CNIE: Toward Quality in K-12 DL Practice

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Presentation April 28, 2008 at the CNIE 2008 Banff Conference

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CNIE: Toward Quality in K-12 DL Practice

  1. 1. Toward Quality in DL Practice <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we know it? </li></ul><ul><li>Randy LaBonte </li></ul><ul><li>DL Consultant </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Education </li></ul><ul><li>604-983-0636 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  2. 2. What is distributed learning? <ul><li>In policy: “ A method of instruction that relies primarily on indirect communication between students and teachers, including internet or other electronic-based delivery, teleconferencing, or correspondence.” </li></ul><ul><li>DL is a method of instruction that takes place when a student is primarily at a distance from the teacher, whether at home or connecting from another facility </li></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  3. 3. The Vision for DL <ul><ul><li>Distributed learning in BC will be a quality, dynamic and engaging learning environment that all students in the province can access. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It will not be limited by schedules, calendars, facilities or locations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DL will provide equitable access to education, specifically providing choice for students who have restricted options . </li></ul></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  4. 4. DL is Growing <ul><li>In the US by 25 percent each year </li></ul><ul><li>In BC DL student enrolment headcount 5000 in 2003 – project 50,000 in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Most growth is in the cross-enrolled students in grades 10-12 </li></ul><ul><li>Most DL schools hiring new teachers and coping with staff turnover </li></ul><ul><li>Changes & growth have led to confusion </li></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  5. 5. Recognizing Quality in DL Practice <ul><li>While quality is difficult to define, its importance is universally appreciated (Garvin 1988). </li></ul><ul><li>Quality's economical importance comes from its perceived ability to lower costs, improve employee commitment, and ensure continuous improvement within a dynamic environment (Dawson&Palmer 1995). </li></ul><ul><li>Its pedagogical meaning focuses at enhancing the process of learning and the interaction between the learner and the learning environment. </li></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  6. 6. Defining Quality <ul><li>Quality: “the non-inferiority, superiority, or usefulness of something” – the perception of the degree to which a product or service meets the customer's expectations. Quality has no specific meaning unless related to a specific function and/or object. Quality is a perceptual, conditional and somewhat subjective attribute. </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quality </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Measures of learning--and of quality--are elusive and often controversial ...&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Oblinger, Barone, Hawkins, 2001, p. 19 </li></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  7. 7. Garrison & Anderson (2003) <ul><li>“ Like bandwidth, content per se will have little direct value in the near future… [as] there will be virtually unlimited bandwidth and unlimited content storage at very little cost”. Institutions need to focus on “adding value to the context or interactive side of the educational equation, creating quality-learning experiences that are engaging, relevant, and responsive.” (p.116) </li></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  8. 8. Principles of Learning <ul><li>Three principles of learning guide educational practice in British Columbia: </li></ul><ul><li>Learning requires the active participation of the student. </li></ul><ul><li>Students learn in a variety of ways and at different rates. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is both an individual and a social process. </li></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  9. 9. How People Learn (National Research Council) <ul><li>Schools must be learner centred </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students come to the classroom with preconceptions about how the world works. If their initial understanding is not engaged, they may fail to grasp the new concepts and information that are taught, or they may learn them for purposes of a test but revert to their preconceptions outside the classroom. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To develop competence in an area of inquiry, students must: (a) have a deep foundation of factual knowledge, (b) understand facts and ideas in the context of a conceptual framework, and (c) organize knowledge in ways that facilitate retrieval and application. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A &quot;metacognitive&quot; approach to instruction can help students learn to take control of their own learning by defining learning goals and monitoring their progress in achieving them. </li></ul></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  10. 10. BC Premiers’ Technology Council <ul><li>That the Ministry develop Key Performance Indicators to measure the success of programs that encompass learning technology and use those KPI to ensure quality. (Recommendation 10.2) </li></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  11. 11. DL policies and agreement <ul><li>Focus on quality – DL Standards articulate quality learning in a DL environment </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on engagement – no funding without active learning </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on achievement – continuous enrolment and Ministry data collections </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on transparency – clear flow of Ministry funding with no money directly paid to parents </li></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  12. 12. Standards <ul><li>Purposes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide a framework for accountability and continuous improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guide development and evaluation of instructional practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe baseline for content and resources </li></ul></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  13. 13. DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  14. 14. DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  15. 15. JK Rice (2003) <ul><li>Analysis of 400,000 students in 3000 schools found the most important predictor of quality was the teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher effect on student achievement was both additive and cumulative </li></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  16. 16. DL Schools in BC DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  17. 17. DL School Programs – 3 types <ul><li>Home-based (K-7) </li></ul><ul><li>Online school-based (10-12 x-enrolled) </li></ul><ul><li>Blended (F2F, online, home) </li></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  18. 18. A Continuum for DL Geography Size Site attendance Required Provincial Small Large Local Optional Primarily local Primarily at a distance Instruction Blended Community-centric Home-Based Learner-centric Virtual Provincial -centric DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  19. 19. How are we doing? DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  20. 20. No Significant Difference? <ul><li>Shepherd (2001) review of 300 studies on education medium – ‘no significant difference’ http://www.nosignificantdifference.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;... when compared, face to face education with Internet Based Distance Education, there is a significant difference in favor of the Internet Based Distance education.&quot;   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Significant Difference - Better Results with Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2006 - Sahin, C. S. Overcoming the &quot;No Significant Difference&quot; Phenomenon in Distance Education by Internet Andolu University, Turkey http://aof.edu.tr/iodl2006 </li></ul></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  21. 21. Quality Review Project
  22. 22. DL Quality Review <ul><li>Foster improved quality in distributed learning practice </li></ul><ul><li>Support implementation of Ministry legislation, policy and DL Agreement requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Assist in establishing and confirming sound practice in all DL schools </li></ul><ul><li>While audits guide compliance in funding and reporting, the quality review is intended to guide improved student achievement, choice and satisfaction while meeting DL standards </li></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  23. 23. Data-driven Process Analyzing <ul><ul><li>Student Success – based on: DL achievement data, provincial exam data, FSA results, satisfaction surveys, district and school-level data, observations of learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructional Practice – based on: DL standards, research on emerging DL instructional practice, DL staff experience and training, integration and use of educational technologies, strategies for supporting learner engagement, DL materials used </li></ul></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  24. 24. DL Quality Review Process <ul><ul><li>Internal review by DL educators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rubrics including DL standards, data sets, support planning processes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collection and monitoring of above data to shape DL practice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External Review Team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Initial meeting(s) with school staff and district staff </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Observation/discussion with instructional, support and admin staff </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion of observations – external team and district/school staff </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post site review meeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Observations and data analysis, areas of strength /improvement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publication of external review formal report </li></ul></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  25. 25. What did we find in the pilots? DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  26. 26. Quality Review Pilots <ul><li>10 sites (SD8/22/23/34/35/37/41/59/60/63) </li></ul><ul><li>DL viewed differently by districts (special program, alternate school, home schooling, continuing education) – not a ‘cash cow’ </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation with educational technologies was found in the DL school and/or in the district </li></ul><ul><li>Some still using old methodologies from correspondence school days </li></ul><ul><li>Focus was on completion and satisfaction </li></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  27. 27. Interesting practices... <ul><li>Use of synchronous tools and events </li></ul><ul><li>Development of online presence </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of cohort groups </li></ul><ul><li>Blending learning (F2F with online) </li></ul><ul><li>Project-based work </li></ul><ul><li>Portfolio assessment strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced use of video </li></ul><ul><li>Student-led and controlled technologies </li></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  28. 28. Finalizing the Process <ul><li>Publication of best and emerging practices </li></ul><ul><li>Working group established to debrief qualtiy review process/results </li></ul><ul><li>Input sought to published documents </li></ul><ul><li>June publication of Quality Review Process </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation September 2008 </li></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  29. 29. Links <ul><li>BC Ministry of Education Distributed Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/dist_learning/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BC Distributed Learning Agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/dist_learning/documents/dist_learn_agmt.pdf </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BC Distributed Learning Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/dist_learning/documents/dl_standards.pdf </li></ul></ul><ul><li>LearnNow BC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.learnnowbc.gov.bc.ca </li></ul></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008
  30. 30. Toward Quality in DL <ul><li>DL Consultant </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Randy LaBonte </li></ul><ul><li>Direct: 604-983-0636 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>DL Quality Overview ~ Randy LaBonte April 2008

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