Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Game Rules


Published on

The basics of game rules.

Game Rules

  1. 1. Game Rules Rules define game objects and define allowable actions by the players
  2. 2. Game Rules <ul><li>Consider these questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How do players learn the rules? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How are the rules enforced? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What kinds of rules work best in certain situations? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are there patterns to rule sets? What can we learn from these patterns? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Game Rules <ul><li>Rules are generally laid out in the rules document of board and card games. The players must remember and adjudicate the rules. </li></ul><ul><li>Rules in digital games may be explained in the manual, or they may be designed into the program. The program adjudicates the rules and prevents breaking the rules. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Game Rules <ul><li>Rules may close loopholes in a game’s system. Consider the game of Monopoly : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Do not pass go, do not collect $200”. This rule is applied when a player is sent to jail from any spot on the board. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The rule is important because a player could make the argument that moving past “Go” entitles him to collect $200, turning a punishment into a reward. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Game Rules <ul><li>Too many rules may make your game unplayable. </li></ul><ul><li>Too few rules may make your game so simple as to be unchallenging. </li></ul><ul><li>Poorly communicated rules may confuse or alienate players. </li></ul><ul><li>Even in digital games, where the rules are kept by the program, players need to clearly understand the rules so they do not feel cheated. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Examples of Game Rules <ul><li>Poker : A straight is five consecutively ranked cards; a straight flush is five consecutively ranked cards of the same suit. </li></ul><ul><li>Chess : A player cannot move her king into check. </li></ul><ul><li>Go : A player cannot make a move that recreates a previous situation on the board. </li></ul><ul><li>WarCraft II : In order to create knight units, a player must have upgraded to keep and build a stable. </li></ul><ul><li>You Don’t Know Jack : If a player answers a question incorrectly, the other players get a chance to answer. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rules Define Objects & Concepts <ul><li>Games do not inherit objects from the real world; rather, they create their own objects and concepts, usually as part of the rule set. </li></ul><ul><li>Even if the objects or concepts are familiar, they still need to be defined by the rules. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the Poker rule regarding the concept of a “Straight” or a Straight Flush”: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no “Straight” outside the realm of poker. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When you learn the rules of poker, one of the key concepts is to learn the make-up and values of certain hands. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Poker Hands A STRAIGHT refers to five cards in numerical order (3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 7, 8, 9, 10, J, for example), with the cards belonging to various suits.
  9. 9. Poker Hands FOUR OF A KIND refers to four cards of matching numerical value and one extra card
  10. 10. Poker Hands A STRAIGHT FLUSH is a straight with all cards belonging to the same suit
  11. 11. Poker Hands A ROYAL FLUSH contains the 10, jack, queen, king and ace of a single suit
  12. 12. <ul><li>Royal Flush </li></ul><ul><li>Straight Flush </li></ul><ul><li>Four of a Kind </li></ul><ul><li>Full House </li></ul><ul><li>Flush </li></ul><ul><li>Straight </li></ul><ul><li>Three of a Kind </li></ul><ul><li>Two Pair </li></ul><ul><li>Pair </li></ul><ul><li>High Card </li></ul>LOW HAND HIGH HAND
  13. 13. Poker Hands
  14. 14. <ul><li>Chess uses objects that relate to the real world, but chess simply uses the notion of King, Queen, etc. to give context to the behavior and value of the pieces. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>King </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Queen </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rook </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bishop </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knight </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pawn </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The game pieces of Monopoly do not have separate values or inherit unique powers. </li></ul><ul><li>The rule concerning these pieces is that they represent a single player and locate the player’s position on the game board. </li></ul><ul><li>Players often argue over who gets what piece, but in terms of gameplay rules, it doesn’t make any difference. That’s the rule as spelled out in Monopoly . </li></ul>
  16. 16. Game Rules