Spills, Sins & Starbucks

496 views

Published on

Spills, Sins & Starbucks: how we designed our cities around oil

The Gulf Coast Oil Spill is the worst environmental disaster in history. This talk explores the tragedy of the spill, and how our own dependence on fossil fuels is really to blame and a plan for how to transform our cities and suburbs to eliminate this addiction for good.

The design of our cities and suburbs is dictated by the automobile. From the width of the street, location of driveways, distance between buildings and the spacing of the structure, the automobile has irrevocably changed our cities from human scale to vehicle scale. This talk explores those connections.

Through the lens of the 7 Deadly Sins, this lecture examines the root causes leading up to the oil spill, the forces driving these events and the maps out several poignant and humorous alternatives we need to develop. If the Car Culture represents the 20th Century, then we need to redefine our culture for the 21st.

This brand new "bullet-point free" talk is presented by the acclaimed author of "Green Building for Dummies." It was hailed by Apartment Therapy as "phenomenal" and "engaging, funny and super interesting."

Published in: Design, Technology, Business
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
496
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
74
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Spills, Sins & Starbucks

  1. 1. Spills, Sins &
  2. 2. Deepwater HorizonGulf of Mexico: 20 April 2010
  3. 3. (DRILLING CONTRACTOR)(OWNER) (OPERATOR)
  4. 4. Deepwater Horizon20 April 2010
  5. 5. Deepwater Horizon21 April 2010
  6. 6. I N M E M O R I U M Jason Anderson Aaron Dale Burkeen Donald Clark Stephen Curtis Roy Wyatt Kemp Karl Kleppinger Gordon Jones SOURCE: Boston.com Big Picture, Eric Gay Photographer Blair Manuel Dewey Revette Shane Roshto Adam WeiseD E E P W A T E R H O R I Z O N - 2 0 A P R I L 2 0 1 0
  7. 7. SOURCE: NASA Visualization Studio
  8. 8. spill
  9. 9. oil transfusion
  10. 10. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill 1989 271,000 barrelsGulf Coast Oil Spill 2010 4,900,000 barrels SOURCE: US Geological Service
  11. 11. This is a warning... Deepwater Horizon 21 April 2010
  12. 12. UP RRC O T
  13. 13. BP Safety Violation Timeline1999-2010A history of willful violations as their cost of doing business. SOURCE: Fast Company
  14. 14. BP 760 2007-2010 violations97 % willful violationsSOURCE: OSHA, Washington Post, Exxon Presentation, 2010
  15. 15. 87 days 0 gallons 205,800,00SOURCE: U.S. Geological Survey, Washington PostPHOTO: Montgomery Advertiser-David Bundy
  16. 16. 6 of oil hours worth US Oil Consumption 19,498,000SOURCE: Energy Information Administration (EIA)PHOTO: Edward Burtynsky, Oil Spill #2, Discoverer Enterprise, May 12, 2010 bpd
  17. 17. PHOTO: MARK OSWALD-CNN
  18. 18. $ 22,700,000,00 potential loss of tourism 0 PHOTO: Montgomery Advertiser-David Bundy
  19. 19. Gulf is home to8332 speciesPHOTO: Gerald Herbert / AP
  20. 20. wildlife recovery 20-30 yearsPHOTO: AP Photo-Patrick Semansky
  21. 21. PHOTO: Edward Burtynsky, Oil Spill #10, June 24, 2010
  22. 22. 1969 Santa Barbara Oil Spill January 1969
  23. 23. “The Santa Barbaraincident has franklytouched the conscienceof the American people.”President Richard M. Nixon Nixon Visits Beach Santa Barbara Oil Spill January 1969
  24. 24. 1970
  25. 25. 40th Anniversary: April 22nd
  26. 26. PHOTO: Reuters / Carlos Barria
  27. 27. PHOTO: Margaret Bourke-White
  28. 28. SHARE theSTREET
  29. 29. 1906 San Francisco
  30. 30. 1941 San Francisco
  31. 31. Public UtilityHolding Company Actof 1935
  32. 32. (a.k.a. Chevron)National City Lines
  33. 33. trolley systems
  34. 34. Great American Streetcar Scandal 1936-1950
  35. 35. 19362003
  36. 36. 1 8 in in1920s ten ten 1955
  37. 37. 1905 first station
  38. 38. Charles E. WilsonPresident, General Motors (1941-53)US Secretary of Defense (1953-57)
  39. 39. 41,000 miles 1956 interstate highway act
  40. 40. $ 25,000,000,00 1956 interstate highway act 0 PHOTO: Josef Schultz
  41. 41. NATIONAL DEFENSE
  42. 42. highways increase congestion
  43. 43. WIDERSTREETS
  44. 44. LONDON
  45. 45. PARIS
  46. 46. NEW YORK
  47. 47. ILLUST: Ross Racine
  48. 48. stuck in traffic 84 hours/yearSOURCE: State of California, 1990
  49. 49. 94 % idle car PARKED
  50. 50. STILL: Logoramawww.logorama-themovie.com
  51. 51. PHOTO: Josef Schultz
  52. 52. Got Hemorrhoids?
