   Windows 1.0 used the MS-DOS Executive as its primary interface - ...
Microsoft Windows Timeline <ul><li>1995 -  Windows 95 The Taskbar was introduced for the first time in Windows 95, with op...
Microsoft Windows Timeline <ul><li>2000 -  Windows 2000 Another OS from the Windows NT family, Windows 2000 was aimed more...
Microsoft Windows Timeline <ul><li>Which brings us to…. </li></ul><ul><li>Windows 7 launched on 22 October 2009, bringing ...
Why Windows 7? <ul><li>Faster loading Windows 7 loads faster than Vista and XP. It will run quicker on a clean system sinc...
Why Windows 7? <ul><li>Jump lists The Jump List feature provides a simple way of getting to your favorite and recently use...
Why Windows 7? <ul><li>Media streaming Windows Media Player already lets you stream audio and video over a network. The ve...
Linux <ul><li>Created by Linus Torvalds in 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to run on a home computer </li></ul><ul><li>Fre...
Linux Distributions <ul><li>Ubuntu  ($0) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Download base OS, then download apps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Why Linux? <ul><li>Low to no cost </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent updates </li></ul><ul><li>Bugs can be fixed more quickly </li...
OS Usage: May 2008 http://marketshare.hitslink.com/operating-system-market-share.aspx?qprid =10&qptimeframe= M&qpsp =112&q...
OS Usage: April 2010 http://marketshare.hitslink.com/operating-system-market-share.aspx?qprid =10&qptimeframe=M
Match the Mac screenshot to it release date. 1984 1990 1999 2008 Screenshots from:http://www.operating-system.org/betriebs...
Match the MS screenshot to it release date. 1985 1995 2001 2009 Screenshots from: http://www.wired.com/gadgets/pcs/multime...
Survey Time!
Resource List <ul><li>Apple - Get a Mac - Why you'll love a Mac. (n.d.).  Apple . Retrieved May 18, 2010, from http://www....
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Operating Systems by Kim and Rachel

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  • Windows: 93.29% Mac: 3.75%
  • Windows: 90.69% Mac: 4.42% Everything else increases while Windows decreases.
  • 1984- Mac 1.0 1990- Mac 7 1999- Mac OS 9 2008- Mac OS X 10.6
  • 1985- Windows 1.0 1995- Windows 95 2001- Windows XP 2009- Windows 7
  • Operating Systems by Kim and Rachel

    1. 1. Operating Systems By Rachel Libercci Kim Bley
    2. 2. Unscramble the Following Words <ul><li>Computer Brand Scramble </li></ul>
    3. 3. Do you know of any operating systems?
    4. 4. What is an Operating System <ul><li>“An operating system, or OS, is a software program that enables the computer hardware to communicate and operate with the computer software. Without a computer operating system, a computer would be useless.” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.computerhope.com/os.htm#02 </li></ul>
    5. 5. Unix <ul><li>Created by AT&T’s Bell Laboratories in 1969 by Ken Thompson, Dennis Richie, and others </li></ul><ul><li>First edition released in 1971 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Included over 60 commands (Oooh Aaah) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quickly adopted and manufactured to suit various needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic Institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unix alone is now an endangered species </li></ul><ul><li>Unix-like systems still exist </li></ul>http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/gbell/digital/timeline/photos/unix2.jpg
    6. 6. Apple/Macintosh History <ul><li>Apple Computers founded by Stephen Wozniak (remember Dancing with the Stars- Season 8), Steven Jobs and Ronald Wayne in 1976. </li></ul><ul><li>They produced their first computer, the single-board Apple I in 1976. After selling around 200 computers, Jobs attracted the attention of some investors, co-founding Apple Computer with Wozniak, and introducing the Apple II computer in 1977. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1984, Apple was the first company to mass market the graphical user interface (GUI) in their Macintosh computer. This product re-defined personal computing. </li></ul>http://l.yimg.com/l/tv/us/img/site/56/42/0000055642_20090317165104.jpg?
