Detroit, Dallas & Despotism

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An advanced discussion of the plight of the city of Detroit, how it came to be the least sustainable city in the country and a practical plan to make it the greenest urban area in the world.  The talk then focuses on Dallas, and walks you through the development of a living building, sustainable city block.  The discussion ends with a humorous and thought-provoking look at lobbyist and how they are controlling our environmental policies.

By Eric Corey Freed, organicARCHITECT

Published in: Design, Technology, Business
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Detroit, Dallas & Despotism

  1. 1. &Detroit, Dallas Despotism
  2. 2. DALLAS
  3. 3. E R I C C O R E Y F R E E DPrincipal, organicarchitect Architect LEED Accredited Professional
  4. 4. what has becomeRalph Waldo Emerson CLEAR to you
  5. 5. PEE IN THE SHOWER(hippie) (greenwasher)
  6. 6. 1920more wind turbines in than today
  7. 7. JOBEXTINCTION
  8. 8. NOECONOMYOF SCALE
  9. 9. markkuphoto.com
  10. 10. NO LOCALCULTURE
  11. 11. streetput meters at the (scrutiny of neighbors)
  12. 12. square miles/day9
  13. 13. FORGOTTENFUNCTIONS
  14. 14. SMART
  15. 15. DUMB
  16. 16. 325,000$ Paris Hilton’s Doghouse
  17. 17. BLOWHARD
  18. 18. 5users average hours/month SOURCE: Neilsen Research You have 252,311 friend requests.
  19. 19. EARTHHOURMarch 28, 2009
  20. 20. 1,000,000,000
  21. 21. terrorist attack choking on vomitone in one in 88,000 9,700
  22. 22. terrorist attack killed by copsone in one in 88,000 11,000
  23. 23. terrorist attack global warmingone in one in 88,000 00001
  24. 24. NETBOOKBUILDINGS
  25. 25. SOURCE: Fresh & Easy Markets
  26. 26. SOURCE: Wired
  27. 27. 23 % energy reduction by 2020 energy savings$1,200,000,000,000
  28. 28. get rid of carpeting in the rooms46,141,825$ spent on vacuuming 34,829 enough to power homes
  29. 29. Flickr: apollosputnik
  30. 30. TV MOVIES ENERGY USAGE WATER USAGE LIGHTING 1690 WATTS SINKS 15 GALLONS CD JUKEBOX MEDIA 0700 WATTS SHOWER 20 GALLONS HEAT / COOL 0210 WATTS - GREYWATER TOILET 07 GALLONS VIDEO PHONE TOTAL 2600 WATTS TOTAL 28 GALLONS AVERAGE GUEST 3000 WATTS AVERAGE GUEST 200 GALLONS ROOM SERVICE Congratulations! You’ve exceeded the savings for water and energy. ECO PERFORMANCE Your air conditioner will rise 5˚ at 07:00 PM. ECO TIP: The shower timer is a friendly nudge after 5 minutes. HOTEL DASHBOARD ENERGY PRODUCTION GUEST PREFERENCES FITNESS CENTER 2360 WATTS NEWSPAPER DELIVERY IS OFF CHANGE ROOM CONTROLS STAIR SKIPPING 1230 WATTS HEATER ENERGY SAVER ON CHANGE Copyright © 2009 organicARCHITECT Inc. TOTAL 3590 WATTS SHOWER TIMER IS ON CHANGE GUEST SERVICES AVERAGE GUEST 1800 WATTS LINENS CHANGED 2X A WEEK CHANGE MESSAGES 2 Welcome, Mr. Brad Pitt TONIGHT TODAY You’ve earned 1,200 Reward Center Points for your eco performance. You have 2 new messages. A wake up call for 06:00 AM is set. 78˚ FRIDAY, 01 MAY 2015 08:56 AM SUNSET: 07:12 PM 83˚H / 27˚L
  31. 31. TV MOVIES ENERGY USAGE WATER USAGE CD JUKEBOX VIDEO PHONE ROOM SERVICE Congratulations! You’ve exceeded the savings for water and energy. ECO PERFORMANCE Your air conditioner will rise 5˚ at 07:00 PM. ECO TIP: Use the refillable metal bottle to save on plastic water bottles. HOTEL DASHBOARD ENERGY PRODUCTION GUEST PREFERENCES NEWSPAPER DELIVERY IS OFF CHANGE ROOM CONTROLS HEATER ENERGY SAVER ON CHANGE Copyright © 2009 organicARCHITECT Inc. SHOWER TIMER IS ON CHANGE GUEST SERVICES LINENS CHANGED 2X A WEEK CHANGE MESSAGES 2 Welcome, Mr. Brad Pitt TONIGHT TODAY You’ve earned 1,200 Reward Center Points for your eco performance. You have 2 new messages. A wake up call for 06:00 AM is set. 78˚ FRIDAY, 01 MAY 2015 08:57 AM SUNSET: 07:12 PM 83˚H / 27˚L