  53. 53. PHOTO: Alex MacLean
  54. 54. la county70 PARKING %PHOTO: LA County, 1951
  55. 55. HOUSTON square milesPHOTO: NASA Earth Observatory
  56. 56. landscrapersinstead of skyscrapers
  57. 57. FLICKR: kapaktvstructural spacingby width of 3 cars
  58. 58. donald appleyard study
  59. 59. public transit is cheap
  60. 60. PHOTO: Maxx Scholtenalternatives to the car
  61. 61. % of public transit userslowest usehighest never use SOURCE: National Geographic Consumer Greendex
  62. 62. of all tra n1 sit rid ers3 New York Cit y
  63. 63. transit brings people into city
  64. 64. ST UC K
  65. 65. GREED LUST GLUTTONY SLOTH ENVY PRIDE WRATH
  66. 66. GREED LUST GLUTTONY SLOTH ENVY PRIDE WRATH STILL: Se7en The BP Oil Executives
  67. 67. STILL: Wall Street
  68. 68. BP Management
  69. 69. largest OIL PRODUCER in US
  70. 70. why the rush?$350,000,00035,000 feet21 days (expected) 6 centralizers (10 hours saved) Mud set (12 hours saved)6 weeks (actual) No acoustic test ($118k saved) No acoustic switch ($500k saved) No backup BOP ($500k saved) No lockdown sleeve ($0 saved)
  71. 71. 1989
  72. 72. CREDIT DEFAULT SWAPS
  73. 73. Prince William Sound 1989
  74. 74. SOURCE: GreenpeacePrince William Sound Today
  75. 75. GREED LUST GLUTTONY SLOTH ENVY PRIDE WRATH STILL: Se7en The American Public
  76. 76. PHOTO: The Graduate
  77. 77. PHOTO: Alex MacLean
  78. 78. x
  79. 79. $100 per fill up
  80. 80. 25 SOURCE: Detroit News, Motortrend miles per gallon 21.3 current national average
  81. 81. GREED LUST GLUTTONY SLOTH ENVY PRIDE WRATH STILL: Se7en The Lobbyists
  82. 82. registered un-registered 90,000 11,000SOURCE: Center for Responsive Politics STILL: Thank You For Smoking
  83. 83. of Congress for every member climate lobbyists4SOURCE: Center for Responsive Politics
  84. 84. LOBBYISTS h)(the 4th branc
  85. 85. “legalized bribery” Jack Abramoff Disgraced Lobbyist
  86. 86. 3 out of every four lobbyistspreviously worked in Government SOURCE: Washington Post
  87. 87. SOURCE: Center for Responsive Politics 3,500,000,000$ $1,300,000/hour 2009 Federal Lobbying
  88. 88. for bo th par ties 238,700,000 $ 75% Republicans / 25% Democrats SOURCE: Center for Responsive Politics oil & gas company campaign contributions since 1990
  89. 89. More than just an Oil Spill Bob Herbert - May 22, 2010 “...the bitter reality of the American present, a period in which big business has cemented an unholy alliance with big governmentagainst the interests of ordinary Americans...”
  90. 90. GREED LUST GLUTTONY SLOTH ENVY PRIDE WRATH STILL: Se7en The Media
  91. 91. The Media
  92. 92. Dr. A. Einstein Mr. P. HeadNobel Prize Winner Hash Brown Coalition GLOBAL WARMING?! NOTHING TO WORRY ABOUT... Copyright © 2010 organicARCHITECT Inc.