    7. 7. Apple/Macintosh Timeline <ul><li>In June of 1978 Apple introduces Apple DOS 3.1, their first operating system for Apple Computers </li></ul><ul><li>System 1 in 1984. </li></ul><ul><li>System 2 in 1985. </li></ul><ul><li>System 3 in 1986. </li></ul><ul><li>System 4 in 1987. </li></ul><ul><li>System 6 in 1988. </li></ul><ul><li>System 7 in 1990. </li></ul><ul><li>Mac OS 8 in 1997. </li></ul><ul><li>Mac OS 9 in 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Mac OS X 10.0 code named Cheetah becomes available March 24, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>Mac OS X 10.1 code named Puma and becomes available on September 25, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>Mac OS X 10.2 code named Jaguar becomes available on August 23, 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>Mac OS X 10.3 code named Panther on October 25, 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>Mac OS X 10.4 code named Tiger on June 28, 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>Mac OS X 10.5 code named Leopard on October 26, 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Mac OS X 10.6 code named Snow Leopard and MobileMe on June 9, 2008. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Why Mac? <ul><li>Mac OS X Snow Leopard is the world’s most advanced operating system. </li></ul><ul><li>Built on an UNIX system </li></ul><ul><li>Does not get PC viruses </li></ul><ul><li>Compatible with the Windows Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Runs Microsoft Windows </li></ul>
    9. 9. Microsoft Windows History <ul><li>Microsoft Windows was announced November 10, 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Gates is the Founder of the Microsoft Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft’s first operating system, Windows 1.0, was finally shipped on November 20, 1985, almost two years past the initially promised release date. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Microsoft Windows Timeline <ul><li>1985 - Windows 1.0 Windows 1.0 used the MS-DOS Executive as its primary interface - you'd boot programs from the command line, which would launch in the main window while MS-DOS Executive minimized itself, reappearing when the program was terminated. </li></ul><ul><li>1987 - Windows 2.0 The first Windows operating system that allowed you to 'tile' open windows, rather than having windows either minimized or maximized, like in Windows 1.0. </li></ul><ul><li>1990 - Windows 3.0 The first Windows operating system to offer Desktop backgrounds and a Program Manager with quick-launch icons. </li></ul><ul><li>1993 - Windows NT 3.1 NT, standing for New Technology, was a fully 32-bit operating system (previous operating systems as well as future versions such as Windows 95 and 98 were 16-bit/32-bit hybrids). </li></ul>
    11. 11. Microsoft Windows Timeline <ul><li>1995 - Windows 95 The Taskbar was introduced for the first time in Windows 95, with open window buttons, a clock, a notification area and the Start button. The My Computer and Recycle Bin icons also appeared for the first time. </li></ul><ul><li>1996 - Windows NT 4.0 This operating system looked very similar to Windows 95 but was focused more on the business market. It was stable and was able to close down applications that had stalled without the whole OS crashing. </li></ul><ul><li>1998 - Windows 98 This OS used the new naming system of using the year the product was released. Windows 98 was on sale for less than 12 months before a wide-ranging update for the OS was issued. One major bug in this OS was the computer would shut itself down if left on for 50 consecutive days. </li></ul><ul><li>1999 - Windows 98SE The updated version of Windows 98. The SE stood for Second Edition. It fixed many bugs in the original and improved support for the USB (universal serial bus). </li></ul>
    12. 12. Microsoft Windows Timeline <ul><li>2000 - Windows 2000 Another OS from the Windows NT family, Windows 2000 was aimed more at the business market though it ended up on many home computers as well. It was initially intended to replace both Windows NT 4.0 and Windows 98, but Microsoft changed its mind after the release of Windows 98SE. </li></ul><ul><li>2000 - Windows ME Windows Millennium Edition (ME, pronounced 'me') was the successor to Windows 98 and aimed very much at home users, with several entertainment-based features. One magazine called it 'Windows Mistake Edition‘ because it was so unstable. </li></ul><ul><li>2001 - Windows XP Windows XP was the successor to both Windows 2000 and Windows ME and offered Home and Professional versions. Though it did suffer from several security vulnerabilities, it stayed as Microsoft's main OS product for the best part of six years and had sold 400 million copies by October 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>2007 - Windows Vista Windows Vista, with the exception of Windows ME, has become probably the worst of all Microsoft's operating system, though the company points to sales figures that show it to be the most popular version to date. One of the main criticisms was of the number of warning prompts the User Account Control (UAC) showed to users. