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Five Ways to Ensure Fluency



          Keith Pruitt, Ed.S.
     Words of Wisdom Educational
              Consulting
       www.woweducationalconsulting.com
How We Understand
Fluency Determines How
    We Instruct It—

  How Do You Define
      Fluency?
“Fluency is one of several
critical factors necessary for
reading comprehension.
Despite its importance as a
component of skilled
reading, fluency is often
neglected in the classroom.”

             Report of the National Reading Panel – Teaching Children to Read, 2000.
What Does A Fluent Reader   •Fluent readers read with
                            automaticity
                            •Fluent readers read with
                            prosody
          Do?



                            •Fluent readers read naturally
                            as though speaking (phrasing)
                            •Fluent readers read
                            accurately and with natural
                            flow or pace
Is It Necessary to Teach Fluency?



The teacher said the principal is
the best in the district.
“The teacher,” said the
principal, “is the best in the
district.”
Defining Terms
•Automaticity-           By “automatic” we simply mean that the
words in the text can be decoded with ease, speed, and accuracy. --
         S. Jay Samuels, Reading Fluency: It’s Past, Present, and Future. (2006). Fluency
         Instruction: Research-based Best Practices. Guildford.



The author goes on to use the comparison of a person driving a car.




                                               From www.buzzle.com
Defining Terms
• Prosody-         “Expression (the technical term is prosody)
includes pausing, phrasing, rhythm, pitch, smoothness, and
stress, all working together in an integrated was to reflect the
reader’s interpretation of the text.” --p.71, Fountas & Pinnell, Teaching for
Comprehending and Fluency(2006). Heinemann.
Defining Terms
• Phrasing- “refers to the way readers put words together in
groups to represent the meaningful units of language.”—Fountas and
Pinnell (2006). Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency. Heinemann
Ensuring Fluency
1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO
  students.

                   Students should be able
                   to read with
                   fluency, expression, and
                   correct phrasing—all
                   indicators of
                   effective, meaningful
                   reading. Research has
                   shown that oral reading is
                   one of the best ways to
                   help children develop
Ensuring Fluency
1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO
  students.
2.Students should read to each other. INTERACTIVE
  READING.
Isn’t as threatening.
Allows for familiarity with
difficult text and vocabulary
Provides opportunity for
active listening activities
Builds confidence as a reader
Ensuring Fluency
1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO
  students.
2.Students should read to each other. INTERACTIVE
  READING.
3.Students should use technology. Books on
  electronic file.
          Hearing a book read on tape helps her see how the words on the
          page can come alive in a fluid, expressive way. It helps her focus on
          the sounds of words read without interruption and provides a
          model of fluent reading. Audio books also give her an important
          introduction to listening — a skill that she must master in order to
          learn to read. --Susan Neuman, The Literacy Benefits of Listening, from Scholastic website
Ensuring Fluency
1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO
  students.
2.Students should read to each other. INTERACTIVE
  READING.
3.Students should use technology. Books on
  electronic file.
4.Students should read to themselves.
  INDEPENDENT READING
Ensuring Fluency
1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO
  students.
2.Students should read to each other. INTERACTIVE
  READING.
3.Students should use technology. Books on
  electronic file.
4.Students should read to themselves. INDEPENDENT
  READING
5.Students should read to their teachers. GUIDED
  READING.
Unless you are listening to your students
read, how are you going to know their
abilities and deficits?
Ensuring Fluency
1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO
  students.
2.Students should read to each other. INTERACTIVE
  READING.
3.Students should use technology. Books on
  electronic file.
4.Students should read to themselves.
  INDEPENDENT READING
5.Students should read to their teachers. GUIDED
  READING.
Fluency involves many aspects of
literacy. It isn’t just reading fast!




But so much rests on the student’s
ability to read as a fluent reader. It has
impact on comprehension and in the
end shows in the assessment.
Thank You

     Keith Pruitt
   Words of Wisdom

www.woweducationalconsulting.com

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Five ways to ensure fluency

  • 1. Five Ways to Ensure Fluency Keith Pruitt, Ed.S. Words of Wisdom Educational Consulting www.woweducationalconsulting.com
  • 2. How We Understand Fluency Determines How We Instruct It— How Do You Define Fluency?
  • 3. “Fluency is one of several critical factors necessary for reading comprehension. Despite its importance as a component of skilled reading, fluency is often neglected in the classroom.” Report of the National Reading Panel – Teaching Children to Read, 2000.
  • 4. What Does A Fluent Reader •Fluent readers read with automaticity •Fluent readers read with prosody Do? •Fluent readers read naturally as though speaking (phrasing) •Fluent readers read accurately and with natural flow or pace
  • 5. Is It Necessary to Teach Fluency? The teacher said the principal is the best in the district. “The teacher,” said the principal, “is the best in the district.”
  • 6. Defining Terms •Automaticity- By “automatic” we simply mean that the words in the text can be decoded with ease, speed, and accuracy. -- S. Jay Samuels, Reading Fluency: It’s Past, Present, and Future. (2006). Fluency Instruction: Research-based Best Practices. Guildford. The author goes on to use the comparison of a person driving a car. From www.buzzle.com
  • 7. Defining Terms • Prosody- “Expression (the technical term is prosody) includes pausing, phrasing, rhythm, pitch, smoothness, and stress, all working together in an integrated was to reflect the reader’s interpretation of the text.” --p.71, Fountas & Pinnell, Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency(2006). Heinemann.
  • 8. Defining Terms • Phrasing- “refers to the way readers put words together in groups to represent the meaningful units of language.”—Fountas and Pinnell (2006). Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency. Heinemann
  • 9. Ensuring Fluency 1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO students. Students should be able to read with fluency, expression, and correct phrasing—all indicators of effective, meaningful reading. Research has shown that oral reading is one of the best ways to help children develop
  • 10. Ensuring Fluency 1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO students. 2.Students should read to each other. INTERACTIVE READING. Isn’t as threatening. Allows for familiarity with difficult text and vocabulary Provides opportunity for active listening activities Builds confidence as a reader
  • 11. Ensuring Fluency 1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO students. 2.Students should read to each other. INTERACTIVE READING. 3.Students should use technology. Books on electronic file. Hearing a book read on tape helps her see how the words on the page can come alive in a fluid, expressive way. It helps her focus on the sounds of words read without interruption and provides a model of fluent reading. Audio books also give her an important introduction to listening — a skill that she must master in order to learn to read. --Susan Neuman, The Literacy Benefits of Listening, from Scholastic website
  • 12. Ensuring Fluency 1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO students. 2.Students should read to each other. INTERACTIVE READING. 3.Students should use technology. Books on electronic file. 4.Students should read to themselves. INDEPENDENT READING
  • 13. Ensuring Fluency 1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO students. 2.Students should read to each other. INTERACTIVE READING. 3.Students should use technology. Books on electronic file. 4.Students should read to themselves. INDEPENDENT READING 5.Students should read to their teachers. GUIDED READING.
  • 14. Unless you are listening to your students read, how are you going to know their abilities and deficits?
  • 15. Ensuring Fluency 1.Students need to hear language. Reading TO students. 2.Students should read to each other. INTERACTIVE READING. 3.Students should use technology. Books on electronic file. 4.Students should read to themselves. INDEPENDENT READING 5.Students should read to their teachers. GUIDED READING.
  • 16. Fluency involves many aspects of literacy. It isn’t just reading fast! But so much rests on the student’s ability to read as a fluent reader. It has impact on comprehension and in the end shows in the assessment.
  • 17. Thank You Keith Pruitt Words of Wisdom www.woweducationalconsulting.com