Employee Welfare


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Employee Welfare

  3. 3. <ul><li>“ Every organisation hears what employees says, Good organisation listens to what employees have to say but organisations with employee welfare schemes listens what employees don’t say” </li></ul><ul><li>GROUP- 9 </li></ul>
  4. 4. CONTENTS <ul><li>What is employee welfare? </li></ul><ul><li>Merits & Demerits </li></ul><ul><li>Types of welfare Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Approaches to labour welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Administration of welfare activities </li></ul><ul><li>Safety & Health Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Welfare facilities at ITI </li></ul><ul><li>Latest Trends </li></ul>RITESH SUDHIR ASHISH & DEEPAK
  5. 5. WHAT IS EMPLOYEE WELFARE? <ul><li>Relates to taking care of the well being of workers by employers, trade unions, governmental and non-governmental organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>Referred to as betterment work for employees. </li></ul>
  6. 6. According to the Royal Commission on Labor <ul><li>Labor welfare is a term which must necessarily be elastic, bearing a somewhat different interpretation in one country from another, according to different social customs, the degree of industrialization and educational level of workers. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Merits <ul><li>Motivates employees </li></ul><ul><li>Employee Retention </li></ul><ul><li>Minimized social evils </li></ul><ul><li>Better Job satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Cuts down labor turnover </li></ul>
  8. 8. Demerits <ul><li>Huge investment </li></ul><ul><li>Employees being dissatisfied </li></ul>
  9. 9. Types of Welfare Activity <ul><li>Inside the work place- Intra mural facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities within the factories like medical, compensation, drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>Outside the work place- Extra mural facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Facility provided outside the factories like accommodation, recreational facilities, educational facilities </li></ul>
  10. 10. Inside the work Place <ul><li>Conditions of environment </li></ul><ul><li>Safety and cleanliness of the work environment </li></ul><ul><li>Good house keeping-compound walls and lawns </li></ul><ul><li>Convenience and comfort-illumination, seating arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>Safety measures-machine fencing, goggles, first aid, helmets </li></ul><ul><li>Visible posters and warnings </li></ul>
  11. 11. Inside the work Place <ul><li>Convenience </li></ul><ul><li>Provisions for wash basins, bathrooms and waste disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Provision for drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>Canteen service </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation rooms, rest rooms and libraries. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Inside the work Place <ul><li>Health services </li></ul><ul><li>Health center </li></ul><ul><li>Dispensary </li></ul><ul><li>First aid </li></ul><ul><li>Health education </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Ambulance service </li></ul>
  13. 13. Inside the work Place <ul><li>Women and child welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Maternity aid </li></ul><ul><li>Child care </li></ul><ul><li>Separate facilities for women </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Family planning services </li></ul>
  14. 14. Inside the work Place <ul><li>Others </li></ul><ul><li>Employment follow up-comfort and awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Economic services-loans, insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Labour management services-counseling, safety committee </li></ul><ul><li>Employee education-library, AV unit, literary classes, news bulletin etc. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Comfortable and hygienic residences </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitation and water disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Proper roads and lighting facility </li></ul><ul><li>Plentiful markets </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Health and medical services </li></ul>ASHISH
  16. 16. <ul><li>Welfare activities by the government </li></ul><ul><li>Factories Act of 1948 </li></ul><ul><li>Washing facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Rest rooms </li></ul><ul><li>First aid boxes </li></ul><ul><li>Canteen and shelters </li></ul><ul><li>Crèche for more than 30 women </li></ul><ul><li>Welfare officers for more than 500 workers </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Mines Act of 1952 </li></ul><ul><li>Crèches for more than 50 women </li></ul><ul><li>Canteen for more than 150 workers </li></ul><ul><li>Shelter for more than 250 workers </li></ul><ul><li>Shower baths and sanitary latrines </li></ul><ul><li>Welfare officer for more than 500 workers </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Plantation Act of 1951 </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation facility for workers and their children </li></ul><ul><li>Educational facility </li></ul><ul><li>Housing facility for all workers </li></ul><ul><li>Umbrellas, blankets, raincoats and other amenities </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Contract Labour Act 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>A canteen for more than 100 employees </li></ul><ul><li>Rest rooms and alternative accommodation </li></ul><ul><li>Sufficient supply of drinking water washing facilities etc </li></ul><ul><li>First aid boxes </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Labour welfare officer- schedule 49 of Factories Act </li></ul><ul><li>Present in a factory of more than 500 workers </li></ul><ul><li>Supervision of safety and welfare programmers </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling of workers and adjustment in work environment </li></ul><ul><li>Formulate welfare policies </li></ul><ul><li>Liasoning with officials and resolving disputes </li></ul>
  21. 21. RITESH