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Microsoft Windows Timeline <ul><li>Which brings us to…. </li></ul><ul><li>Windows 7 launched on 22 October 2009, bringing features such as support for touch screen devices and an easier home-networking set-up. According to Microsoft, Windows 7 is faster than its predecessor, but will run on lower-spec PCs. So far, many people are liking Windows 7. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Why Windows 7? <ul><li>Faster loading Windows 7 loads faster than Vista and XP. It will run quicker on a clean system since you have not cluttered it. On a regular computer it will run only marginally quicker or even the same speed as Vista, although it does feel nippier thanks to its streamlined interface. Enhanced taskbar Icon-only Taskbar- You just move the mouse over the icon and it will show you the windows you have. Improved UAC Microsoft has listened to the various complaints leveled at Vista's UAC and, although Windows 7 still has the feature, it's been toned down and made less annoying, with a choice of four user settings. At its most secure, it will prompt you when programs are installed or uninstalled, or you make any kind of system change. Touch screen technology Windows Touch is easy to use and highly intuitive. Easier networking Windows 7 automatically detects when you add a new computer and asks you if you want to make it part of your Home Group. Assuming you do, choose the libraries and hardware you want to share, like your printer. All you need to do is enter the password, and you're connected. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Why Windows 7? <ul><li>Jump lists The Jump List feature provides a simple way of getting to your favorite and recently used files. Just right-click the relevant program icon on the Taskbar (Word for example) and it will display a list of recently open files, along with any you've chosen to pin to the menu. Desktop gadgets Windows 7 handles gadgets (Microsoft's name for widgets) similar to Vista except there's no sidebar. When you load a gadget it will just appear floating on your Desktop, you can move it anywhere. There are nine gadgets to choose from in the operating system, and plenty more available online from Windows Live Gallery. </li></ul><ul><li>Aero Peek If you want to just take a quick peek at your Desktop (to view a gadget for example), use Aero Peek. Hover your mouse over the button and all the open windows will become transparent, allowing you to see right through them as if you'd suddenly acquired Superman-style X-ray vision. Aero Shake Windows 7 has a cool way of quickly minimizing all but one of your open programs and folders. Just click the title bar of any window you want to keep visible, and shake it. Everything else will shrink down to the taskbar. To restore the closed items, shake the active window a second time. Aero Snap Drag any open window to the left or right edge of your Desktop, and Windows 7 will resize it so the window takes up exactly half the screen. This makes it handy for comparing two similar pages side by side on a widescreen monitor. Pulling the window back to the centre will return it to its original size and shape. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Why Windows 7? <ul><li>Media streaming Windows Media Player already lets you stream audio and video over a network. The version included in Windows 7 now lets you stream media over the internet. You just need to create or access a supported online ID, sp setup is very easy. Enhanced Paint The Windows 7 version of Paint sports a ribbon interface like the one used in Microsoft Office (WordPad also receives the same makeover), and a selection of artistic brushes that produce a more natural result. Use oils or watercolors for example, and the paint quickly runs out, forcing you to click to reload the brush. Better calculator Windows 7's calculator has standard, scientific, programmer, and statistic modes, history, digit grouping, unit conversion, and date calculation. It also offers worksheets which you can use to calculate personal items. Tidy Libraries Libraries are special virtual folders that tie together content from various sources, like external drives and networked computers. The files remain where they are, but can be accessed through the one location. You can use any of the ready-made libraries, or create your own. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Linux <ul><li>Created by Linus Torvalds in 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to run on a home computer </li></ul><ul><li>Freely available over the internet </li></ul><ul><li>Licensed under an open source agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anyone can use and/or modify the existing OS as long as it is freely shared </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Little profit for Torvalds, mostly a community of volunteers promoting his work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.linux.com/community/linux -gurus/top-gurus </li></ul></ul>https://netfiles.uiuc.edu/rhasan/linux/Linus_Torvalds.jpg