  32. 32. 20%displaying energy & water feedback improvement
  33. 33. PatchRoof Install Shading Heat Loss Mold Detection
  34. 34. ChineseDog Food
  35. 35. ChineseBaby Food
  36. 36. ChineseDrywall
  37. 37. ChineseQuality
  38. 38. Less is More. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, 1946
  39. 39. Less is Less. Frank Lloyd Wright, 1950
  40. 40. Less isa Bore. Robert Venturi, 1966
  41. 41. Green isMore. Eric Corey Freed, 2009
  42. 42. feeling ?
  43. 43. &Detroit, Dallas Despotism
  44. 44. City of Elms
  45. 45. Automotive Industry
  46. 46. 4 most important city th By 1950,Detroit was the
  47. 47. 1,850,000 population peaked around 1950
  48. 48. “The American Dream City”
  49. 49. marchandmeffre.com
  50. 50. Twelfth Street Riots July 1967
  51. 51. Bloomfield Hills Royal Oak Southfield Eastpointe Suburbs Highland Park Gross PointeGarden City Downtown Dearborn Lincoln Park Fairplay Riverview Essex“Doughnut City”
  52. 52. Suburbs Downtown“Bagel City”
  53. 53. 2,000,0001,800,0001,600,0001,400,0001,200,0001,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 SOURCE: Detroit Free Press 0 1810 1830 1850 1870 1890 1910 1930 1950 1970 1990 2010 Population of Detroit: 912,062 today
  54. 54. 700,000 by 2035, population will drop toSOURCE: Southeast Michigan Council of Governments
  55. 55. “The city was built for 2 million people.We have to think of new uses forthose properties left behindto eliminate the blight.”Doug DiggsDirector, City Planning
  56. 56. “We shall solve thecity problemsby leaving the city.”- Henry Ford
  57. 57. best selling car in the U.S. 457,000
  58. 58. The Ruins of Detroit
  59. 59. highest in the U.S. 29 % unemployment
  60. 60. 5,737$ median home price marchandmeffre.com
  61. 61. 100,000 90,000 80,000 70,000 60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 SOURCE: Detroit Board of Realtors 10,000 0 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Average Home Price in Detroit: $ 5,737 today
  62. 62. 100you could purchase over homes in Detroit for the price of: in LA.
  63. 63. sweet-juniper.com
  64. 64. Detroit is often the murder capital of America
  65. 65. 50 % illiteracy ratemarchandmeffre.com
  66. 66. 22of high school freshmen, only % graduate
  67. 67. Detroit BostonSan Francisco Manhattan SOURCE: University of Detroit Mercy Area of Detroit: 139 square miles SFO+BOS+NYC: 118 square miles
  68. 68. 103,000 vacant lots alexmaclean.com
  69. 69. 30vacant land % alexmaclean.com
  70. 70. Detroit San Francisco (vacant) SOURCE: University of Detroit Mercy Vacant Land: 40 square miles San Francisco: 49 square miles Detroit: 912,062 population San Francisco: 808,976
  71. 71. aia.org
  72. 72. jamesgriffioen.net
  73. 73. Detroit City Council courting Big Box Stores
  74. 74. 51,000,000,000$ bailout funds
  75. 75. While Detroit Slept Thomas Friedman - December 09, 2008“...our bailout of Detroit will be remembered as the equivalent of pouring billions into improving typewriters on the eve of the Internet...”
