The French Revolution


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The French Revolution

  1. 1. The French Revolution Timeline from 1789-1782
  2. 2. WAHG II NOTES <ul><li>Copy down the information you do not know (which is probably all of it . . . especially if you didn’t read Sections 1 and 2) </li></ul><ul><li>No matter what, be sure to copy the underlined words and definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Copy ALL of the last slide </li></ul>
  3. 3. May, 1789 <ul><li>King Louis XVI calls a meeting of the Estates General </li></ul><ul><li>Cause: riots and MAJOR financial problems </li></ul><ul><li>Representatives from all three estates meet </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Tennis Court Oath </li></ul><ul><li>Cause: The 3 rd Estate knows that they will be outvoted if they remain in the Estate’s General </li></ul><ul><li>The Third Estate’s representatives form the National Assembly to replace the Estates General </li></ul><ul><li>They vow to form a Constitution for France </li></ul>June, 1789
  5. 5. July 14, 1789 <ul><li>Storming of the Bastille prison </li></ul><ul><li>Cause: people of Paris are afraid Louis XVI will send troops to the city to control mobs </li></ul><ul><li>The mob overruns the Bastille in hope of finding weapons </li></ul><ul><li>The Storming becomes a symbol of the Revolution </li></ul>
  6. 6. August, 1789 <ul><li>Declaration of the Rights of Man </li></ul><ul><li>Cause: the 3 rd Estate was tired of special legal privileges for the other Estates </li></ul><ul><li>Declared all men equal before the law with equal rights </li></ul>
  7. 7. October, 1789 <ul><li>Royal Family moves to in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Cause: In spite of new rights, many Parisians are starving while the wealthy party </li></ul><ul><li>Mob of women force Louis XVI and family to Paris to see the despair </li></ul><ul><li>The royal family is confined to a palace there for three years </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1790 <ul><li>Civil Constitution is passed </li></ul><ul><li>Cause: The government was still in huge debt </li></ul><ul><li>The Catholic church’s land was taken to raise money </li></ul><ul><li>Angered France’s MANY Catholics of all social classes causing them to dislike the National Assembly </li></ul>
  9. 9. 1791 <ul><li>Constitution of 1791 </li></ul><ul><li>Cause: The Tennis Court Oath </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Monarchy (king has little power) </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Assembly (elected by tax-paying men) has all the power </li></ul><ul><li>Nobles must give up some land but are paid for it </li></ul>
  10. 10. June, 1791 <ul><li>King Louis XVI and family are caught trying to escape from Paris </li></ul><ul><li>This attempt strengthens the arguments of the people who want NO monarchy </li></ul>
  11. 11. April, 1792 <ul><li>France’s new Legislative Assembly declares war on several European countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Cause: Many monarchs across Europe disliked France’s new government and feared revolutions in their own countries. Emigres (nobles who fled France) were telling horror stories of how they were treated. </li></ul>
  12. 12. But in 1792, tension is building in France . . . <ul><li>The wars are not going well </li></ul><ul><li>The san-culottes (working-class French) were demanding a republic (totally elected government) instead of a limited monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Some people wanted an absolute monarchy back </li></ul><ul><li>Assignats (the French dollar) is losing value </li></ul><ul><li>Food shortages continue </li></ul>