  22. 22. <ul><li>POLICING THEORY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labour exploitation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RELIGION THEORY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investment aspect </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PHILANTHROPIC THEORY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Affection for mankind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good working conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PATERNALISTIC THEORY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also known as Trusteeship theory </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>PLACATING THEORY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Welfare activities will please workers and will make them work well. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PUBLIC RELATIONS THEORY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Welfare activities to create good impression on the minds of the public </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FUNCTIONAL THEORY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Welfare activities provided to make workers more efficient </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SOCIAL THEORY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obligation on the part of the organization to provide for the employees welfare </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. DEEPAK
  25. 25. 1.Welfare Policy <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation, Retention, Raise the Standard of living, Prevent Social evils </li></ul><ul><li>Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Central, State Government, Social organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Range </li></ul><ul><li>i) Type of facilities </li></ul><ul><li>ii) Coverage of employees </li></ul><ul><li>Timeliness </li></ul>
  26. 26. 2.Organisation For Welfare <ul><li>The Factories Act ,1948 mandates that every industrial establishment must appoint a welfare officer if the number of employees is 500 or more. </li></ul><ul><li>It is argued that the prime responsibility for welfare should rest with the line manager or the HR manager . </li></ul>
  27. 27. 3.Assesment Of Effectiveness <ul><li>Effectiveness of welfare must be assessed periodically. </li></ul><ul><li>Two methods of assessment : </li></ul><ul><li>i) Trend Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>ii) Opinion Survey </li></ul>
  28. 28. Fringe Benefits <ul><li>The term fringe benefits refers to the extra benefits provided to employees in addition to the normal compensation paid in the form of wage or salary. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Objectives <ul><li>To create & improve sound industrial relations. </li></ul><ul><li>To promote employees welfare. </li></ul><ul><li>To motivate the employees by identifying & satisfying their unsatisfied needs. </li></ul><ul><li>To provide security to the employees against social risks like old age benefits & maternity benefits. </li></ul><ul><li>To provide safety against accidents. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Features of fringe benefits <ul><li>They are supplementary forms of compensation. </li></ul><ul><li>They are paid to all employees based on there membership in the organization. </li></ul><ul><li>They help to raise the living conditions of the employees. </li></ul><ul><li>It may be statutory or voluntary. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Need for fringe benefits <ul><li>Employees demand </li></ul><ul><li>Trade union demand </li></ul><ul><li>Employer’s preference </li></ul><ul><li>As a social security </li></ul><ul><li>To improve human relations </li></ul>
  32. 32. Examples of fringes <ul><li>1. Legally required payments </li></ul><ul><li>- Old age, survivors, disability and health insurance (commonly known as social security) </li></ul><ul><li>- Worker’s compensation </li></ul><ul><li>- Unemployment compensation </li></ul><ul><li>2. Contingent and Deferred benefits </li></ul><ul><li>- Pension plans </li></ul><ul><li>- group life insurance </li></ul><ul><li>- military leave and pay </li></ul><ul><li>- maternity leave </li></ul><ul><li>- child care leave & sick leave etc., </li></ul><ul><li>3. Payments for time not worked </li></ul><ul><li>- vacations & holidays </li></ul><ul><li>- voting pay allowances </li></ul><ul><li>4.Other benefits </li></ul><ul><li>- travel allowances & moving expenses </li></ul><ul><li>- uniform tool expenses </li></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>“ Every twenty seconds of every working minute of every hour throughout the world, some one dies as a result of industrial accident.” </li></ul>
  35. 35. WHAT IS SAFETY? <ul><li>Safety - freedom from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Safety – protection of workers from the danger of industrial accidents. </li></ul><ul><li>Accident – an unplanned and uncontrolled event in which an action or reaction of an object, a substance, a person, or a radiation results in personal injury. </li></ul>
  36. 36. TYPES OF ACCIDENTS Accidents Internal External Major Minor Fatal Disability Temporary Permanent Partial Total Partial Total
  37. 37. NEED FOR SAFETY <ul><li>Cost saving </li></ul><ul><li>Increased productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Moral </li></ul><ul><li>Legal </li></ul>
  38. 38. HEALTH <ul><li>“The well-being of the employee (Physical as well as Mental) in an industrial establishment.” </li></ul><ul><li>1. Physical Health </li></ul><ul><li>2. Mental Health </li></ul>
  39. 40. Welfare Facilities At ITI <ul><li>CARE </li></ul><ul><li>i) Medical Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>For the employees covered under ESI scheme. </li></ul><ul><li>EFT scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Reimbursement </li></ul><ul><li>ii) Township Administration </li></ul><ul><li>iii) Welfare Funds </li></ul>
  40. 41. Welfare Facilities At ITI <ul><li>iv) Educational Scheme </li></ul><ul><li>v) Welfare Association & Clubs </li></ul><ul><li>vi) Other Welfare Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Officers Canteen </li></ul><ul><li>Officers Canteen </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Uniform </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul>
  41. 42. Welfare Facilities At ITI <ul><li>(B) TERMINAL BENEFITS </li></ul><ul><li>vii) Employees’ Provident Fund </li></ul><ul><li>viii) Gratuity Scheme </li></ul><ul><li>ix) Group Insurance Scheme </li></ul>
  42. 43. Latest Trends <ul><li>I – Wega </li></ul><ul><li>Health Scribe </li></ul><ul><li>Subex Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Infosys </li></ul><ul><li>Hewlett – Packard </li></ul>
  43. 44. Conclusion <ul><li>If a tailor makes mistake – it becomes a fashion </li></ul><ul><li>If a scientist makes a mistake – it becomes an invention </li></ul><ul><li>If an HR manager deploys a retention strategy – it becomes a welfare measure </li></ul>
  44. 45. Bibliography <ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>www.google.com </li></ul><ul><li>Human Resource Management – Gesler </li></ul><ul><li>Human Resource Management- VSP Rao </li></ul><ul><li>Human Resource Management-N.K Singh </li></ul><ul><li>Human Resource Management-Vershney </li></ul><ul><li>Human Resource Management-Mirza S </li></ul>