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Jainism

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Jainism

  1. 1. 1 ECONOMICS OF LORDECONOMICS OF LORD MAHAVIRA: ANMAHAVIRA: AN ANALYSISANALYSIS
  2. 2. 2 What is Jainism?What is Jainism?  Jainism is a way of life and one of the oldest religions of the world.Jainism is a way of life and one of the oldest religions of the world.  It believes in a cyclical nature of universe. It discourages superstitionIt believes in a cyclical nature of universe. It discourages superstition and blind faith and encourages free and rational thinking.and blind faith and encourages free and rational thinking.  Jainism lays heavy emphasis on non-violence (ahimsa) andJainism lays heavy emphasis on non-violence (ahimsa) and discipline.discipline.  According to Jain philosophy, all Tirthankaras were born as humanAccording to Jain philosophy, all Tirthankaras were born as human beings but they have attained a state of perfection or enlightenmentbeings but they have attained a state of perfection or enlightenment through meditation and self realization. They are the “Gods” ofthrough meditation and self realization. They are the “Gods” of Jains.Jains.  Jains have always practiced non-violence, vegetarianism, meditation,Jains have always practiced non-violence, vegetarianism, meditation, yoga, and environmentalism.yoga, and environmentalism.
  3. 3. 3 What are the Principles of Jainism?What are the Principles of Jainism?
  4. 4. 4 What are Basic Philosophies of Jainism?What are Basic Philosophies of Jainism?  Jainism believes in Godhood but does not believe God to be the FirstJainism believes in Godhood but does not believe God to be the First Cause. God is not a Creator, Preserver or Destroyer of the universe.Cause. God is not a Creator, Preserver or Destroyer of the universe.  ““God” does not Punish or RewardGod” does not Punish or Reward  Each person is responsible for improving life by one’s self-endeavorEach person is responsible for improving life by one’s self-endeavor  Each person is capable of achieving GodhoodEach person is capable of achieving Godhood  All Living Beings have Souls & are EqualAll Living Beings have Souls & are Equal  All life is sacredAll life is sacred  Therefore, living in peace & harmony is essentialTherefore, living in peace & harmony is essential  Elimination of our Karmas is the Path to LiberationElimination of our Karmas is the Path to Liberation & Achievement of Godhood& Achievement of Godhood  It requires multiple re-birthsIt requires multiple re-births  Ultimate Goal of LifeUltimate Goal of Life  To be free from all karmaTo be free from all karma Equality
  5. 5. 5 Who Is Lord Mahavir?Who Is Lord Mahavir?  Lord Mahavir - 24Lord Mahavir - 24thth (and final) Tirthankara(and final) Tirthankara  Born on March 30, 599 B.C. (about 2600 years ago) as a princeBorn on March 30, 599 B.C. (about 2600 years ago) as a prince in Bihar, India. He attained nirvana in the year 527 B.C. at thein Bihar, India. He attained nirvana in the year 527 B.C. at the age of 72.age of 72.  The ultimate objective of his teaching is how one can attain theThe ultimate objective of his teaching is how one can attain the total freedom from the cycle of birth, life, and death, andtotal freedom from the cycle of birth, life, and death, and achieve the permanent blissful state (known as liberation,achieve the permanent blissful state (known as liberation, nirvana, absolute freedom, or Moksha.)nirvana, absolute freedom, or Moksha.)  He shaped the present form of Jainism. Lord MahavirHe shaped the present form of Jainism. Lord Mahavir envisioned men and women to be on equal footing in theenvisioned men and women to be on equal footing in the matters of spiritual advancement.matters of spiritual advancement.
  6. 6. 6 Jain SymbolsJain Symbols Palm – signifies assurance; to have faith and change the path of righteousness. Wheel of Dharma – 24 spokes represent the 24 Tirthankaras. The word inside the wheel is ahimsa. Digit of moon – (region of liberated souls) Three dots – (Right Perception/Faith, Right Knowledge, and Right Conduct) Overall meaning – After removing all of their karmas, living beings will reside in the world of liberated souls.
  7. 7. 7 What does Jainism Teach about Ecology?What does Jainism Teach about Ecology?  Non-Possessiveness / AparigrahaNon-Possessiveness / Aparigraha  Self-restraint is the second mostSelf-restraint is the second most important Jain principle.important Jain principle.  Minimizing consumption providesMinimizing consumption provides respect for others’ life and environment.respect for others’ life and environment.  Reuse / Recycle Products – Do notReuse / Recycle Products – Do not waste the gifts of nature.waste the gifts of nature.  Share resources.Share resources.  Nature provides enough for ourNature provides enough for our NEED, but not enough for ourNEED, but not enough for our GREED.GREED. Environmentalism
  8. 8. 8 World ReligionWorld Religion ““What holds one from falling fromWhat holds one from falling from spiritual degeneration is religion.”spiritual degeneration is religion.”
  9. 9. 9 TimelineTimeline 571AD Mohammed Judaism Christianity Jainism Hinduism Islam 2600BC Abraham 2200BC Exodus from Egypt 30BC Christ Beginning-less / Endless Beginning-less / Endless 557BC, Mahavir 483BC Gautam Buddha 1940sAD Israel Buddhism
  10. 10. 10 Life CyclesLife Cycles Jainism: Cycle of Life Western: Linearity of Life birth: pure state death heaven hell enlightenment cycle of life/death elimination of karmic bondage nirvana
  11. 11. 11 Jain BeliefsJain Beliefs
  12. 12. 12 How Does Jainism Bring Change?How Does Jainism Bring Change?
  13. 13. 13 Multi Step ApproachMulti Step Approach
  14. 14. 14 Thank You DR. MANISHA LODHA

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