  76. 76. “The plan is not focused on building a first-class citywith a smaller population but on rebuilding the city to its former size.” John Mogk, Professor Wayne State University Law School
  77. 77. 50square miles needed for current population
  78. 78. 89square miles remaining alexmaclean.com
  79. 79. 80Detroit is a food desert for % residents
  80. 80. No produce grocery stores remaining
  81. 81. Reinvent Detroit from “The Motor City” to Urban Farm marchandmeffre.com
  82. 82. detroitagriculture.org
  83. 83. 2008
  84. 84. 2008
  85. 85. hantzfarmsdetroit.com
  86. 86. urban farming creates 5 $of job growth for every $ 1spent on food lovefoodhatewaste.com
  87. 87. 15 % locally grown food alexmaclean.com
  88. 88. marchandmeffre.com
  89. 89. $ 1,900 powerhouseproject.com
  90. 90. “Rust Belt Chic”
  91. 91. “We hope for better things;it shall arise from the ashes.”Detroit City Motto, Coined in 1827
  92. 92. detroitunrealestateagency.blogspot.com
  93. 93. detroitagriculture.org
  94. 94. urbanfarming.org
  95. 95. georgiastreetgarden.blogspot.com
  96. 96. greenforall.org
  97. 97. volunteer Detroitarisedetroit.org habitatdetroit.org
  98. 98. 1856
  99. 99. OIL
  100. 100. TECHNOLOGY
  101. 101. Novembe r 22, 1963
  102. 102. Frisco Allen Plano Wylie Carollton Richardson Suburbs Garland North Richland Hills IrvingFort Worth Grand Downtown Mesquite Arlington Prairie Batch Springs Duncanville Hutchins Mansfield Combine Cedar Hill Red Oak “Doughnut City”
  103. 103. 2,000,0001,800,0001,600,0001,400,0001,200,0001,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 SOURCE: US Census 0 1810 1830 1850 1870 1890 1910 1930 1950 1970 1990 2010 Dallas Population of Dallas: 1,279,910 today Detroit
  104. 104. 1,500,000 by 2035, population will jump toSOURCE: North Central Texas Council of Governments
  105. 105. 8below national rate % unemployment
  106. 106. ...help cities build innovative and well-designed blocks that serve as a catalyst for transforming the area into vibrant, livable & thriving neighborhood. !OUR MISSION
  107. 107. in urban areas %
  108. 108. 70 % by 2050
  109. 109. THE END OFSUBURBIA
  110. 110. Hon. Tom Leppert Mayor of Dallas
  111. 111. DOWNTOWN L HAL CITY TION VEN RCON ENTE C EEWAY KEN FR SUN NEIGHBORHOOD
  112. 112. The Urban Re:Vision Framework™,a living document, goes beyondLEED™ Platinum and theLiving Building Challenge™,by including in the designrequirements elements such as: social justice job creation sustainable economies lifecycle building ecosystem renewal energy, transportation technology community
  113. 113. Rocky Mountain Institute Mithun Biomimicry Institute Gensler Urban Age Institute ARUP Natural Logic SMWM EcoCity Builders EDAW Sunset Magazine KEMA Clinton Global Initiative KMD Architects US General Services Admin SF Public Utilities Commission McDonough & Partners Architecture for Humanity David Baker + Partners University of California Berkeley Green Planning City College of San Francisco Organic Architect Academy of Art UniversityPARTICIPANTS
  114. 114. WHAT DEFINESCOMMUNITY?
