Teaching prefixes, suffixes and roots

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This workshop is based on the work of Patricia Cunningham and is a 20 minute training session for teachers, but may be used in the classroom with students. Great way of building skills in preparation for mandated tests.

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Teaching prefixes, suffixes and roots

  1. 1. Teaching <br />Prefixes<br />Suffixes<br />And<br />Roots<br />Keith Pruitt<br />Words of Wisdom Educational Consulting<br />www.woweducationalconsulting.com<br />
  2. 2. One way to greatly enlarge the vocabulary of students in very short order is through teaching prefixes, suffixes and root words. <br />Knowledge of these areas will help to greatly expand student vocabulary.<br />Let’s first explore the nature of compound words.<br />
  3. 3. Compound Words<br />When we add two words together, we form compound words. These may be easily taught to students.<br />Patricia Cunningham suggests doing word sort activities by categorizing compounds.<br />Apple + sauce<br />Earth + quake<br />Draw + bridge<br />Brain + storm<br />Basket + ball<br />Pan + cakes<br />Ear + rings<br />Finger + prints<br />
  4. 4. Prefixes<br />Un-, re-, in-, dis- are the most common prefixes and when students have learned their meanings, they can learn more than 1500 words easily.<br />Start instruction with un-<br />Read a selection… <br />Explain that un carries the opposite meaning of the word to which it is added.<br />
  5. 5. Prefixes<br />UN-<br />Which of these are prefixes and which are not?<br />Unemployed<br />Uncle<br />Unstable<br />Unbroken<br />Unicorn <br />Unhealthy<br />Unlucky<br />United<br />
  6. 6. Prefixes<br />Re-<br />Can mean back or again<br />Which are these? And which are not a prefix?<br />Rearrange<br />Refund<br />Reply<br />Review<br />Refrigerator<br />Relocate<br />Reporter<br />Rewrite<br />
  7. 7. Prefixes<br />In- Dis-<br />Opposite or not, but words with in are irregular<br />Do sorting exercises with prefixes, not prefixes including the irregular spellings.<br />Inspire<br />Irrational<br />Immigrant<br />Improve<br />Dislike<br />
  8. 8. Prefixes<br />Less common prefixes include in, mis, non, pre, en, over, under.<br /> misinform<br />Inside<br />Preview<br />Overdone<br />Preteen<br />Nonliving<br />Nonrenewable<br />Underhand<br />Understand<br />
  9. 9. Suffixes<br />Often just called endings the most common are s (plural forms), er(relating to a person or thing that does something), ful, less, able, ible, ist.<br />What do these words mean when the suffix is added?<br />Fighter<br />Folder<br />Helpful<br />Visitor<br />Doubtful<br />Powerless<br />Suitable<br />Gullible<br />Persist<br />
  10. 10. Suffixes<br />Here are words using less meaning without<br />Here are words using ful meaning full or having<br />Do the same exercise with -ment, -ance, -ness, -tion. Write riddles of what word am in with several. I end in –tion. We need to do this in math. What am I?<br />
  11. 11. Prefixes<br />Un-, re-, in-, dis- are the most common prefixes and when students have learned their meanings, they can learn more than 1500 words easily.<br />Start instruction with un-<br />Read a selection… <br />Explain that un carries the opposite meaning of the word to which it is added.<br />
  12. 12. Roots<br />Here are some common roots and their meanings. What words could be taught? Give two examples of each.<br />Dict= say<br />Duct=lead<br />Fac/fec=do, make<br />Ject=throw<br />Loc=place<br />Meter=measure<br />Micro=small<br />Phon=sound<br />Photo=light<br />Port=carry, take<br />Press=press<br />Scrib=write<br />Sens=feel<br />Spec=look<br />Struct=build<br />Tele=far<br />Tract=drag, pull<br />Vis/vid=see<br />Voc=voice, call<br />
  13. 13. If we will spend just a few moments a day working with these words, we can seriously impact the knowledge base of each student.Keith PruittWords of Wisdom Educational Consultingwww.woweducationalconsulting.com<br />

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