  93. 93. “Where’s the oil?You don’t see it on thebeach...”May 16, 2010 - Fox News
  94. 94. Mobile Press-Register12 June 2010
  95. 95. Mobile Press-Register13 June 2010
  96. 96. “I have lived and worked through that Exxon Valdez oil spill.” 25Palin was years old when the spill occurred
  97. 97. Oklahoma CitybombingApril 19, 1995
  98. 98. “Environmentalist whackosmay have blown up theoil rig to head offmore oil drilling...”April 29, 2010 - The Rush Limbaugh Show
  99. 99. tomscott.com/warnings
  100. 100. GREED LUST GLUTTONY SLOTH ENVY PRIDE WRATH STILL: Se7en The Regulators
  101. 101. Greener
  102. 102. MMS OilCompanies
  103. 103. MMSOfficial
  104. 104. SOURCE: Dan Wasserman, Boston Globe
  105. 105. GREED LUST GLUTTONY SLOTH ENVY PRIDE WRATH STILL: Se7en The Politicians
  106. 106. “More offshore drilling...” June 3, 2010 SOURCE: Letter to President Obama from Gov. Jindal, June 3, 2010 Governor Bobby Jindal Louisiana
  107. 107. “This deepwater moratorium could potentially be devastating for Louisiana...” June 3, 2010 Received over $451,200 from oil companies since 2005 SOURCE: Open SecretsSenator David Vitter Louisiana
  108. 108. SOURCE: Open Secretsapologized to BP(& used to work for them) Received over $1,477,530 from oil companies since 1989 Rep. Joe Barton Texas House Energy & Commerce Committee
  109. 109. “Spill will haveminimal impact” June, 2010 SOURCE: National Institute on Money in State Politics Received over $1,800,000 from oil & gas companies since 2003 Boss Hogg Governor Haley Barbour Hazard County, Georgia Mississippi
  110. 110. ALLSOLUTIONS MUST BEPAINLESS
  111. 111. Too Many Hamburgers? Thomas Friedman - September 21, 2010“...more interested in what keeps them in power than what would again make America powerful,more interested in defeating each other than saving the country.”
  112. 112. GREED LUST GLUTTONY SLOTH ENVY PRIDE WRATH The Rest of Us
  113. 113. Massive flow of bullsh*t continues to flow from Gulf The Onion - June 7, 2010
  114. 114. “...I’d like my life back.” May 30, 2010
  115. 115. Cuyahoga River Fire Love Canal Dump 1970 1978 Bhopal Gas Leak Chernobyl Nuclear 1984 1986
  116. 116. a “crude” reality
  117. 117. Residential Commericial3½% 1½% Electricity 1%Industrial23% Transportation 71% PHOTO: ChrisEnergy Information Administration SOURCE: US Jordan Oil End Uses
  118. 118. US Oil Production 1900-2010 Showing offshore oil as part of total production. 24 21 18Barrels Per Day (Millions) 15 SOURCE: US Energy Information Administration (EIA) 12 9 TOTAL US PRODUCTION US PEAK OIL 6 3 OFFSHORE PRODUCTION 0 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
  119. 119. US Oil Production & Consumption 1900-2010 Showing offshore oil as small fraction of total oil use. 24 21 18 TOTAL US CONSUMPTIONBarrels Per Day (Millions) 15 SOURCE: US Energy Information Administration (EIA) 12 9 TOTAL US PRODUCTION US PEAK OIL 6 3 OFFSHORE PRODUCTION 0 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 CONSUMPTION: 19,498,000 BARRELS PER DAY
  120. 120. US Oil Production vs. Consumption 1965-2009 Showing offshore oil as part of total production. 24 21 18 TOTAL US CONSUMPTIONBarrels Per Day (Millions) 15 SOURCE: US Energy Information Administration (EIA) 12 9 TOTAL US PRODUCTION US PEAK OIL 6 3 0 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005
  121. 121. US Oil Imports 1965-2010 Showing trend since US Peak. 80 70 TOTAL US OIL IMPORTS 60 50 SOURCE: US Energy Information Administration (EIA)Percentage 40 30 US PEAK OIL 20 10 0 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005 >71% OIL IMPORTS:
