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  2. 2. TOPIC 1. POLLUTION MUST BE CONTROLLED: Effects Of Pollution 2. HOW CAN WE HELP IN CONTROLLING: Steps To Controll Pollution
  3. 3. POLLUTION MUST BE CONTROLLED There is no doubt that excessive levels of pollution are causing a lot of damage to human & animal health, plants & trees including tropical rainforests , as well as the wider environment. All types of pollution – air, water and soil pollution – have an impact on the living environment. The effects in living organisms may range from mild discomfort to serious diseases such as cancer to physical deformities; ex., extra or missing limbs in frogs. Experts admit that pollution effects are quite often underestimated and that more research is needed to understand the connections between pollution and its effects on all life forms We know that pollution causes not only physical disabilities but also psychological and behavioral disorders in people. We are discussing the effects of air pollution and specific air pollutants in more detail in the Air Pollutants article.
  4. 4. EFFECTS OF POLLUTION The following pollution effects on humans have been reported: 1. AIR POLLUTION EFFECTS 2. WATER POLLUTION EFFECTS 3. SOIL POLLUTION EFFECTS
  5. 5. AIR POLLUTION EFFECTS: <ul><li>Reduced lung functioning </li></ul><ul><li>Irritation of eyes, nose, mouth and throat </li></ul><ul><li>Asthma attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory symptoms such as coughing and wheezing </li></ul><ul><li>Increased respiratory disease such as bronchitis </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced energy levels </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches and dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>Disruption of endocrine, reproductive and immune systems </li></ul><ul><li>Neurobehavioral disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiovascular problems </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Premature death </li></ul>
  6. 6. WATER POLLUTION EFFECTS <ul><li>Waterborne diseases caused by polluted drinking water: </li></ul><ul><li>Typhoid </li></ul><ul><li>Amoebiasis </li></ul><ul><li>Giardiasis </li></ul><ul><li>Ascariasis </li></ul><ul><li>Hookworm </li></ul><ul><li>Waterborne diseases caused by polluted beach water: </li></ul><ul><li>Rashes, ear ache, pink eye </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory infections </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis, encephalitis, gastroenteritis, diarrhoea, vomiting, and stomach aches </li></ul>
  7. 7. SOIL POLLUTION EFFECTS <ul><li>Lead in soil is especially hazardous for young children causing developmental damage to the brain </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury can increase the risk of kidney damage; cyclodienes can lead to liver toxicity </li></ul><ul><li>Causes neuromuscular blockage as well as depression of the central nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>Also causes headaches, nausea, fatigue, eye irritation and skin rash </li></ul>
  8. 8. STEPS FOR CONTROLLING POLLUTION: <ul><li>Use Environmentally Safe Products </li></ul><ul><li>Many pesticides have safe, chemically-free organic alternatives. By using non-toxic methods, you reduce the amount of dangerous chemicals that flows off of lawns and into storm drains. </li></ul><ul><li>Lawn and garden products may contain harmful chemicals if disposed of improperly. To safely dispose of leftover chemicals, herbicides and pesticides, please visit a Los Angeles S.A.F.E. collection center . </li></ul>
  9. 9. 2. Recycle Your Used Motor Oil and Filters Used motor oil is extremely toxic to the environment if disposed improperly and there are literally hundreds of collection centers located throughout the city. For a current listing of one nearest you, 3. Compost Yard Trimmings Dispose of yard clippings and waste in a compost bin or in your City issued green container
  10. 10. 4. Report Illegal Dumping Illegal dumping of trash, paint products, motor oil and other chemicals into storm drains is against the law 5. Pick up After Your Pets Animal waste that runs off of lawns and sidewalks sends harmful bacteria into the storm drain system and out into the ocean, creating problems for swimmers and fish.
  11. 11. 6. Dispose of Trash Properly Separate items into plastics, glass and paper products, and discard only what is non-recyclable. 7. Use Water Based Paints Oil based paints are extremely toxic and much more problematic in disposing of than water based paint. Oil based paints are also not allowed to be disposed of in the City's sewer system and dumping it into storm drains is ILLEGAL. Water based paints cover the same area just as well as oil based, and it is strongly encouraged that you buy the water based brand .
  12. 12. 8. Recycle Everything You Can Landfill space (where all our trash goes) is rapidly filling up and we can greatly reduce the need for having to find precious, open land for additional capacity. Open land can be better suited for parks or natural habitat for wildlife and much of what we throw away can easily be recycled! FACT: It is estimated that, of the 40 tons of trash that washes onto our beaches every year, over 80% of it could've been recycled! 9. Don't Litter! Simple enough? Everything dropped, tossed, spilled or discarded onto streets and gutters will eventually make its way into the storm drain system--and out to the ocean! FACT: Every year, at least 800,000 cigarette butts are picked up from our beaches by Coastal Cleanup Volunteers.