• WHY DO WE EXPLORESPACE?• HISTORY OF SPACE SHIPSAND SHUTTLES• TODAY AND FUTURE
Why Do We Explore Space?• Because it’s there• Quest for knowledge• Learn about what is around us – dangers,benefits, natural resources - Reap benefits of what’s around - Reap benefits of preparing for / undertaking exploration itself – technology and techniques - Survival• Quest for understanding - learn aboutourselves and our place in the universe
JULES VERNE• French author whopioneered the science fictiongenre • He wrote about space, air, and underwater travels 1828 - 1905 before air travel and practical submarines were invented
KONSTANTIN TSIOLKOVSKY• Imperial Russian and Soviet rocket scientist and pioneerof the astronautic theory• Known for his rocket equation• His works later inspired leadingSoviet rocket engineers such as 1857 -1935Sergey Korolyov and Valentin Glushko andcontributed to the success of the Soviet spaceprogram.
WERNER VON BRAUN • German-American rocket scientist, aerospace engineer, space architect • During World War II, led the V-2 project • Led the U.S. Army team that1912 - 1977 launched Explorer-I, first U.S. satellite • Built the Saturn V booster that carried Apollo to the Moon
SERGEY KOROLEV• Soviet rocket engineer and designer• Father of the Russian spaceprogram• In the early 1930s he metTsiolkovsky and devoted himselfto spaceflight 1907 – 1966
KERIM KERIMOV• Azerbaijani-Soviet/Russianaerospace engineer, rocketscientist• One of the founders of theSoviet space industry, and formany years a central figure in 1917 - 2003the Soviet space program
THE SPACE RACEThe first Americanprogram was calledMercuryThe first Soviet programwas called Vostok (“East”).
SPUTNIK IThe worlds first artificial satellite, launched on October 4, 1957
EXPLORER I February 1, 1958The first artificial satellite of USA
NASAOn July 29, 1958 The National Aeronauticsand Space Administration (NASA) wasestablished in USA
ANIMALS WENT FIRST The Soviet Union launched a dog named Laika. The dog died in space 10 days later.Americans usedchimpanzees &monkeys: Enos, Ham, &Sam
FIRST MAN IN SPACE Yuri GararinYuri Gararin was the first human tojourney into outer space, when hisVostok spacecraft completed anorbit of the Earth on 12 April 1961. 1934-1968
FIRST AMERICAN MAN IN SPACE Alan ShepardAlan Shepard NASA astronautwho in 1961 became thesecond person, and the firstAmerican, to travel into spacewith spacecraft Freedom 7 1923-1998
FIRST WOMAN IN SPACE Valentina TereshkovaValentina Tereshkova is a retiredSoviet cosmonaut and the firstwoman to have flown in space inspacecraft Vostok 6 1937
GOAL OF USAOn May 25, 1961 John Kennedy announced the goal oflanding a man on the Moon in the speech to a JointSession of Congress
APOLLO MISSIONSThe Apollo missions were a seriesof space missions flown by NASAbetween 1961 and 1975. Theyculminated with a series ofmanned Moon landings between1969 and 1972.Apollo 11 was the spaceflight thatlanded the first humans, AmericansNeil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, onthe Moon on July 20, 1969.Since Apollo missions NASA has launched 135 Spaceshuttles and space shuttle programs.
HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPEThe Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a spacetelescope that was carried into orbit by aSpace Shuttle in 1990 and remains inoperation.
EXPLORATION GOALS FOR TODAY• Study Earth from Space toadvance scientific understandingand meet societal needs• Improve prediction ofclimate, weather, and naturalhazards• Discover the origin, structure, evolution, and destiny ofour universe and search for Earth-like planets• What happened during the Big Bang? How were stars andgalaxies created? What happens at the edge of a blackhole?