Hsoc408 Workshop


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  • The goal then is to be able to APPLY research skills/tips/strategies/techniques from a classroom setting to the real world
  • Use background information, and apply your new-found knowledge towards writing your report/essay, etc. Grey literature: “the information and resources that do not categorically fall into what is available via standard traditional or commercial publishing channels.” Types of Grey Literature: theses and dissertations, conference proceedings, newsletters, reports, government documents, informal communication (telephone calls, meetings, e-mail, chat, blogs, listservs), digital libraries, search engines
  • Topic Selection: (choose a topic that follows all of the assignment requirements, yet one that you would also want to know more about) Prefocus Formulation: (what interests you about the topic; don’t forget to refer to class notes/discussion as a potential source of information!) Focus Formulation: (thesis statement, from which the search process begins) Information Collection: (database/e-journal searching) Information Refinement: (changing the search strategy, using different keywords  remember to check the list of references at the end of articles  this can provide useful information as well) Search Closure (review the search-note incomplete citations, unidentified sources or quotations
  • Accessing PubMed through the Research Databases route is the preferred option (in lieu of pubmed.gov, pubmed.org), as results retrieved now link directly to SFX!
  • Use one of the databases mentioned in class to research this question!
  • Hsoc408 Workshop

    1. 1. HSOC408 Library Workshop Session Thursday, October 16, 2008 Session presenter: Marcus Vaska WELCOME!
    2. 2. Session Outline <ul><li>Inquiry-Based Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Literature Search: Definition & Process </li></ul><ul><li>Literature Search vs. Comprehensive Review </li></ul><ul><li>Research Databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PubMed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HealthSTAR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web of Science </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Peer-Reviewed Journals </li></ul><ul><li>E-Journals </li></ul><ul><li>Ebrary </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    3. 3. Inquiry-Based Learning <ul><li>Seeking truth, information, and knowledge through a questioning process (natural way of learning) </li></ul><ul><li>Learner is involved in his/her own education </li></ul><ul><li>Rather than memorizing facts to ensure the “correct” answer, inquiry focuses on the process of developing one’s skills to solve problems and resolve issues </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    4. 4. Literature Search: Definition <ul><li>Literature Search is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ a detailed, organized, step-by-step search for [all] material available on a topic” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RGU: How to do a Literature Search. (2006). Retrieved August 6, 2008 from http:// www.rgu.ac.uk/library/howto/page.cfm?pge =25989 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    5. 5. Literature Search Process: Research Goals <ul><li>Select and refine topic </li></ul><ul><li>Develop an effective search strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Choose or select an appropriate resource (database, e-journal, etc.) in which to conduct the search </li></ul><ul><li>Cite your sources using an approved style guide (i.e. APA) </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    6. 6. Literature Search vs. Comprehensive Review <ul><li>Literature Search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduces you (the researcher) to information available on a particular topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find out what prominent researchers have to say about your topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t just summarize what’s already been written (don’t reinvent the wheel); describe, summarize, evaluate, put your own ideas into it! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brings together findings from range of research interventions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aim is to identify as many relevant studies as possible around a topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aim: minimize bias (consider various viewpoints/perspectives on a topic) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Go beyond the core resources (search the grey literature as well!) </li></ul></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    7. 7. Goal: Produce a Literature Review <ul><li>Literature Review </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008 QUALITATIVE REVIEW QUANTITATIVE REVIEW Refers to the meanings, concepts, definitions, characteristics, symbols, and meanings of things Refers to counts and measures of things (formulas, statistics, etc)
    8. 8. Select a Topic <ul><li>Research Question: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The implementation of a public health policy to combat cases of malaria among children in Africa </li></ul></ul></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    9. 9. Refine the Topic <ul><li>Keywords: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Malaria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public health policy </li></ul></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    10. 10. Develop an Effective Search Strategy <ul><li>Before the search begins… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organize your search so that you know what you are looking for before beginning your trek. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These searching tools can help you become better organized : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WISPR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PICO </li></ul></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    11. 11. WISPR Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    12. 12. PICO adapted from Helen Lee Robertson The implementation of a public health policy to combat the malaria epidemic among children in Africa P atient, Population or Problem Children in Africa (suffering from malaria) I ntervention, Prognostic Factor or Exposure Modern medicine (anti-malarial drug) C omparison or Intervention (if appropriate) Mosquito nets, bed nets O utcome to measure or achieve Malaria prevention/death reduction
