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Photographers and photography: theories and approaches

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  • (August 22, 1908 – August 3, 2004) French photographer considered to be the father of modern photojournalism, an early adopter of 35 mm format, and the master of candid photography. He helped develop the "street photography" style that has influenced generations of photographers that followed.
  • L’amour tout court
  • Brought a photographers eye
  • In 1946, Avedon had set up his own studio and began providing images for magazines including Vogue and Life. Avedon was drawn to working people such as miners and oil field workers in their soiled work clothes, unemployed drifters, and teenagers growing up in the West circa 1979-84. When first published and exhibited , In the American West was criticized for showing what some considered to be a disparaging view of America. Avedon was also lauded for treating his subjects with the attention and dignity usually reserved for the politically powerful and celebrities.
  • Photographers

    1. 1. COM 310 Visual Communication 3/18
    2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Photographers: Theories and approaches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roland Barthes’ “punctum” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Henri Cartier-Bresson’s “decisive moment” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robert Frank – The Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robert Avedon – In The American West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cindy Sherman – Conceptual portraits </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Roland Barthes Camera Lucida (1980) <ul><li>punctum – a wounding, personally touching detail </li></ul>
    4. 4. Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908 – 2004) <ul><li>“Of all the means of expression, photography is the only one that fixes forever the precise and transitory instant.” </li></ul>
    5. 5. Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908 – 2004) <ul><li>“We photographers deal in things that are continually vanishing, and when they have vanished, there is no contrivance on earth that can make them come back again . . . For photographers, what has gone is gone forever.” </li></ul>
    6. 6. Decisive Moment (1952) <ul><li>theory of the instant, when form and content are one. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Decisive Moment (1952)
    8. 8. Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908 – 2004) <ul><li>“ Behind the Gare St. Lazare,” 1932. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Henri Cartier-Bresson (cont.) “ Hyeres,” 1932.
    10. 10. Henri Cartier-Bresson (cont.) Matisse
    11. 11. Henri Cartier-Bresson (cont.)
    12. 12. Robert Frank (b. 1924) <ul><li>Zurich Switzerland </li></ul><ul><li>Emigrated to U.S. in 1947 </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Walker Evans </li></ul><ul><li>The Americans in 1958 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>28,000 shots, 83 selected for book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>document tensions in the realities of the American experience with commentary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low lighting, unusual compositions and selection of images </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Richard Avedon (1923 - 2004) <ul><li>Fashion Photographer, Portrait Photographer </li></ul><ul><li>In the American West , 1985 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>six-year project started in 1979 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>produced 125 large format portraits of people in the American west </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disparaging or dignified? Many disagree… </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Cindy Sherman (b. 1954) <ul><li>Conceptual Portraits </li></ul><ul><li>Postmodern </li></ul><ul><li>Identity and performance </li></ul><ul><li>Surface reality </li></ul>“ Untitled # 132,” 1984
    15. 15. Cindy Sherman <ul><li>“ Untitled Film Still #14,” 1978. </li></ul>