Words and comprehension

2,211 views

Published on

This presentation was presented at the 2010 MABE conference in Dearborn Michigan. The presentation speaks to different methods of teaching words to students.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,211
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
94
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Words and comprehension

  1. 1. Words and Comprehension: The Key to Growth<br />Keith Pruitt, Ed.S.<br />www.woweducationalconsulting.com<br />Presentation sponsored by Pearson Longman Publishing<br />
  2. 2. What impact would it have on your children if they could learn 1000-1500 newwords per year?<br />How would the acquisition of this many words impact their comprehension?<br />But First A Question…<br />What is Comprehension?<br />
  3. 3. Jamika’s Story<br />What is Involved In Comprehension?<br />What Does it Mean to Understand?<br /><ul><li>Making Sense of text based on author’s intention and message.
  4. 4. Understanding how the words interplay to relay a message.
  5. 5. To exercise intellectual muscle
  6. 6. To connect with a text in a meaningful way</li></li></ul><li>The most consequential element leading to comprehension is Vocabulary.<br />Learning vocabulary is very tied to background knowledge.Marzano<br />
  7. 7. Let’s examine some methods of teaching vocabulary that will help comprehension.<br />
  8. 8. From Pearson Longman Cornerstone<br />Pre-teaching words in a context<br />Visual Schema<br />Transferable language<br />
  9. 9. From Pearson Longman’s Keystone<br />Thematic Instruction<br />Visual Literacy<br />
  10. 10. Thinking Chart<br />How might I journey?<br />Journeys<br />boat<br />walking<br />car<br />plane<br />What type journey?<br />fishing<br />cruise<br />Dinner boat<br />swimming<br />eating<br />Meeting new people<br />What activities might I do on a cruise?<br />
  11. 11. Use Vocabulary Journals<br />Theme: Journeys<br />Words having to do with journeys<br />1.Voyages<br />2. Plundered<br />3.Scarce<br />4.Evolved<br />5.Ceased<br />Theme: Families<br />Words having to do with families<br />1.Mother<br />2.Father<br />3.Brother<br />4.Sister<br />5.Cousin<br />6.Grandparents<br />7.Home<br />8.<br />9.<br />10.<br />11.<br />12.<br />13.<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. From Pearson Longman’s Keystone<br />Thematic Instruction<br />Visual Literacy<br />
  14. 14. Do Not Under-estimate the power of a picture.<br />The Heart of the Tulip<br />By Keith Pruitt<br />© art by Keith<br />
  15. 15. © art by Keith<br />Early pioneers lived in log houses like this one.<br />
  16. 16. © art by Keith<br />Very large houses are sometimes called mansions.<br />
  17. 17. translucent<br />© art by Keith<br />Use photography to help create schema with difficult words.<br />
  18. 18.
  19. 19. A Graphic Way of ShowingTense<br />EAT<br />ATE<br />WillEat<br />Future<br />Past<br />Present<br />
  20. 20. Use graphic organizers to help students use the words in meaningful contexts<br />
  21. 21. Direct Instruction of Vocabulary<br />Explain<br />Restate<br />Show<br />Discuss<br />Refine and Reflect<br />Apply and Learning Games<br />Robert Marzano, Building Background Knowledge<br />
  22. 22. Exploding The Vocabulary<br />Through direct instruction, 5-8 words/week<br />Adds approximately 160 words to reading/writing vocabularies.<br />If we take the connective words for those five… look what happens.<br />
  23. 23. A Word Tree Starts with Base Word<br />So work becomes<br />Works<br />Worker<br />Worked<br />Working<br />Will Work<br />Labor<br />Job<br />Employment<br />Exert<br />Lazy<br />
  24. 24. Using Word Tree<br />Those five words have become @50 words.<br />Now in 32 weeks we have instructed 1600 words.<br />Students may gain another 320-600 words via reading.<br />Now we have exploded the vocabulary by a maximum of 2200 words in 32 weeks.<br />In the traditional program 640 words are instructed, but only 64-120 of them are learned. And emphasis is on spelling.<br />
  25. 25. You Try It<br />Here are some common words taught. What other words may we teach in conjunction with these:<br />Glimmer<br /> Vast<br /> Artistic<br /> Disturb<br />
  26. 26. Scaffold The Reading<br />Pearson Longman Keystone<br />Visual Literacy is crucial<br />Gloss words that need explanation– do not assume students know these words.<br />Provide explanation at point of usage.<br />Check for understanding before going on.<br />
  27. 27. Use good questioning to assess the level at which students comprehend. Begin at surface understanding and progress to analysis.<br />Jack and Jill went…<br />To fetch a pale of …<br />But why did they go UP a hill to fetch water?<br />
  28. 28. Go from this…<br />Teach roots<br />Suffixes<br />Prefixes<br />translucent<br />Trans-<br />Across, through, on the other side, beyond<br />
  29. 29. translation<br />To This<br />transfer<br />translated<br />transferred<br />transferable<br />transference<br />transportation<br />translucent<br />Trans-<br />Across, through, on the other side, beyond<br />
  30. 30. If you’ll just give me words today <br />That I may understand,<br />Then some day soon I’ll read your books<br />Just because I can.<br />They make no sense when first glimpse meets<br />Because I have no connect,<br />So if you work with me today<br />Their meanings I’ll detect.<br />I like to learn new words each day<br />To me it’s lots of fun,<br />So bring them on sweet teacher dear<br />With them I’ll learn a ton!<br />Keith Pruitt, 2010<br />
  31. 31. Thank You<br />Words of Wisdom<br />Educational Consulting<br />www.woweducationalconsulting.com<br />Join us on facebook<br />

×