  115. 115. TOP 10 “How Might We?” Questions ! Create a place that you would move to? ! Increase the linkages to amenities to catalyze synergies? ! Introduce more natural systems into the surrounding area and create habitat continuity to engage biodiversity? ! Leverage surroundings to generate energy and/or process waste streams? ! Create a viable pedestrian network? ! Encourage and incentivize people and companies to move to or near the site? ! Increase opportunity for partnerships between the public and private sectors? ! Mitigate the health consequences of living in close proximity to a freeway? ! Design an appropriate system for water use and reuse to create a healthy watershed? ! Reduce reliance on automobiles to, from and near the site and increase part-time use?
  116. 116. DALLASWORKSHOP
  117. 117. buildingcommunity WORKSHOP Central DallasCommunity Development Corporation
  118. 118. What We Don’t Want:Something we’ve seen before. 30 $ Must be buildable DETAILS million 200 units/acre Beyond LEED Platinum 60 No limit to floor area Locally owned, non-chain retail million 500 units Educational Program Wellness Center Minimal parking 2.5 Carbon neutral acres <1 car/unit Maximize open space Indigenous, zero irrigationGrow your own food.Generate your own power.Collect, clean and reuse your water.
  119. 119. CAr a ch m ite e ct ro ur e n fo S rH i um nc an la ity ir SeBA SiC rg Judging: May 2009 In o i iti P at a ive ll er on i NAr at ch ha ite ct ur nie e fo l C rH um or an u ity m AAr id up an H ug he s PlC in en t er y F fo i r M sk ax im um Bu ilt Po Er t enor tia ga ic l ni ca Co rc r hi e te y ct F re e d
  120. 120. THREEwinners
  121. 121. Entangled Bank Little Charlotte, North Carolina
  122. 122. 1: Entangled Bank
  123. 123. 1: Entangled Bank
  124. 124. 1: Entangled Bank
  125. 125. 1: Entangled Bank
  126. 126. 1: Entangled Bank
  127. 127. Forwarding Dallas Atelier Data & MOOV Lisbon, Portugal
  128. 128. 2: Forwarding Dallas
  129. 129. 2: Forwarding Dallas
  130. 130. Greenways Xero Energy David Baker and Partners Architects Fletcher Studio San Francisco, California
  131. 131. 3: Greenways Xero
  132. 132. 3: Greenways Xero
  133. 133. HONORABLEmentions
  134. 134. The Urban Re:Vision Process™ Site THE Urban Re:Vision City PartnershipsSelection Framework™ Workshop Urban Re:Vision Dallas International Design Competition JurySelection 3 Winners 10 Honorable Mentions Final Selection Urban Re:Vision Dallas Groundbreaking & Construction
  135. 135. The Urban Re:Vision Process™ Site THE Urban Re:Vision City PartnershipsSelection Framework™ Workshop Urban Re:Vision Dallas International Design Competition JurySelection 3 Winners 10 Honorable Mentions Final Selection Urban Re:Vision Dallas Groundbreaking & Construction
  136. 136. mayor greendistrict
  137. 137. TWO DAYWORKSHOP
  138. 138. BRAINSTORMING
  139. 139. VISUALIZINGIDEAS
  140. 140. REFININGIDEAS
  141. 141. PRESENTATION TODEPARTMENTHEADS
  142. 142. despotismnounthe exercise of absolute power, especiallyin a cruel and oppressive way.: the Kings arbitrary despotism.ORIGIN mid 16th cent.: from French despotisme, via medieval Latin from Greek despot s ‘master, absolute ruler.’Originally (after the Turkish conquest of Constantinople) the term denoted a petty Christian ruler under the Turkish empire.