  122. 122. US Oil Imports 1965-2010 Showing trend since US Peak over Presidential Administrations. JOHNSON NIXON FORD CARTER REAGAN BUSH CLINTON BUSH OBAMA 80 70 TOTAL US OIL IMPORTS 60 50 SOURCE: US Energy Information Administration (EIA)Percentage 40 30 US PEAK OIL 20 10 0 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005 >71% OIL IMPORTS:
  123. 123. 1 < % consumptionUS production % Offshore DRILLING
  124. 124. 5106 offshore rigs in gulf blowout disaster was “inconceivable” Steve Rinehart BP Spokesperson 05/02/2010
  125. 125. Gulf Offshore Rig Locations 2010 Showing the rigs close to the coastline SOURCE: US Energy Information Administration (EIA) / NASA Visualization Studio Mississippi AlabamaTexas Florida Louisiana New Orleans Houston 41 mi les Deepwater Horizon April 28, 2010
  126. 126. PRESIDENT OBAMA June 15, 2010PRESIDENT BUSHJanuary 31, 2006
  127. 127. PRESIDENT CLINTON PRESIDENT BUSH June 28, 2000 August 18, 1988PRESIDENT CARTER PRESIDENT REAGAN July 15, 1979 February 18, 1981
  128. 128. PRESIDENT FORD May 27, 1975PRESIDENT NIXON April 18, 1973
  129. 129. 1974
  130. 130. 1974
  131. 131. 1974
  132. 132. 1974
  133. 133. 1974
  134. 134. STILL: The Jerk
  135. 135. Do you favor more offshore drilling? February - June 2010 Public support declining after the spill in a nationwide poll 70 FAVO RO FFSH ORE 60 DRIL LING 50Percentage of Respondents SOURCE: June 16-20, 2010 - Pew Research Center 40 SE OPPO 30 RIG EXPLOSION 20 10 DON’T KNOW 0 April 2010 May 2010 June 2010
  136. 136. PHOTO: Mario Tama / Getty Images
  137. 137. solutions
  138. 138. theWindyplan
  139. 139. oil rigs intoWIND FARMS
  140. 140. Saturday, October 1, 2017 San Francisco Chronicle LARGE AIR SPILL AT WIND brought to you by Carl’s Jr. SOME CLAIM THEY ENJOY BREEZE FARM - OTHERS FEEL CHILLED One local has to put on a sweater by Eric Corey Freed, Staff Write r PACIFICA, CA - A wind farm is a A large wind farm may consist of group of wind turbines in the a few used to select locations for same dozen to several hundred individua wind location used for production of electric l energy development. The WPD wind turbines, and cover an extended is a p owe r. I n d i v i d u a l t u r b i n e s calculation relating to the effective a re area of hundreds of square miles, interconnected with a medium voltage but force of the wind at a particula the land between the turbines may r (usually 34.5 kV) power collectio be location, frequently expressed in n used for agricult ural or other term system and communications network of the elevation above ground . purposes. A wind farm may be located level At a substation, this medium-voltage over a period of time. It takes off-shore to take advantage of strong into electrica l current is increase account velocity and mass. Color- d in winds blowing over the surface voltage with a transfor mer of an coded maps are prepare d for for ocean or lake. a connect ion to the high voltage particular area describing, for example, The worlds first wind farm transmission system. – "Mean Annual Power Density, at consisting of 20 wind turbines rated 50 A large wind farm may consist of at Meters." The results of the above a few 30 kilowatts each – was installed dozen to several hundred individua on calculati on are used in an l the shoulder of Crotched Mountain index wind turbines, and cover an extended in developed by the National Renewab southern New Hampshir le area of hundreds of square miles, e in Energy Lab and referred to as "NREL but December, 1980.[1][2] The Roscoe the land between the turbines may CLASS." The larger the W be Wind Farm (780 MW) in the state PD used for agricult ural or other of calculation the higher it is rated Texas, United States, is the worlds by purposes. A wind farm may be located class.