    18. 18. Linux Distributions <ul><li>Ubuntu ($0) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Download base OS, then download apps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Server download available </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Zorin OS ($0 base, $12-$20 apps) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Base includes OpenOffice +, then donate or pay money to get fancier apps (i.e. gaming package) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows can run alongside or within Zorin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RedHat (from $80/year) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Price includes OpenOffice +, then various levels of customer support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More here: http:// www.linux.com /directory/Distributions </li></ul>http://theopenwindows.files.wordpress.com/2009/01/linux-penguin-big_origpreview.jpg
    19. 19. Why Linux? <ul><li>Low to no cost </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent updates </li></ul><ul><li>Bugs can be fixed more quickly </li></ul><ul><li>You can become a Linux Guru! </li></ul>http://www.technudgelive.com/linux/wp-content/uploads/2007/09/tux.jpg
    20. 20. OS Usage: May 2008 http://marketshare.hitslink.com/operating-system-market-share.aspx?qprid =10&qptimeframe= M&qpsp =112&qpnp=1
    21. 21. OS Usage: April 2010 http://marketshare.hitslink.com/operating-system-market-share.aspx?qprid =10&qptimeframe=M
    22. 22. Match the Mac screenshot to it release date. 1984 1990 1999 2008 Screenshots from:http://www.operating-system.org/betriebssystem/_english/bs-macos.htm#01 and http://news.softpedia.com/images/news2/New-Mac-OS-X-10-6-Snow-Leopard-Finds-Screenshots-2.png
    23. 23. Match the MS screenshot to it release date. 1985 1995 2001 2009 Screenshots from: http://www.wired.com/gadgets/pcs/multimedia/2007/01/wiredphotos31?slide=12&slideView=4
    24. 24. Survey Time!
    25. 25. Resource List <ul><li>Apple - Get a Mac - Why you'll love a Mac. (n.d.). Apple . Retrieved May 18, 2010, from http://www.apple.com/getamac/whymac/ </li></ul><ul><li>Apple Macintosh Operating System history.. (n.d.). Computer Hope's free computer help . Retrieved May 18, 2010, from http://www.computerhope.com/history/macos.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Bellis, M. (n.d.). The Unusual History of Microsoft Windows. Inventors . Retrieved May 18, 2010, from http://inventors.about.com/od/mstartinventions/a/Windows.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Booth, D. (2009, October 21). Windows 7 - best new feature: 14 reasons to upgrade. Web User magazine . Retrieved May 18, 2010, from http://www.webuser.co.uk/specials/427554/windows-7-best-new-features </li></ul><ul><li>Camm-Jones, B. (2009, October 19). Microsoft Windows history - a timeline of the operating system. Web User magazine . Retrieved May 18, 2010, from http://www.webuser.co.uk/news/in-depth/427212/windows-a-timeline-of-microsoft-s-os </li></ul><ul><li>Computer History Museum - Apple Computer, Inc. - Macintosh Selling Guide. (n.d.). Computer History Museum . Retrieved May 18, 2010, from http://www.computerhistory.org/brochures/companies.php?alpha=a-c&company=com-42b9d300137d4 </li></ul><ul><li>History of UNIX and Linux. (n.d.). Computer Hope's free computer help . Retrieved May 18, 2010, from http://www.computerhope.com/history/unix.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Windows History. (n.d.). Computer Hope's free computer help . Retrieved May 18, 2010, from http://www.computerhope.com/history/windows.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Spicer, Dag. &quot;Torvalds, Linus.&quot; World Book Student. World Book, 2010. Web. 17 May 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>The Apple Museum | Before 1976. (n.d.). The Apple Museum | Home . Retrieved May 18, 2010, from http://www.theapplemuseum.com/index.php?id=54 </li></ul><ul><li>The UNIX System -- History and Timeline -- UNIX History. (n.d.). The UNIX System, UNIX System . Retrieved May 18, 2010, from http://www.unix.org/what_is_unix/history_timeline.html </li></ul><ul><li>Unix - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (n.d.). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . Retrieved May 18, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix </li></ul><ul><li>Welcome to Discovery Education's Puzzlemaker! Create your own Double Puzzle online now.. (n.d.). Welcome to Discovery Education's Puzzlemaker! Create crossword puzzles, word searches, mazes, and other puzzles for your classroom today! . Retrieved May 18, 2010, from http://puzzlemaker.discoveryeducation.com/DoublePuzzleSetupForm.asp </li></ul>

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