Managing Aboriginal Activities in the Cape Byron Marine Park   , NSW, Australia D. Lloyd 1 , A. Page 2  and R.J. Payne 3 1...
Managing Aboriginal Activities in the CBMP <ul><li>Background: Creating the Structure for Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
 
 
Managing Aboriginal Activities in the CBMP <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cape Byron Marine Park </li></ul></ul>...
Managing Aboriginal Activities in the CBMP <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arakwal National Park </li></ul></ul><...
Managing Aboriginal Activities in the CBMP <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aboriginal people </li></ul></ul><ul><...
Managing Aboriginal Activities in the CBMP <ul><li>Marine Park Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zoning plan </li></ul></ul...
 
Managing Aboriginal Activities in the CBMP <ul><li>Lessons learned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cape Byron MP, based on a bio-reg...
Managing Aboriginal Activities in the CBMP <ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Byron Shire Council (n.d.) Native Title an...
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Managing Aboriginal Activities in the Cape Byron Marine Park, Australia

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Presentation at the Ocean Management Research Network meetings, Ottawa, October, 2009

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Managing Aboriginal Activities in the Cape Byron Marine Park, Australia

  1. 1. Managing Aboriginal Activities in the Cape Byron Marine Park , NSW, Australia D. Lloyd 1 , A. Page 2 and R.J. Payne 3 1 School of Environmental Science and Management, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW, Australia; 2 Manager, Cape Byron Marine Park, Byron Bay, NSW Australia; and, 3 School of Outdoor Recreation, Parks & Tourism, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, ON, Canada. Ocean Management Research Network Conference University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario October 21 – 24, 2009
  2. 2. Managing Aboriginal Activities in the CBMP <ul><li>Background: Creating the Structure for Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cape Byron Marine Park </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arakwal National Park </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aboriginal people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marine Park Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zoning plan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lessons learned </li></ul>
  3. 5. Managing Aboriginal Activities in the CBMP <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cape Byron Marine Park </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Established in 2002, under the 1997 NSW Marine Parks Act </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>37 kms from north to south, tidal lands and waters on the land side, and the 3 mile limit (state waters) on the seaward side: 22,000 ha. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Based on a 2001 bio-regional assessment of marine ecosystems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zoning plan completed in 2006 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Originally managed under a joint NSW National Parks and Wildlife department/Fisheries department authority, but now (as of 2008) under National Parks and Wildlife </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Management advisory committee includes aboriginal representative </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ranger positions for aboriginal people </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 6. Managing Aboriginal Activities in the CBMP <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arakwal National Park </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Created in 2001 after 7 years of discussions with NSW government and local people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Created by an Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA) between the state and the Arakwal people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Co-managed by NSW National Parks and Wildlife and Arakwal people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Two nearby protected areas: Cape Byron itself and Tyagarah </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 7. Managing Aboriginal Activities in the CBMP <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aboriginal people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arakwal people of the Bundjalung language group </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1997 negotiated Native Title Agreement with NSW state government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiated three ILUAs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First in 2001 -> Arakwal NP </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Second in 2003 with Byron Shire Council concerning the Broken Head caravan park </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Third in 2006 with the shire council where land at Taylor Lake would become part of the NP: a sacred area for women and therefore culturally significant </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A proposed 4 th ILUA for marine park not yet completed, but an MOU was negotiated in 2007 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 8. Managing Aboriginal Activities in the CBMP <ul><li>Marine Park Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zoning plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2006 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aboriginal involvement from the beginning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inclusion of 4 “special purpose” zones: culturally significant sites </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Two lakes as well as “Julian Rocks” and “Three Sisters” (off Broken Head) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Julian Rocks: a hill before sea level rise, with burial sites </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Three Sisters: representing creatures from the Dreamtime in the Bundjalung view of creation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 10. Managing Aboriginal Activities in the CBMP <ul><li>Lessons learned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cape Byron MP, based on a bio-regional assessment of the NSW coast by NSW government -> towards a system of representative MPAs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of terrestrial protected areas -> a local system of protection that blurs land-sea distinctions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land title agreement between Arakwal people and state and local governments -> another highly significant structural dimension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ILUAs depend upon the land title agreement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zoning plan for CBMP built upon the agreement and ILUAs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Role of Byron Shire Council </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of former regional director in NSW National Parks and Wildlife who had the vision of this locally-integrated system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-> Bio-regional governance? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 11. Managing Aboriginal Activities in the CBMP <ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Byron Shire Council (n.d.) Native Title and Reconciliation [URL: http:// www.byron.nsw.gov.au /aboriginal/native-title ]. </li></ul><ul><li>NSW, Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water, 2009a. Arakwal indigenous land use agreements [URL: http:// www.environment.nsw.gov.au/comanagement/Arakwal.htm ] </li></ul><ul><li>_____________, 2009b. Aboriginal co-management of parks [URL: http:// www.environment.nsw.gov.au/comanagement/index.htm ]. </li></ul><ul><li>NSW, Marine Parks Authority, 2003. Background Resource Working Paper for the Cape Byron Marine Park . Sydney: Marine Parks Authority. </li></ul><ul><li>_____________, (n.d.). Cape Byron Marine Park [URL: http://www.mpa.nsw.gov.au/cbmp.html]. </li></ul>

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