  143. 143. DESPOTISM
  144. 144. Dubai
  145. 145. 3,000 abandoned cars in Dubai
  146. 146. Integrity Communication Respect Excellence
  147. 147. $180,000,000,000 $45,000,000,000 $20,000,000,000
  148. 148. TOO BIGTO FAIL
  149. 149. 4,000Millions of Dollars 3,500 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 SOURCE: OpenSecrets.org 0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Lobbyist Spending: $ 3,300,000,000 in 2008
  150. 150. spent on Lobbying Congress 29,000,000 got back in direct federal subsidies113,000,000,000 SOURCE: Bloomberg
  151. 151. 1st six months of 2009 $ Clean Tech Lobbying 12,100,000 5x increase 2005 ExxonMobil Lobbying 14,900,000 23% more $ SOURCE: Center for Responsive Politics; OpenSecrets.org times more Oil & Coal Lobbying82,200,000$
  152. 152. of Congress for every member climate lobbyists4SOURCE: Center for Responsive Politics
  153. 153. COAL DEPOSITSSOURCE: US Department of Energy
  154. 154. COAL SENATORSSOURCE: Senate Vote Results
  155. 155. COAL COLLUSIONSOURCE: March 12, 2009 letter to Budget Chairman Kent Conrad
  156. 156. COST OF ELECTRICITY
  157. 157. CLEAN COALIS A MYTH
  158. 158. 100 Ranking Member: Senate Committee on the % Environment in favor of oil Received over $662,508 from oil companies since 2000 SOURCE: SourceWatch“Global warming is the worst hoax ever perpetrated on humanity...” 202-224-4721
  159. 159. Americans suffer from “Anti Science Syndrome” A.S.S. Dr. Joseph RommSenior Fellow, Center for American Progress climateprogress.org
  160. 160. SCIENCE IS NOTDEBATABLE
  161. 161. “The ‘supposed warming’ is “Peer reviewed part of the cooling process. evidence shows the Greenland, which is now sun has been driving covered in ice, was oncetemperature change.” called Greenland for a May 15, 2007 reason, right?” March 6, 2009 Mitch McConnell (KY) Michael Steele Senate Minority Leader, Subcommittee on Energy and Water Republican National Committee Chairman “A carbon tax willincrease taxes on all “Only God decidesAmericans who turn when the Earth on a light switch.” will end.” New York Times, February 28, 2009 March 25, 2009 John Boehner (OH) John Shimkus (IL) House Minority Leader House Cmte on Energy and Commerce - Ranking Member
  162. 162. Governor Mark Sanford (SC) Governor Jim McGreevy (NJ) Latin Lover Accidentally Gay Senator John Edwards (SC) New Father Rep. Mark Foley (FL) Senator Larry Craig (ID) Intern Lover Bathroom Stall Cassanova
  163. 163. 129 million votes580 million votes
  164. 164. (The Govanator)
  165. 165. creativecitizen.com
  166. 166. Michael Jackson 1958-2009
  167. 167. michael jackson ISAMERICA
  168. 168. delusional fragile childish in debt on drugs indulgent bad diet obsessedover the hill
  169. 169. DELUSIONAL
  170. 170. FRAGILE
  171. 171. CHILDISH
  172. 172. IN DEBT
  173. 173. ON DRUGS
  174. 174. OVERINDULGENT
  175. 175. BAD DIET
  176. 176. OBSESSED
  177. 177. OVERTHE HILL
  178. 178. No Apology: The Case For American GreatnessGov. Mitt Romney
  179. 179. #U.S.A.1
  180. 180. LIFE EXPECTANCY 38 37. Cuba # 39. Portugal SOURCE: Wikipedia
  181. 181. INFANT MORTALITY 46 # 45. Guam 47. Faroe Islands SOURCE: Wikipedia
  182. 182. HEALTH CARE31. Finland32. Australia33. Chile34. Denmark35. Dominica36. Costa Rica 37 # SOURCE: World Health Organization38. Slovenia
  183. 183. NUMBER OF DOCTORS 52 # per capita 51. Cyprus 53. Slovenia SOURCE: NationMaster.com
  184. 184. SOLAR POWER per capita 1. 2. Lux 3. La em 4. Jap os bou 5. Co an rg Ne sta 6 7. the Ri Ko rla ca re nd a, s So uth # SOURCE: NationMaster.com
  185. 185. GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT 8 # 7. Ireland 9. Iceland SOURCE: InfoPlease.com
