Cineliteracy(framing)

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Cineliteracy(framing)

  1. 1. Framing The Semantics of Film-Making: Part IThe Semantics of Film-Making: Part I
  2. 2. Framing  Viewers are positioned so they respond to represented figures in visual images with varying degrees of familiarity.  The varying degrees of what is called in filmic terms the close-up, then, may be said to be the realm of personal relations. What may be described as medium shots (close social distance) represent the realm of social relations, and long shots (far social distance) represent public relations.  What is inside and outside a frame changes the meaning of a shot.What is inside and outside a frame changes the meaning of a shot.
  3. 3. Frames - I Close UpClose Up To focus attention, conveyTo focus attention, convey intimacy, or capture anintimacy, or capture an emotional reaction.emotional reaction. Very Long ShotVery Long Shot To establish the setting where theTo establish the setting where the action will take place.action will take place.
  4. 4. Frames - II Medium Close Up ShotMedium Close Up Shot Communicates gestures, broadCommunicates gestures, broad expressions, and action framedexpressions, and action framed within close limits;within close limits; to give a sense of personal proximity.to give a sense of personal proximity. Two ShotTwo Shot An image that includes twoAn image that includes two characters, and used to reveal theircharacters, and used to reveal their relationship and interaction.relationship and interaction.
  5. 5. Frames - III Mid Range ShotMid Range Shot Use to communicate action andUse to communicate action and interaction of characters andinteraction of characters and show only a little background.show only a little background. Over the Shoulder ShotOver the Shoulder Shot Use to draw the audience intoUse to draw the audience into the action, as if they are presentthe action, as if they are present and looking over someoneand looking over someone’s shoulder.’s shoulder.
  6. 6. Frames - III Mid Range ShotMid Range Shot Use to communicate action andUse to communicate action and interaction of characters andinteraction of characters and show only a little background.show only a little background. Over the Shoulder ShotOver the Shoulder Shot Use to draw the audience intoUse to draw the audience into the action, as if they are presentthe action, as if they are present and looking over someoneand looking over someone’s shoulder.’s shoulder.

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