    13. 13. Refining a Search <ul><li>Boolean Operators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AND (narrows search, retrieving records containing all of the terms ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OR (broadens search, retrieving records containing any of the terms ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOT (excludes terms from a search, retrieving records that do not contain the term following it.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Truncation/Wildcard </li></ul><ul><ul><li>* system* = returns records on system, systems, systematic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>? wom?n = returns records on both woman and women (singular and plural forms) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nesting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parenthesis, () keep related terms together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If searching for an exact phrase, enclose phrase in quotation marks, “” </li></ul></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    14. 14. Health and Society Research Databases <ul><li>PubMed </li></ul><ul><li>Medline </li></ul><ul><li>Global Health </li></ul><ul><li>HealthSTAR </li></ul><ul><li>Web of Science </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    15. 15. PubMed <ul><li>Covers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nursing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Veterinary medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Molecular biology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health care system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preclinical sciences </li></ul></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    16. 16. Medline <ul><li>Covers international literature on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biomedicine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allied health fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biological and physical sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Related to medicine and health care </li></ul></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    17. 17. Global Health <ul><li>Covers human health and disease </li></ul><ul><li>Includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicable diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tropical diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parasitic diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community and public health </li></ul></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    18. 18. HealthSTAR <ul><li>Contains citations to published literature on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus: clinical and non-clinical aspects of health care delivery </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    19. 19. Web of Science <ul><li>Multidisciplinary database, references subject areas in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Science Citation Index </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Sciences Citation Index </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arts and Humanities Citation Index </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key research tool for performing a cited reference search </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    20. 20. A Brief Note on SFX <ul><li>Provides a link between several databases and full-text articles </li></ul><ul><li>Not only does SFX automatically search the library catalogue for electronic holdings, it also notifies the user when material is not available online </li></ul><ul><li>For more information, please consult http://library.ucalgary.ca/services/finditsfxfulltextservice/whatisfindit-sfx.php </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    21. 21. Saving Your Search <ul><li>Medline: first and foremost: register for a free personal account </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Once registered, click on the save search/alert tab (the one with the computer disk) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PubMed: first and foremost: MyNCBI! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One you have a MyNCBI account, click on Save Search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternatively, you can click on the Send To drop down box, and direct your results to text, file, printer, or clipboard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clipboard feature only holds searches for 8 hours, then they are deleted! </li></ul></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    22. 22. Web of Science Saving a Search <ul><li>Note the box on the right-hand side of every results retrieved page </li></ul><ul><li>Select pertinent records from the results page </li></ul><ul><li>Choice to print, e-mail or save records </li></ul><ul><li>If selecting the save option, you will notice you can either save records in HTML format, open them in a separate window on your browser, or import them into a reference management program (i.e. RefWorks) </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    23. 23. Database Helplines <ul><li>PubMed: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.ezproxy.lib.ucalgary.ca/books/bookres.fcgi/helppubmed/pubmedhelp.