The Second Sino- Japanese War(7th July 1937– 2nd September 1945)           BY MAC RITCHIE
Background - China 1930’s          China - distracted by civil war   Chiang Kai-Shek                            Mao Tse-Tu...
Background- Japan 1930’s            Japan - eager for natural resources      Japan                                        ...
Start of the Second Sino - Japanese War - 1937 The Marco Polo (or Logou) bridge incident sparked the full blown conflict ...
The Conflict Escalates through late 1930’s Japanese capture key Chinese ports & industrial centres as  well as Nanking & ...
By 1940, “Stalemate” The Japanese were unable to force a victory over  Chinese and Chinese were unable to evict the  Japa...
Anti-Japanese Sentiment Grows in West Japan is building an Asian Empire The US and other Western countries have extensiv...
China Set to Be Greatest Ally for US In February 1942, the US congress loaned China    $500 million   China to be centre...
End of the Second Sino-Japanese War Two Events ended the war in 1945 -  On 6th August, US dropped atomic bombs on    Hir...
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The second world war (china vs japan) final

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The second world war (china vs japan) final

  1. 1. The Second Sino- Japanese War(7th July 1937– 2nd September 1945) BY MAC RITCHIE
  2. 2. Background - China 1930’s China - distracted by civil war Chiang Kai-Shek Mao Tse-TungNationalist Government Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Kuomintang (KMT) Various War Lords
  3. 3. Background- Japan 1930’s Japan - eager for natural resources Japan ChinaDensely populated Sparsely populated Scarce natural Abundant natural resources resources Manchuria Arable Land, Coal, Iron, Soybeans, Salt 1931- Japan invades Manchuria & creates puppet–state “Manchukuo” Condemned by League of Nations, however no military action is taken. The West is distracted by the Great Depression.
  4. 4. Start of the Second Sino - Japanese War - 1937 The Marco Polo (or Logou) bridge incident sparked the full blown conflict Linked Beijing to KMT controlled areas in southern China In response, KMT & CCP formed an alliance to fight Japanese under the Sian Agreement Growing international anti-Japanese sentiment – Stalin supports CCP & West supports KMT with aid
  5. 5. The Conflict Escalates through late 1930’s Japanese capture key Chinese ports & industrial centres as well as Nanking & Shanghai Both sides use “Scorched earth tactics” Infrastructure, transportation, communication destroyed and high number of civilian deaths  Massacres & atrocities were common  In 8 years of conflict, 20 million Chinese were killed
  6. 6. By 1940, “Stalemate” The Japanese were unable to force a victory over Chinese and Chinese were unable to evict the Japanese from occupied areas By 1941, the Chinese position was precarious  1930’s military aid dries up with war in Europe  Alliance between KPT and CCP is fragile
  7. 7. Anti-Japanese Sentiment Grows in West Japan is building an Asian Empire The US and other Western countries have extensive economic interests throughout Asia In 1941, the US imposed an oil embargo on Japan which led the Japanese to attack Pearl harbour on 7th December 1941, On December 8th 1941, US declared war on Japan. Pearl Harbour
  8. 8. China Set to Be Greatest Ally for US In February 1942, the US congress loaned China $500 million China to be centre of US military effort against Japan In reality, there were other more urgent battles to be fought in Asia and aid for China plummeted It was also difficult to send support to China over the Himalayan mountains In 1944, from April to December, Japanese launched a major offensive called Ichi-go which put China on the brink of defeat.
  9. 9. End of the Second Sino-Japanese War Two Events ended the war in 1945 -  On 6th August, US dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima.  On 9th August, Stalin declared war on Japan and overran the Japanese army in Manchuria. Then the Japanese forces in China surrendered. The civil war resumed immediately. Japanese soldiers surrender

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