Managing Recreational and Tourism Users of Marine Protected Areas: Issues, Engagements and Processes Human Dimensions in Marine Protected Areas Focus Group 2nd International Marine Conservation Congress Victoria, BC May 15 & 16, 2011 R.J. Payne Lakehead University
Managing Recreational and Tourism UsersIntroduction● Context: – Established MPA ● Note that those established longer have more acceptance from all users and, perhaps, fewer issues – Recreational and tourism use are occurring – Issues; engagements; processes
Managing Recreational and Tourism UsersIssues● Recreational angling – Anglers, while generally supporting MPAs, often resist no- take zones – Are we justified in assuming that anglers are a homogeneous group? ● Catch & release; equipment; species – Are there sub-groups within the angling group? – What variables set these sub-groups apart?
Managing Recreational and Tourism UsersIssues● Commercial tourism – A possible partnership between MPA agencies and commercial tourism operators – Who are the commercial tourism operators clients – Might data be shared for mutual benefit? – What messages might commercial tourism operators deliver for MPA agencies? – Can we measure the effectiveness of the messages and the delivery?
Managing Recreational and Tourism UsersEngagements● Protected area agencies – Do protected area agencies mount barriers to engaging with relevant user groups? – The role of agency culture: ● e.g., DFO – a regulatory agency – Can we identify through research barriers to engagement within agency cultures? – Do agency staff have barriers that inhibit their engagement? – Can we identify those barriers through research?
Managing Recreational and Tourism UsersEngagements● User “groups” – See earlier concern about activity groups under “Issues” – Are some groups/sub-groups especially difficult to engage? ● Perhaps: e.g., boaters in the Lake Superior NMCA – What might account for these difficulties? ● Distrust of government? ● Characteristics of the users themselves? – How do we determine what barriers exist and why they exist among groups?
Managing Recreational and Tourism UsersProcesses● Knowledge Management: understanding recreational and tourism users – What needs to be known about visitors? – What data collection methods are required? – What models do we need? – What needs monitoring? – How effective are existing knowledge management systems?
Managing Recreational and Tourism UsersProcesses● Socio-ecological systems: management planning – How can consideration of human dimensions and natural science be “forced” together? ● Are there successful examples? – Do agencies have the capacity do do this sort of management planning? – How useful are existing approaches to management effectiveness in relation to management planning?
Managing Recreational and Tourism UsersJudgments● Issues – Deeper analysis: are issues associated with activity groups or with sub-groups?● Engagements – Barriers: are there barriers that inhibit engagement between agencies and user groups?● Processes – Are there examples of processes that are effective in managing recreation and tourism use?