[5] largest wind farm.[3] Spain, Denmark off-shore to take advantage of strong , Wind farm siting can be highly and Germany are Europes main winds blowing over the surface wind controversial, particularly when of an energy producers; although, the largest sites ocean or lake. are picturesque or environmentally wind farm in Europe is the Vlorë The worlds first wind farm Wind sensitive. Related factors may include – Farm (500 MW) located in Albania. consisting of 20 wind turbines rated having substantial bird life, or requiring at A quantity called the Wind Power 30 kilowatts each – was installed roads to be built through pristine on Density (WPD) is used to select the shoulder of Crotched Mountain areas. The areas where wind farms in locations for wind ene are southern New Hampshir rgy built are generally non-residential, e in development. The WPD is a calculatio due December, 1980.[1][2] The Roscoe n to noise concern s and se
  141. 141. theFree Parkingplan
  142. 142. Get the price rightSOURCE: Cruising for Parking, Donald Shoup, UC Transportation Center, 2007
  143. 143. Return parking meter revenue to the neighborhoods
  144. 144. LOCAL FOODREDUCESTRAFFIC
  145. 145. theReburbiaplan
  146. 146. Dover Kohl & PartnersJohnnie Dodds Boulevard, Mt Pleasant, SC
  147. 147. DON’T WAIT FOR THEDEVELOPER
  148. 148. create your ownDEVELOPMENT BOUNDARY
  149. 149. site selectiondevelopment densitybrownfield redevelopmentpublic transit access
  150. 150. theplanBring Sexy Back SOURCE: spread your love hamed kohan
  151. 151. make bikes sexySOURCE copenhagencyclechic.com
  152. 152. make bikes sexySOURCE copenhagencyclechic.com
  153. 153. make bikes sexySOURCE copenhagencyclechic.com
  154. 154. theBill-boredplan
  155. 155. 1,000,000 Billboards 2.4 Billion square feet20’ x 60’ x 2 sides = 2400 square feet 36,000,000 kW3,000,000 homes
  156. 156. theMooPooplan
  157. 157. Cowshwitz
  158. 158. theMcConaugheyplan
  159. 159. $35,000,000 budget $80,000,000 budget $160,000,000 budget $35,000,000 budget$50,000,000 budget $50,000,000 budget $70,000,000 budget $60,000,000 budget
  160. 160. 540,000,000$ $35,000,000 budget $80,000,000 budget $160,000,000 budget $35,000,000 budget $50,000,000 budget $50,000,000 budget $70,000,000 budget $60,000,000 budget
  161. 161. HARDWARE DRY GROCERY STORE CLEANER STORE POST THE OFFICE MALL
  162. 162. THIRDPLACE
  163. 163. interesting personmuffin top
  164. 164. <12 13-17 >50 18-34 35-49 39% 32%SOURCE: QuantCast, 04/09/10 Age Group
  165. 165. SOURCE: QuantCast, 04/09/10 Men 41% Gender Women 59%
  166. 166. African Amer. Hispanic Asian White 75%SOURCE: QuantCast, 04/09/10 Race
  167. 167. High School Bachelors 47% Masters 17%SOURCE: QuantCast, 04/09/10 College Education
  168. 168. SOURCE: Bernie Hou
  169. 169. SOURCE: Starbucks, as of September 2009 16locations ,635
  170. 170. >16,000 LOCATIONS 50 COUNTRIES
  171. 171. 18,000 16,680 16,63516,000 15,01114,000 12,44012,000 10,24110,000 8,569 8,000 7,225 5,886 6,000 4,709 3,501 SOURCE: Starbucks 4,000 2,498 1,886 1,412 2,000 1,015 425 677 17 33 55 84 116 165 272 0 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 >16,000 LOCATIONS 50 COUNTRIES
  172. 172. US STARBUCKS LOCATIONS
  173. 173. STARBUCKS PER CAPITA
  174. 174. WALMARTS PER CAPITA
  175. 175. STARBUCKS PER CAPITA
  176. 176. LEED CERTIFIED BUILDINGS
  177. 177. happiness
  178. 178. COFFEECULTUR E
  179. 179. 11 timeWINNER FORTUNE MAGAZINE 100 Best Companies To Work For
  180. 180. ADDITIONAL AWARDS10 Most Admired Companies Best Ethical Score Top 50 CSR