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>OVIDSP (Medline, Global Health, HealthSTAR): </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ovid.com/site/pdf/osp/ovidsp_qrc_6page_032708.pdf </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    24. 24. Database Helplines <ul><li>Web of Science: </li></ul><ul><li>http://scientific.thomson.com/tutorials/wos7/ </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    25. 25. Peer-Reviewed Journals <ul><li>Scholarly periodical; each article submitted for publication is judged, independently, by a panel of experts </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of a peer-reviewed journal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cited sources (footnotes and/or a bibliography) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authored by scholars and researchers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose of article is to publish results of research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publisher is a prominent organization or research institution </li></ul></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    26. 26. E-Journals <ul><li>E-Journals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessed from the Library home page by clicking on the Journals tab. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Journals are all listed alphabetically </li></ul></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    27. 27. E-Journals Health and Society Stream <ul><li>Environmental Health </li></ul><ul><li>Global Change and Human Health </li></ul><ul><li>Global Public Health </li></ul><ul><li>Frontiers in Health Policy Research </li></ul><ul><li>Health Education Research </li></ul><ul><li>Health Research Policy and Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Health and Social Care in the Community </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research </li></ul><ul><li>Progress in Community Health Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Rural and Remote Health </li></ul><ul><li>Value in Health </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    28. 28. Student BMJ <ul><li>International medical journal, compiled by students for students </li></ul><ul><li>Material derived from the British Medical Journal </li></ul><ul><li>Contains abundant information on a multitude of topics, both clinical and non-clinical, including: global issues, international health, humanitarian work, etc. </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    29. 29. ebrary ebrary.ucalgary.ca <ul><li>Currently more than 50,000 academic books available online </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to search through all text </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to highlight and take notes online </li></ul><ul><li>By setting up a free account, the user can create his/her own ebrary bookshelf </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    30. 30. ebrary Important Points to Remember <ul><li>Ebrary Reader required in order to access and read E-books ( http://site.ebrary.com/lib/anysite/support/2_reader00.jsp ) </li></ul><ul><li>In order to create your own bookshelf, you are required to register ( https://site-ebrary-com.ezproxy.lib.ucalgary.ca/lib/ucalgary/NewAccount ) </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright restrictions are in effect. While you may read and view an Ebook in its entirety, you are not permitted to print more than 10% of a book or 1 chapter, whichever is greater </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    31. 31. Formatting a Reference: APA Style <ul><li>The following resources will assist you with formatting a reference in APA style: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>APA Publication Manual (5 th edition): 3 copies available at the Health Sciences Library (WZ345 .A54 2001); 15 copies available at MacKimmie Library (PE1479 .P8 A5 2001 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APA Style Essential web site: http:// www.vanguard.edu/faculty/ddegelman/index.aspx?doc_id =796 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APA Formatting and Style Guide: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ </li></ul></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    32. 32. APA Style Example <ul><li>Mbonye, A.K., Neema, S., & Magnussen, P. (2005). Preventing malaria in pregnancy: a study of perceptions and policy implications in Mukano district. Health Policy and Planning, 21, 17-26. </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    33. 33. U of C Photo ID Card Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008 Campus Card Office Room 260 MacEwan Student Centre Phone: 403.220.7290 Hours: 8:30 am – 4:30 pm Monday – Friday Open until 6:00 pm some Wednesdays, call for dates
    34. 34. User Authentication Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008 **Please register with Library to activate full library privileges!** User ID = first 9 digits of bar code on back of card (take off last digit) PIN = number on front of card (take off leading zeros)
    35. 35. Practice Question <ul><li>Has health promotion and education helped to ease the AIDS crisis in Africa? </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    36. 36. Session Evaluation <ul><li>Whenever you have a moment, I would appreciate if you could please take a few moments to answer the following evaluation survey. I value your feedback, as it will help me with future instruction sessions. </li></ul><ul><li>To access the survey please go to: </li></ul><ul><li>https:// toofast.ca/takesurvey.php?SurveyID =826 </li></ul><ul><li>Password: hslsurvey </li></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008
    37. 37. The End <ul><li>This concludes today’s session. If you have any further questions, please do not hesitate to contact me. Thank you! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marcus Vaska </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail: [email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phone: (403) 220-5319 </li></ul></ul></ul>Marcus Vaska, Oct. 2008