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Bonding

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Bonding

  1. 1. ChemicalBonding
  2. 2. Chemical bonding is… when two or more elements combine together to form a new substance a connection between atoms
  3. 3. Two Types1. Ionic Bonding2. Covalent Bonding Other examples could be hydrogen or metallic bonding.
  4. 4. Ionic Bonds  Does NOT share!  Transfer electrons  Cation: Donates electron  Anion: Receives electron  Groups 1,2,3 with 15,16, and 17
  5. 5. Covalent Bonds Shareelectrons Non-metal + Non-metal Bonding with groups 14, 15, 16, and 17
  6. 6. Covalent Bonding vs. Ionic Bonding
  7. 7. NamingIonic Bonds ________ + ______-ide 1st element + 2nd element-ide Ex: Ca+S=Calcium SulfideCovalent Bonds prefix-______+ prefix-_____-ide Prefix-1st element + prefix-2nd element Ex: P4S5= Tetraphosphorus Pentasulfide Numerical prefixes for covalent bonding:
  8. 8. Ionic Bonding ExamplesFirst Element: Second Combine to Name of Element: Make: Compound - Na+ Cl 2- K+ S 2+ 2- Mg O
  9. 9. Ionic Bonding ExamplesFirst Element: Second Combine to Name of Element: Make: Compound - Na+ Cl NaCl 2- K+ S 2+ 2- Mg O
  10. 10. Ionic Bonding ExamplesFirst Element: Second Combine to Name of Element: Make: Compound - Na+ Cl NaCl 2- K+ S K2S 2+ 2- Mg O
  11. 11. Ionic Bonding ExamplesFirst Element: Second Combine to Name of Element: Make: Compound - Na+ Cl NaCl + 2- K S K2S 2+ 2- Mg O MgO
  12. 12. Ionic Bonding ExamplesFirst Element: Second Combine to Name of Element: Make: Compound - Na+ Cl NaCl Sodium Chloride + 2- K S K2S Potassium Sulfide 2+ 2- Mg O MgO Magnesium Oxide
  13. 13. Covalent Bonding ExamplesFirst Element: Second Combine to Name of Element: Make: Compound: C4+ O2- C4+ H+ H+ O2-
  14. 14. Covalent Bonding ExamplesFirst Element: Second Combine to Name of Element: Make: Compound: C4+ O2- CO2 C4+ H+ H+ O2-
  15. 15. Covalent Bonding ExamplesFirst Element: Second Combine to Name of Element: Make: Compound: C4+ O2- CO2 C4+ H+ CH4 H+ O2-
  16. 16. Covalent Bonding ExamplesFirst Element: Second Combine to Name of Element: Make: Compound: C4+ O2- CO2 C4+ H+ CH4 H+ O2- H2O
  17. 17. Covalent Bonding ExamplesFirst Element: Second Combine to Name of Element: Make: Compound: C4+ O2- CO2 Carbon Dioxide C4+ H+ CH4 Carbon Tetrahydrogen (Methane) H+ O2- H2O Dihydrogen Monoxide
  18. 18. Can You Tell the Difference? Chemical Ionic or Name of Formula: Covalent? Compound: SO2 CaCl2 K2O N2O5
  19. 19. Can You Tell the Difference? Chemical Ionic or Name of Formula: Covalent? Compound: SO2 Covalent CaCl2 K2O N2O5
  20. 20. Can You Tell the Difference? Chemical Ionic or Name of Formula: Covalent? Compound: SO2 Covalent CaCl2 Ionic K2O N2O5
  21. 21. Can You Tell the Difference? Chemical Ionic or Name of Formula: Covalent? Compound: SO2 Covalent CaCl2 Ionic K2O Ionic N2O5
  22. 22. Can You Tell the Difference? Chemical Ionic or Name of Formula: Covalent? Compound: SO2 Covalent CaCl2 Ionic K2O Ionic N2O5 Covalent
  23. 23. Can You Tell the Difference? Chemical Ionic or Name of Formula: Covalent? Compound: SO2 Covalent Sulfur Dioxide CaCl2 Ionic Calcium Chloride K2O Ionic Potassium Oxide N2O5 Covalent Dinitrogen Pentoxide
  24. 24. Bibliography Picture on Slide 2:"Bonds." ScienceGeek.net. Web. 18 Feb. 2012. <http://www.sciencegeek.net/Chemistry/Powerpoint/Unit3/Unit3_files/fr ame.htm>. Picture on Slide 4:"Atomicbonds." School of Engineering Technologies at Farmingdale StateUniversity. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. <http://info.lu.farmingdale.edu/depts/met/met205/atomicbonds.html>. Picture on Slide 5:"Chapter 7 Covalent Bonding." Missballinger. Web. 21 Feb. 2012. <http://missballinger.wordpress.com/unit-1-2/chapter-7- covalent-bonding/>. Picture on Slide 6:"Ionic and Covalent Bonding." SAS. Web. 18 Feb. 2012. <http://www.pdesas.org/module/content/resources/18005/view.ashx>. Picture on Slide 7:"Mr. Brambles Chemistry." Mac OS X Server. Web. 20 Feb. 2012. <http://ths.talawanda.net/~BrambleN/classroom/indexchem.html>.

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