  186. 186. EMPLOYMENT10# 9. Canada SOURCE: Wikipedia 11. Australia
  187. 187. MINIMUM WAGE 13 # 12. Switzerland SOURCE: Wikipedia 14. Austria
  188. 188. EDUCATION SPENDING % of GDP 37 # 37. Estonia SOURCE: NationMaster.com 38. Austria
  189. 189. MATHEMATICAL LITERACY 18 # 17. Czech Republic SOURCE: NationMaster.com 19. Germany
  190. 190. BEER CONSUMPTION13# 12. Spain SOURCE: Wikipedia 14. Croatia
  191. 191. # handgun deathsSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  192. 192. # total crimeSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  193. 193. # prisonersSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  194. 194. # executionsSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  195. 195. # rapeSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  196. 196. # teen pregnancySOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  197. 197. # healthcare expenseSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  198. 198. # personal spendingSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  199. 199. # population below 50%SOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  200. 200. #plastic surgery1
  201. 201. # motor vehicle deathSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  202. 202. # external debtSOURCE: Wikipedia1
  203. 203. # military spendingSOURCE: NationMaster.com1
  204. 204. # garbage productionSOURCE: InfoPlease.com1
  205. 205. # total energy useSOURCE: CIA World Factbook; DOE1
  206. 206. # energy consumptionSOURCE: CIA World Factbook; DOE1
  207. 207. # oil consumptionSOURCE: CIA World Factbook; DOE1
  208. 208. # oil importsSOURCE: CIA World Factbook; DOE1
  209. 209. #carbon emissions1
  210. 210. # obesitySOURCE: New York Times, National Geographic1
  211. 211. 34% 32.7% obese overweight SOURCE: New York Times, MSNBC (skinny nerds)
  212. 212. 72,000,000 obese americansSOURCE: New York Times
  213. 213. obesity is associated with over 300,000 deaths/yr SOURCE: US Department of Health & Human Services117,000,000$ healthcare costs
  214. 214. SOURCE: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health by86of americans obese % 2030
  215. 215. 6every hourin a careach day % increase in likelihood of obesity SOURCE: Georgia Tech Study, 2009
  216. 216. 35 %walkable decrease inneighborhoods risk of obesity walkscore.com
  217. 217. “lipodiesel”
  218. 218. average cost of liposuction 5,000 total cost for surgerynumber of obese americans 360,000,000,000 72,000,000 potential gallons of fat fuel BTUs per gallonaverage pounds per person 514,000,000 x 125,000 50 total BTUs produced 64,250,000,000,000 0.005 cost per BTU
  219. 219. 3,210,350metric tons of co2 saved 791,256 homes/year
  220. 220. 1.21 gigawatts per person
  221. 221. YOUR HOMEWORK 5 what’s next: action steps
  222. 222. 1YOUR HOMEWORK nominate a city block at: urbanrevision.com
  223. 223. 2YOUR HOMEWORK arrange a talk with your school or alma mater.
  224. 224. 3YOUR HOMEWORK follow the money to uncover the easiest savings.
  225. 225. 4YOUR HOMEWORK view social issues as design failures to be questioned.
  226. 226. SIGN UP TO BERE:VISIONARY urbanrevision.com
  227. 227. “you must be theCHANGEyou wish to see in the WORLD...” -Mahatma Gandhi
  228. 228. ORGANIZATIONSV I T A L
  229. 229. urbanrevision.com
  230. 230. architectureforhumanity.org
  231. 231. greenhomeguide.com
  232. 232. greenerbuildings.com
  233. 233. howyoueco.com
  234. 234. 2010 • San Francisco westcoastgreen.com
  235. 235. greenbuildingfordummies.com
  236. 236. organicarchitectCONNECT:DOWNLOAD THIS PRESENTATION: ? QUESTIONS DROP OFF YOUR BUSINESS CARDorganicarchitect.com/downloads/3d.pdf

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