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Brain Attack

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Stroke is a medical emergency!

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Brain Attack

  1. 1. Brain Attack Stroke is a Medical Emergency
  2. 2. Stroke is a medical emergency! <ul><li>Every 45 seconds someone in the US experiences a stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Each year more than 795,000 people experience a stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke is the 3 rd leading cause of death and the leading cause of adult disability </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke is treatable within 3 hours of symptom onset </li></ul><ul><li>EMS transport shortens time to hospital care </li></ul><ul><li>EMS is the first medical contact for over 50% of stroke patients </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>STROKE IS TREATABLE </li></ul><ul><li>Early recognition of stroke signs and symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Timely access to 9-1-1 </li></ul><ul><li>Deployment of informed EMS personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery to a primary stroke center </li></ul>Time Lost is Brain Lost
  4. 4. What is a stroke? <ul><li>People experience stroke when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted or severely limited, cutting off oxygen and nutrients from brain tissue. Brain cells start dying minutes after a stroke. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two types of strokes: </li></ul><ul><li>Ischemic stroke , caused when blood clots cause the brain to get too little blood </li></ul><ul><li>Hemorrhagic stroke , when there is too much blood within the skull. Caused by hypertension (uncontrolled high blood pressure), aneurysms or head injuries </li></ul>
  5. 5. What are the warning signs of stroke? Think F.A.S.T. <ul><li>Sudden weakness or numbness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden, severe headaches with no known cause </li></ul>
  6. 6. F ace
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  10. 10. Upon arrival at Primary Stroke Center <ul><li>You can expect an expert team of physicians, nurses and other health care providers to further evaluate your symptoms allowing for a quick diagnosis and early treatment </li></ul>
  11. 11. Upon arrival at the Primary Stroke Center <ul><li>You can expect to have a CT Scan of your brain to help diagnose a stroke. </li></ul><ul><li>- Ischemic </li></ul><ul><li>- Hemorrhagic </li></ul><ul><li>- TIA </li></ul>
  12. 12. Last Known Well <ul><li>Knowing when the person having a stroke was last known to be well is important for the physicians and nurses in determining treatment </li></ul><ul><li>There is a 3 hour window of time from when the patient was last known well to the time we can administer the clot buster drug, t-PA </li></ul>
  13. 13. Post Stroke Therapy <ul><li>Riverside has a Rehabilitation Team to help in your journey of recovery. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Therapists </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational Therapists </li></ul><ul><li>Speech Therapists </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation Unit </li></ul><ul><li>Monthly Support Group </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Are you at risk for stroke? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Things you can change… Lifestyle Modifications Alcohol Smoking Weight / Inactivity Take medications as directed
  16. 16. Things you can’t change… <ul><li>Age – The chances of having a stroke increase with age. Two-thirds of all strokes happen to people over age 65. </li></ul><ul><li>Gender – Males have a slightly higher stroke risk than females </li></ul><ul><li>Race – African Americans have a higher stroke risk than other racial groups </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes – People with diabetes have a higher stroke risk. This may be due to circulation problems that diabetes can cause </li></ul><ul><li>Family history – If you have a family member who has had a stroke, TIA, diabetes or sickle cell anemia, you have a higher stroke risk </li></ul><ul><li>Personal history of stroke – TIAs are strong predictors of stroke. If you have had a stroke or TIA, you have a chance of a stroke in next five years. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Know your numbers Risk Factor High Risk Caution Low Risk Blood Pressure Greater than 140/90 Or I don’t know 120-139/80/89 Less than 120/80 Cholesterol Greater than 240 or I don’t know 200-239 Less than 200 Diabetes Yes Borderline No Smoking I still smoke I’m starting to quit I am a non-smoker Atrial Fibrillation I have an irregular heartbeat I don’t know My heartbeat is not irregular Diet I am overweight I am slightly overweight My weight is healthy Exercise I am a couch potato I exercise sometimes I exercise regularly I have stroke in my family Yes Not sure No
  18. 18. Things to remember <ul><li>Stroke is treatable </li></ul><ul><li>Face – Arm – Speech – Time (F.A.S.T.) </li></ul><ul><li>9-1-1 </li></ul><ul><li>Know your numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Time is Brain </li></ul>

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