Covering Trauma


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Covering Trauma

  1. 1. The Ethics and Practice of Trauma Journalism: Using New Media to Cover Tragedy Rachele Kanigel San Francisco State University
  2. 2. New Media Tools <ul><li>Twitter to report new developments </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive maps to show where things are happening </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook to build and serve communit </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive features like discussion boards to allow community to vent and discuss </li></ul><ul><li>Video to document live events, action </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile formats for people who don’t have access to computers </li></ul>
  3. 3. Twitter <ul><li>Use Twitter regularly so readers will know to look for updates when there’s a crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Post new developments in the story on Twitter -- damage reports, deaths or injuries, new information </li></ul><ul><li>Assign hashtags to major stories so people can follow updates easily </li></ul><ul><li>Have Twitter posts link back to your news Web site </li></ul>
  4. 4. Interactive maps <ul><li>Show the effects of a storm, earthquake, fire or other natural disaster on a campus or community </li></ul><ul><li>Include photographs in the map </li></ul><ul><li>Show the path of a gunman or other threat to the community </li></ul><ul><li>Use data boxes to explain what happened at each site </li></ul><ul><li>Plot emergency shelters, first-aid centers, open stores and other services for victims </li></ul>
  5. 5. Source: Los Angeles Times
  6. 6. Facebook <ul><li>Create a Facebook page for your publication </li></ul><ul><li>Create Facebook pages for major ongoing stories/issues </li></ul><ul><li>Help people connect -- students left homeless, people in a particular group hit hard by a tragedy </li></ul><ul><li>Create resource pages linking trauma victins to the services they need </li></ul>
  7. 7. Interactive features <ul><li>Give the community discussion boards or other online vehicles to share information and to vent </li></ul><ul><li>Set up memorial sites for people who have died </li></ul><ul><li>Create discussion topics on issues related to the trauma -- should gun laws be changed? did the campus deal with the traumatic event responsibly? </li></ul><ul><li>Allow people to share their experiences -- where were you when the big one hit? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Video <ul><li>Think about what video does well -- showing action, emotion, movement, process </li></ul><ul><li>Document important moments -- press conferences, protest rallies, candlelight vigils, major announcements </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mobile formats <ul><li>Create news podcasts for people who don’t have consistent access to computers and/or electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a mobile alert system </li></ul><ul><li>Think about how to link to users’ cell phones and iPods </li></ul>
  10. 10. More new media tips <ul><li>Think about the problems this trauma has created and how technology can help solve them. </li></ul><ul><li>What voids can your news organization fill? </li></ul><ul><li>What useful information can you collect and share? </li></ul><ul><li>How can you use new media to help people connect? </li></ul><ul><li>Think about packaging your coverage so readers have a one-stop shop for information. </li></ul>