  181. 181. spends more on HEALTH CARE than COFFEE BEANS
  182. 182. largest buyer of
  183. 183. a model company
  184. 184. ecodilemma
  185. 185. produces2,300,000,000 cups/yr
  186. 186. globally throw away58,000,000,000 cups/yr
  187. 187. 13 countriessourced from
  188. 188. SOURCE: Good Magazine
  189. 189. PUTSLOCALLY OWNEDCAFESOUT OF BUSINESS
  190. 190. mak es m e un hap py
  191. 191. SUGGESTIONS
  192. 192. a better cup 100% recycled paper Corn-based plastic coating Biodegradable Lids ? Soy inks
  193. 193. create the market toRECYCLE
  194. 194. c al lo10 %
  195. 195. growHERBS greenscreen.com
  196. 196. nagecal cafes ma loex pthodieerences l e r ff
  197. 197. LOCAL STORE WITHIN A STORE SMALLER TO REDUCE BLIGHTGROW THEIR OWN FOOD
  198. 198. ✓ disinfectant smell✓ brightly lit✓ no bathroom mirrors✓ bolted furniture
  199. 199. PEOPLE FIRST
  200. 200. Masdar CityAbu Dhabimasdar.ae
  201. 201. climate= change
  202. 202. Global Carbon Emissions 1751-2007 Fossil fuels from Colonial days through the Industrial Revolution 9,000 8,000 SOURCE: US Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, cdiac.ornl.gov 7,000 TOTAL EMISSIONS 6,000Million Metric Tons 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 0 1751 1767 1783 1799 1815 1831 1847 1863 1879 1895 1911 1927 1943 1959 1975 1991 2007
  203. 203. Belief in Global Warming 2006-2009 Despite the facts, belief in Man Made Climate Change is waning 100 91 DEMOCR 90 ATS 86 83 INDEPENDENTS 80 75 79 78 70 75Percentage who believe S REPUBLICAN 60 62 59 50 53 INCONVENIENT TRUTH 49 40 SOURCE: Pew Research Center 30 35 FILM RELEASE 20 10 0 2006 2007 2008 2009
  204. 204. Moe Curly LEGISLATIVE JUDICIAL LarryEXECUTIVE75 40stooges % % SOURCE: Zogby Poll branches
  205. 205. what AMERICANS believe...
  206. 206. EVOLUTION 39Dryopithecus Homo Habilis Homo Erectus Neanderthal Homo Sapien Slacker % believe SOURCE: Gallup Poll
  207. 207. ENVIRONMENTALISTS DID IT believe10PHOTO: Dave Martin/AP SABOTAGE %SOURCE: The Week Poll, January 7, 2005
  208. 208. believe20SOURCE: The Week Poll, January 7, 2005 %
  209. 209. NEVER THERE believeSOURCE: Gallup Poll, 1999 %11
  210. 210. believeSOURCE: Gallup Poll %21
  211. 211. believe33SOURCE: Gallup Poll %
  212. 212. EXTRA-SENSORY PERCEPTION 41 % believe SOURCE: Gallup Poll
  213. 213. REINCARNATION believe20SOURCE: Gallup Poll %
  214. 214. DEATH PANELS believeSOURCE: Kaiser Family Foundation %41
  215. 215. ALIENS believe80SOURCE: Harris Poll %
  216. 216. UFO believe32SOURCE: Harris Poll %
  217. 217. ELVIS LIVES! believe6SOURCE: Harris Poll %
  218. 218. can’t believe94SOURCE: Gallup Poll %
  219. 219. WHO CARES?SOURCE: Ricky Gervais
  220. 220. as American as... Blissful Ignorance the new national pastime
  221. 221. MORONS
  222. 222. RIGHT WRONG EITHER (& the scientists are wrong) (& the scientists are right) take control of ourENERGY SUPPLY and we must ACT NOW out of the hands ofOIL & A N I E S CATASTROPHE COAL to preventC O M P
  223. 223. “climidia”
  224. 224. BLOWOUTPREVENTER FAILURE
  225. 225. 30,000 g/day
  226. 226. CONTAINMENTDOME
  227. 227. JUNKSHOT
  228. 228. TOPKILL
  229. 229. CHEMICALDISPERSANTS
  230. 230. MILES OFBOOM
  231. 231. SURFACEBURNING
  232. 232. Ixtoc1974
  233. 233. “those who don’t knowHISTORY are destined to REPEAT IT...” -Edmund Burke
  234. 234. restorethegulf.com
  235. 235. GULFAID 10text 27138 to gulfaid.org
  236. 236. GULFAID 10 text 27138 toericcoreyfreedCONNECT: eric@organicarchitect.comDOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION OF 360 SLIDES:organicarchitect.com/downloads/spills.pdf ? QUESTIONS DROP OFF YOUR BUSINESS CARD

×